Tag Archives: Kabila

Donald Trump dismantle Dood-Frank Act. The best gift to FDLR terrorist, Kabila and Nkurunziza.

13 Feb dt

Friday February 03, 2017 US President Donald Trump signed two Presidential directives in order to dismantle the Dood-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, commonly referred as Dood-Frank Act. The Federal Law was signed by President Barak Obama on July 21, 2010 in order to regulate the US financial market gone crazy thanks to a pirate worldwide financial speculation system and bad loans out of control. Dood-Frank Act is regulating US private banks national and worldwide operations. It’s regulating US mineral market too in order to avoid US Enterprises to buy mineral from war zones like Democratic Republic of Congo – DRC. The law has been fought back for long time by US financial institutes and Corporation like Morgan, HP, Compaq, and other IT Company linked to the New Economy. Under Dood-Frank Act implementation Coltan illegal exportation business from DRC war area dropped from 380 m. USD to 185 m. USD par year.

Coltan, gold and other rare minerals are present in huge quantities in East Provinces of DRC: North and South Kivu. These rare minerals are under control of President Kabila’s Family and several armed group, national ones (regrouped under the name Mai Mai) and foreign. DRC rare minerals exploitation has been possible thanks unofficial alliance between Kabila Family, armed group, US and EU enterprises interested to have the control over these minerals considered vital raw material for IT Industry. DRC rare minerals are utilized in several industry sector: from smart phones to advanced High Tech instruments utilized by NASA, EU, China and Russia Astronautic Industries. DRC host 75% of rare mineral’s world reserves.

The Mafia unwritten agreement is simple and functional. Kinshasa Government avoid any military operation against armed groups in East of DRC. They take care of extraction and illegal exportation of rare minerals. Profits are shared 60% to Kabila’ Family 40% to armed groups. The armed groups are called to defend East DRC territory against Uganda and Rwanda backed rebellions on the behalf of Kinshasa Gouvernment. A request done on 2002 by Kinshasa (during the Secondo Pan African war) in order to balance the piteous state of the National Army: “Forces Amees de la Republique Democratique du Congo – FARDC”, partially unpaid, not well equipped, under corrupt and criminal Generals and Colonels control.

From 2002 to 2009 Kabila Family have created a complicate and international Mafia networks over DRC war zone minerals. This network involve several actors in DRC, Great Lakes Region, US and Europe. The meanly armed group that benefits from this unusually alliance is “Force Democratique pour la Liberation du Rwanda – FDLR” an armed group created in East DRC by French on 2000. FDLR are formed by former President Habyarimana Army and genocide militias Interhamwe, responsible of 1 m of death in Rwanda 1994. FDLR objective since 2000 is to reconquer Rwanda and impose again the racial Nazis government HutuPower destroyed by Rwanda People Front led by Paul Kagame, present Rwanda’s President. FDLR still now are in favor of total genocide of Tutsi minority in order to reinforce “order and democracy” under exclusive control of HutuPower politicians.

East DRC illegal mineral market has permit to FDLR to survive for 17 years, control vast areas in North and South Kivu provinces and buy huge quantity of army. Rwandan terrorist forces are estimated on 12,000 men (1,200 men according U.N. 4,500 men according to Kigali government). Most of militiamen are recruited from east Congo young jobless without any kind of job alternative even in the informal sector. New recruits are coming now from Nazi Burundian militias Imbonerakure. From 2002 FDLR has try, without succeed, to invade Rwanda 8 times, the last on April 2014: Operation Umudendezo.

UN Peacekeepers mission in DRC: MONUSCO on 2012 has sign a secret military alliance with FDLR Rwandan terrorists in order to fight Banyarwanda Congolese rebellion movement M23 backed by Rwanda and Uganda. FDLR Military Command is located in Goma (North Kivu province capital) at 02 km far from MONUSCO headquarter. Despite the DRC Army 2015 military campaign against them, in the recent months FLDR leaders have been notice dinner in VIP restaurant and hotels in Goma with DRC Generals, French military advisors and UN Military High Command. It’s DRC Eastern population common behavior that 2015 FARDC offensive was just a simple fiction movie offered to Western Medias. MONUSCO has been recently accused by Lubero and Butembo Civil Society to have intentionally not stop the September 2016 ethnic cleaning in North Kivu province. Ufficially these crimes are committed by an Islamic Ugandan group “ADF” (destroyed two year ago). In reality the authors are Rwandan terrorists FDLR.

From July 2013 FDLR’s Militias are assisting and protecting Burundian HutuPower regime of former President Pierre Nkurunziza, illegally on power since July 2015. Burundian regime with FLDR active support is responsible of thousands of extra judiciary execution, mass murders, mass graves, illegal arrests mainly addressed to Tutsi minority. 300,000 Burundians are refugees in neighbor Countries and all opposition party and civil society leaders have been murder or forced to exile. On September 2016 UN Human Rights Department has affirmed that there is a real risk of genocide in Burundi if Nkurunziza regime will not be removed from power. At the contrary Burundian Civil Society affirm that a silent genocide is a Country reality since October 2015. According Burundian human rights activists and journalist this silent but efficacy genocide can be transformed in open genocide Rwanda 1994 style according to Nkurunziza political conveniences meantime Burundian population has fall dawn in an emotional fatalism.

Illegal mineral traffic has direct and dramatic impact on East DRC population. An estimated 75,000 peoples are in slavery, forced to work on illegal mines controlled by FDRC and other armed groups. 28,000 of them are suspected to be children from 06 up to 16 years old. Thousands of children are forced into the ranks of armed groups that control mining zones. The IDPs (Internal Displaced People) are around 2 millions. All runaway from death and violence spread by FDLR and several armed groups.

DRC Eastern Congo population has Zero hope to be liberated by National Army. At least 98% of FARDC Generals have strong economic interests in illegal mineral exportation and they are not crazy to attack and destroy precious business partners even if are considered internationally as terrorist organizations. The villagers are force in to slavery by guns and debt bondage: money borrow by Congolese businessmen linked to armed groups to pay school fees, medical cares or just to buy food for the family. Bogus accounting and abusive interest rates prevent the villagers from repaying the debts fall down in the slavery working free in illegal mines.

DRC illegal mine exploitation is the first case for sexual abuse too. Militias abduct women and girls from villages, transforming them in sexual slave. Rebels contract forced marriage with hundreds of underage girls. Congolese human rights activists affirm that Militias and DRC regular army are responsible of sexual rapes in East Province the highest in the world: 02 rapes every minute…

Dood-Frank Act has make very difficult the illegal mineral export from East DRC. In order to have sufficient mineral provision US Enterprises were forced to accept very expensive triangulations assured by China, Uganda and Rwanda. From 2011 up to 2015 East DRC armed group autonomy capacity to buy new army and munition dropped to 35% forcing them to receive army from Congo and French governments in exchange of military services against Banyarwanda population and neighbor Rwanda. Since 2015 FDLR are the real responsible of ethnic cleaning against Banande tribe in Beni, Butembo and Lubero district, North Kivu province. Ethnic cleaning that is very near to genocide, ordered by President Kabila in order to destroy the strong economic Banande community in East of the Country.

President Donald Trump has now eliminate this international legal barrier with evident risks to boom regional conflicts, ethnic cleaning and genocide. Mr. Trump affirm that Dood-Frank Act has never worked. At the contrary has condemned US Corporation to be less competitive on international markets. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, institution created by Dood-Frank Act to oversee consumer products origins and regulate import activities done by US Corporation, will be shut-down.

According Mr. Trump Dood-Frank Act abrogation is a due act in favor of American people, low and middle-income investors. In reality the President directives to dismantled the law will profit big US Corporation and Wall Street. Dood-Frank Act is not regulating war zone minerals only. It’s regulating US Mad Financial System too.

Despite the electoral campaign promise to be against Wall Street, Donald Trump has filled his administration with billionaires and bankers. Now he’s focus to make more easily and out of control Wall Street business. Trump decision against Dood-Frank act include a systematic dislmantling of Gouverment control over private banks. Justice Department Office will have no more rights to question about bankruptcy or illegal financial speculation very harmful for US common citizen live and economy.

Banks, financial firms and Corporations are exulting about President Trump decision. Dood-Frank Act has been “responsible” for 18 billion profit losses from 2011 to 2016. US Bank and Corporation lobbyists have several times pushed Obama Administration to revise the law without succeed. Now the man who want make America great again has listen their prays and act as consequence for the good and prosperity of America people…

Dood –Frank Act dismantle will be now discuss by Congress. Republican Representative Jeb Hesarling, chairman of House Financial Services Committee has declared that will support Trump proposing to Congress his own Dood-Frank Act abrogation project. Tea Party leaders have assured their votes. Only Democrats wowed to fight Trump’s plans. Anyway American human rights activists alarm that US Corporations and private Banks are already pressing over several Democratic Congressmen in order to support Trump initiative.

Dramatic consequences are forecast for DRC, Burundi, Rwanda and Great Lakes Region in general. Dood-Fank Act abrogation will free war zone minerals international market allowing 41 armed groups and the manly terrorist organization in the region (FDLR) to increase their power over East DRC natural resources causing more human suffering to many innocent, women and children in Congo and surrounding Countries. Very soon illicit mining of tin, tantalum, tugsten and cobalt, (key raw material for the production of smart phones and other high tech devises), will be free of any international control and regulation. According to an ENOUGH PROJECT recent report insurgents forces in collaboration of DRC national army and Kinshasa regime have in their hand 65% of rare minerals market in East Provinces.

President Trump decision to dismantle Dood-Frank Act is a clear sign that the controversy US Head of State want build strong alliances with Wall Street and US Corporation in order to counter balance the strong popular opposition that is growing to political levels never see since President Nixon time. The decision is anyway contradictory and counterproductive to regional US ally. If Dood-Frank Act will be abrogated Uganda and Rwanda will loose the present position of international mediators for gold and coltan originated in East DRC.

Uganda is controlling the majority of DRC gold smuggler and Rwanda DRC coltan smuggler. Both governments have overestimated the production of gold mine in Karamoja and mineral mines Rwanda DRC border in order to legally wash illegal gold and coltan coming from Congo. Ugandan and Rwandan overestimated actions has started on 2011 with full consensus of US and EU Corporations and silent complicity of Washington and Bruxelles.

Without the Dood-Frank Act the dictatorial regime of Kinshasa and Rwandan terrorist group FLDR will be free to sell rare minerals to US Corporations, establishing legal export mine enterprises owned by Congolese businessmen under full control of Kabila Family and Rwandan terrorists. Regional economic experts forecast an huge increment of Bujumbura (Burundi) illegal gold market’ affair under control of Indians and Israelis businessman associated to the HutuPower dictator Pierre Nkurunziza. This will allow the World Lord Nkurunziza to have precious and vital forex currency income to counterbalance the huge financial loss due by US and EU economic bans and restriction over humanitarian aid. Same negative effects will be registered on favor of Kabila regime that has annulled presidential election on November 2016 and is plaining to transform Kabila mandate in a Live Precedency against the popular willing.

If Dood-Frank Act abrogation decided by Mr. Trump will increase US Banks and Corporations support will make fragile US geostrategic plans in Great Lakes Region. Trump as make clear his opposition to President Joseph Kabila and former Burundian president. According to him both are cruel dictators to be overthrow away. US foreign diplomacy is very active since the last two year of Obama Administration in order to create a regime change both in Burundi and DRC. US is on front line against the two regime, promoting international financial bans in order to avoid Kinshasa and Bujumbura dictatorial regimes to have forex currency reserves to help them to remain on power. With an indirect gift of 400 m. USD par year Congo and Burundi forex currency reserves will be easily recreated. Good business for International Army Industry, a nightmare for Great Lakes Region population.

Trump decision over Dood-Frank Act will make more fragile Uganda and Rwanda regional control. It will make higher the risk of military invasion and second genocide in Rwanda, complicating the Liberation war to overthrow Nkurunziza regime and avoid the first genocide in Burundi history. Ugandan military experts under anonymity protection thinks that Dood-Frank Act dismantle will not be a problem for US geostrategic goals in Great Lakes Regions. Most of them are convinced that Trump Administration will opt for a regional war with the consensus of French, Belgium, Canada, UN and UE to overthrow Kabila and Nkurunziza regimes.

A regional war done to avoid genocide risks but in reality to preserve Western exploitation rights over natural resources. Some indicators are already present. Congolese Tutsi rebel movement M23 (Mouvement du 23 Mars) militias protected in Uganda has disappears from the UPDF (Ugandan Army) military bases where was host. M23 General Sultani Makenga has disappear too. Popular rumors tell that M23 forces have entered in East DRC in military standby.

Rare Minerals and Human Blood is a tragically binomial destined to be repeat again in the Great Lake Region? It’s too early to do forecast on this direction but two fact are already sure. East DRC and Burundi populations will continue to suffer thank to economic international conveniences. Any international experimentation of Fair Trade (like FairPhone) will be definitely destroy. Why to buy IT devices and smart phones very expensive because made with coltan under strict mine regulation that avoid slavery and child exploitation instead to have easy good price smart phone made with coltan directly coming from area under terrorists and armed groups control? Under Trump Administration this Big Corporation dream has become true.

Fulvio Beltrami
Free Journalist @FulvioBeltrami
Uganda

 

 

Come ho fatto a pezzi Lumumba.

26 Gen porco

Sabato 17 gennaio scorso si è commemorato il Cinquantaquattresimo anniversario della morte dello statista congolese Patrice Lumumba.
Un omicidio politico voluto da Stati Uniti, Francia e Belgio per impedire che la ricca nazione del Congo prendesse una piega nazionalista e riuscisse a creare uno stato veramente indipendente capace di gestire le immense ricchezze naturali detenute. Ricchezze che per quasi cent’anni sono state sfruttate dal Belgio, un poverissimo ed insignificante paese europeo, ora capitale dell’Unione Europea, che deve il suo sviluppo non alle miniere di carbone ma alle risorse naturali rubate al Congo e costate dieci milioni di morti (il primo genocidio avvenuto in Africa).

La morte di Lumumba rappresenta un dramma nazionale e regionale. Le dirette conseguenze sono drammatiche.

Il suo omicidio apre l’era della dittatura di Mobutu Sese Seko, durata 32 anni (dal 1965 al 1997). Una tra le più feroci e cleptomani dittature mai conosciute in Africa.
Alla caduta del regime, per mano degli eserciti di Angola, Rwanda e Uganda, si instaura una seconda dittatura : quella della Dinastia Kabila. Dal padre (Joseph Dèsirè Kabila) al figlio (Joseph Kabila Kabange). Quest’ultimo ancora al potere.
La Dinastia Kabila è tecnicamente una edizione moderna ma più grottesca e senza prospettive della dittatura mobutista.

Il passaggio di testimone tra le due dittature (entrambe appoggiate a fasi alterne dalle potenze occidentali) ha generato : due guerre pan africane e due ribellioni maggiori all’est. L’ultima (quella del M23) terminata nel dicembre 2013. Trentanove gruppi armati locali e stranieri stazionano all’est del paese, sfruttando le miniere e schiavizzando la popolazione. Il gruppo terroristico ruandese FLDR, responsabile del genocidio in Rwanda nel 1994, fa tranquillamente affari con la famiglia Kabila, seminando morte e distruzione.

Da quattordici anni in Congo è presente la più lunga e costosa missione di pace delle Nazioni Unite (MONUC ora ribattezzata MONUSCO).
Con un stratosferico budget annuale (1,4 milioni di dollari) questa missione di pace ha contribuito alla instabilità e alle varie guerre nell’est del Congo. Il comportamento dei suoi soldati ha generato : traffico di minerali, pedofilia, mancata assistenza ai civili attaccati dalle bande armate, prostituzione. Tutti reati comprovati da varie associazioni congolesi per i diritti umani, denunciati ma rimasti totalmente impuniti. In questo paese « Cuore di Tenebre » vive la popolazione tra le più povere in Africa.

L’assassinio di Lumumba è stato reso possibile dalla mancata protezione della missione di pace delle Nazioni Unite installatasi nel paese negli anni immediatamente dopo l’indipendenza (1961). Per oltre quarant’anni le potenze occidentali, le Nazioni Unite e la storiografia ufficiale hanno negato ogni coinvolgimento sull’assassinio del leader congolese facendo credere che fosse stata una « Storia tra negri ». Nel 2002 è caduto anche questo ultimo tabù. Gèrard Soete, (nella foto a destra) appartenente ai corpi speciali dell’esercito belga, il 15 maggio del 2002 riporta ad un quotidiano belga la sua testimonianza di come fu assassinato Lumumba direttamente dai soldati belgi tra i quali lui. Una testimonianza passata quasi inosservata in quanto fino ad ora la storia dell’Africa ci viene offerta dai vincitori che, ahimè, sono tutti bianchi ed occidentali. Una testimonianza che vale la pena di rileggere durante il mese commemorativo dedicato a Patrice Lumumba. Un’occasione offertaci dal sito di informazione Negronews e fedelmente tradotta per il pubblico italiano.

« Ho fatto a pezzi e disciolto nell’acido il corpo di Lumumba. In piena notte africana, abbiamo cominciato ad ubriacarci per avere il coraggio di compiere una simile operazione. Il lavoro più duro fu quello di staccare le membra prima di gettarle nell’acido. Nulla è restato a parte qualche dente. Mi ricordo dell’odore. Insopportabile. Mi sono lavato tre volte dopo ma per giorni sentivo la puzza e mi sentivo un barbaro. ».

Questa è la testimonianza di Gèrard Soete (detto per gli amici Gègè), resa nota il 15 maggio 2002, quarant’ anni dopo l’omicidio del leader congolese Patrice Lumumba. Il suo corpo fu smembrato in 34 pezzi. Un numero simbolico : il 0034 è il codice internazionale del Belgio. Dopo quaranta anni di negazioni ufficiali Gèrard Soete rivela l’orribile segreto. Una notte del gennaio 1961, il corpo del martire congolese fu fatto a pezzi e fatto sparire in un fusto pieno di acido sulforico. « Quale legge europea me lo avrebbe mai permesso ? » si domanda oggi l’ex soldato delle forze speciali belghe ora ottantenne e ancora in buona salute, che risiede a Bruges (nord est del Belgio).

« Penso che l’omicidio sia stato necessario per salvare migliaia di persone e mantenere la calma » afferma Gèrard Soete evidentemente convinto della sua azione. Il 17 gennaio 1961, sette mesi dopo l’indipendenza del Congo, Patrice Lumumba, Primo Ministro del Governo Congolese, viene assassinato presso la località di Elisabethville, attuale città di Lumumbashi, capitale della provincia del Katanga. Una provincia dove all’epoca era scoppiata una guerra secessionista fomentata dal Belgio. Crivellato di colpi, Lumumba viene dissolto nell’acido assieme a due suoi compagni di lotta : Joseph Okito e Maurice Mpolo.

Secondo il boia belga, l’obiettivo dell’omicidio era, in pieno clima di guerra fredda, quello di mantenere il Congo sotto la sfera di influenza occidentale. La tesi è stata presentata nel 2002 ad una commissione di inchiesta belga incaricata di chiarire le eventuali responsabilità politiche del governo belga. Le forze speciali belghe all’epoca incaricate ufficialmente dalle Nazioni Unite di formare la polizia nazionale katanghese ma in realtà operative per creare lo stato indipendente del Katanga, sono a distanza di quarant’anni ancora convinte del loro « giusto » atto.

I corpi di Lumumba e dei suoi due compagni furono trasportati a 220 km dal luogo dell’assassinio per essere dissolti in piena savana, seguendo l’ordine del Ministro degli Interni del Katanga : Godefroi Munongo e del suo omologo belga. La scelta di disciogliere il cadavere di Lumumba nell’acido fu necessaria per non creare un mito e pericolosi pellegrinaggi presso la sua tomba.

« Tutte le autorità belghe presenti in Katanga hanno approvato in pieno l’operazione » ci tiene a specificare Gèrard Soete. Lo smembramento dei corpi di Lumumba e dei suoi due compagni avviene cinque giorni dopo il loro assassinio nella notte tra il 22 e il 23 gennaio 1961. Ritornato in Belgio, Gèrard Soete ha conservato un dito e un dente di Patrice Lumumba come souvenir della sua avventura africana.

Questo breve ed agghiacciante articolo dovrebbe far riflettere l’attuale governo Belga e suoi cittadini. Al contrario il più criminale silenzio è calato sull’anniversario della morte di Lumumba. Il primo per non sottoporsi ad eventuali persecuzioni della giustizia internazionale, i secondi per totale ignoranza dei fatti avvenuti in un lontano paese africano e in tempi remoti.
Solo i congolesi, orfani di Lumumba, ricordano questo triste anniversario. Reso ancora più triste dalle miserabili condizioni in cui sono costretti a vivere sotto il regime Kabila, oggi 26 gennaio del 2015. Ironia della sorte, dinnanzi alle evidenti difficoltà dell’attuale regime congolese di mantenere il potere e al rischio dell’implosione del paese, si sospetta che dietro agli attuali motti indipendentistici della provincia del Katanga vi siano i criminali di allora, o per meglio dire : il governo democratico del Belgio.

Fulvio Beltrami per African Voices
Kampala, Uganda
@FulvioBeltrami

The Congolese army defeated the rebellion M23 ?

31 Ott army

After military successes of last week the Congolese army announced the implementation of a second offensive on the bastion of the rebellion M23 : Bunagana , the border with Uganda . Local sources said that the rebel forces and their commanders would have abandoned Bunagana .
According to American military experts M23 would have decided to switch to a low-intensity guerrilla warfare , taking refuge in the forests and in allied countries : Uganda and Rwanda. Regional military experts warn that the fight against M23 ​​may not be completed.

Not registered the feared intervention in Rwanda. Diplomatic sources give as likely a compromise with the United States. The White House to counter the interference of France would propose a peace and regional integration. The proposal would serve to offset the Wars Noire decided by France in total support to the dictatorship Kabila.

They remain in the east of Congo 40 other guerrillas including Terrorists Rwanda FDLR. The FDLR have done the genocide in Rwanda in 94 and are close allies of the government in Kinshasa. In September last year they tried to invade Rwanda, failed attempt thanks to information provided to the U.S. intelligence Rwanda.

by Fulvio BeltramiFreelance journalist
Uganda, Kampala

L’esercito congolese sconfigge la ribellione M23?

31 Ott army

Dopo I successi militari della scorsa settimana l’esercito Congolese ha annunciato l’attuazione di una seconda offensiva sul bastione della ribellione M23: Bunagana, confine con l’Uganda. Fonti locali affermano che le forze ribelli e i loro comandanti avrebbero abbandonata Bunagana.
Secondo esperti militari americani M23 avrebbe deciso di passare ad una guerriglia a bassa intensità, rifugiandosi nelle foreste e nei paesi alleati: Uganda e Rwanda. Esperti militari regionali avvertono che la lotta contro il M23 potrebbe non essere terminata.

Non si é registrato il temuto intervento del Rwanda. Fonti diplomatiche danno come probabile un compromesso con gli Stati Uniti. La Casa Bianca per contrastare le interferenze della Francia avrebbe proposto una pace e un’integrazione regionale. La proposta servirebbe per controbilanciare la Guerre Noire decisa dalla Francia in totale sostegno alla dittatura Kabila.

Rimangono nel est del Congo altre 40 guerriglie tra cui I terroristi rwandesi FDLR. Le FDLR attuarono il genocidio in Rwanda nel 94 e sono strette alleate del Governo di Kinshasa. Nel settembre scorso hanno tentato di invadere il Rwanda, tentativo fallito grazie alle informazioni dei servizi segreti americani fornite al Rwanda.

di Fulvio Beltrami
Giornalista Freelance
Uganda, Kampala

New evidence on Un Secretary General Hammarskjöld’s dead

26 Set dag_hammarskjold-2

On September 18, 1961 UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold perished in a air crash in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia). New inquiry report cites persuasive evidences that the aircraft was subject of some form of attack by some west power.

Dag  Hammarskjöld, a Sweden who hold UN Secretary General from 1953 to 1961, on September 18, 1961 was travelling to Ndola, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) on board of a DC-6 to meet Congolese rebel Moise Tshombe who was fighting for the independence of mineral-rich province of Katanga. The DC-6 airliner SE-BDY crashed few km from the runway of Ndola Hammarskjöld and fifteen others perished in the crash.

Following the death of Hammarskjöld, there were three inquiries into the circumstances that led to the crash:the Rhodesian Board of Investigation, the Rhodesian Commission of Inquiry, and the United Nations Commission of Investigation. The three official inquiries failed to determine conclusively the cause of the crash that led to the death of Hammarskjöld.

After 52 years from the incident an inquiry conducted by an independent commission comprising four international jurists headed by the British jurist Sir Stephen Sedley, has reveled persuasive evidences that the aircraft was subject to some form of hostile action.

The possibility that the plane was subject to some form of attack is supported by sufficient evidences to merit the reopening of UN inquiry on Dag Hammarskjöld dead”, conclude the report.

The commission after examines several theories concerning the cause of the crash has discarded human error or technical malfunction causes, reaching the conclusion that the airplane was shoot down by another airplane and Hammarskjöld killed by gunfire after the crash. Collected evidences seem to point to the conclusion that UN Secretary General was killed by terrorist attack perpetuate by some West Power.

These evidences were available long time ago, since the first UN inquired but they were voluntarily ignored for political motivations. On September 20, 1961 US President Trumann told to The New York Times: “Dan Hammarskjöld was on the point of getting something done when they killed him. Notice: that I said when they killed him”.

President Trumann information sources may came from US National Security Agency (NSA) included the witness of Sergeant Harold Julien, the sole survivor found alive by rescue team. He remained alive for six days before die of burns. His witness has never released. Speculations report that he spoke about a series of explosions preceding the crash. UN official inquiry statements that the witnesses who talked with Julien before he died were inconsistent.

It is highly likely that the entirely of local and regional Ndola radio traffic on the night between September 17-18, 1961 was tracked and recorded by NSA and even CIA”, a member of independent commission write in the 61-pages report.

On  August 19, 1998, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, chairman of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), stated that recently uncovered letters had implicated the British MI5, the American CIA, and then South African intelligence services in the crash. The British Foreign Office suggested that these letters may have been created as Sovietmisinformation

On 29 July 2005, Norwegian Major GeneralBjørn Egge gave an interview to the newspaper Aftenposten on the events surrounding Hammarskjöld’s death. According to General Egge, who had been the first UN officer to see the body, Hammarskjöld had a hole in his forehead, and this hole was subsequently airbrushed from photos taken of the body.

British Academic Susan Williams, author of the 2011 book: “Who killed Hammarskjöld? said on an interview for BBC: “There is no smoke without burn. There are mass evidences that point in the direction that the plane was shoot down by a second plane. This is more convincing and supported explanation than any others”.

Who may have wanted to killed UN Secretary General and why?

Dag Hammarskjöld was a man with a vision of UN as dynamic instrument organizing the world community and protect small Nations. Just the opposite of UN on 2013, victim and indirect  instrument for power countries and international economical interests, mainly cause of UN several failures to bring permanent peace and protect civilian population as testified in DRCongo, Central Africa Republic and South Sudan.

Hammarskjöld vision was against the interests of white Rhodesians, Belgian and British mining companies in Katanga (former Zaire). West countries had a sense to be at war against UN and African nationalism. White minority regimes of the Rhodesian Federation (Zambia and Zimbabwe) and South Africa had thousand of reasons to fear Hammarskjöld policy that may favorite balk mass uprising for freedom and democracy and the end of their racist regimes.

At the time of his dead, Hammarskjöld was trying to negotiate a peace between Mobutu’s Government and Katanga province that had broken away under Moise Tshombe leadership and the Belgian, British and US support. Katanga has still now the world richest uranium deposits and source of four-fifty of world cobalt supply.

Nine months before Hammarskjöld’s dead, Congo President Patrice Lumumba was kidnapped by coup leader Joseph Mobutu, allegedly with convenience of Belgian, British and US intelligences. Lumumba was taken to Katanga, tortured and brutally killed in January 1961.

The new master of Congo has not only changed the country name into Zaire but build an international alliances and conveniences network assured west country to be the “Good Guy” defending west interest in the region against Communism.

After these assurances and evidence of mutual interests, Tshombe rebellion was quickly crash down by his same international supporters. Ironically 35 years later Mobutu Sese Seko, became the “Bad Guy”, has stepped down by one of his master: US utilizing Laurent Désiré Kabila rebellion support by Rwanda and Uganda. The objective was bring stability and peace in the region. Two regional wars, and east Banyarwanda rebellions by CNDD and M23 shows that something went terribly wrong.

New evidence reveled by the independent commission justify the reopening of Hammarskjöld UN inquiry to assure justice to his family and Congolese people.

Unlucky request for NSA record, made in accordance with the US Freedom and Information Act, has been rejected for national security reasons. Now the independent commission want appeal to this decision. Till when truth and justice will not prevail in DRC the show can go on.

Fulvio Beltrami
Kampala, Uganda