Tag Archives: Italy

Libya. Five years of Western Chaos

4 Nov

The Arab Spring in Tunisia and Egypt affected Libya internal stability. Protest against Colonel Muammar Gaddafi regime erupted on February 2011, brutally crushed by the army. The force used by Gaddafi and Western interferences will soon create a dramatic civil war ended on October 20, 2011 when Libyan leader was caught and shot dead by Libyan National Transitional Council militia with the active support of French Intelligence services.

Nowadays Libya, former developed African Country and leader of Pan African Movement, is a country torn apart and divided, with to governments fighting between them and claiming the control of the Nation. The real Libya’s owner are local militias (ISIL DAESH included) that have power of live and death over the population of the areas they control. Economy is collapsed. GDP shrank by 10.2% in 2015 adding to the 24% collapse in 2014. Production of crude oil fell to the lowest level on record since the 1970s: around 0,4 million barrels par day. Western Power (Italy included) are nowadays engaged with air bombardment and military interferences in order to support Libyan factions. A Somali scenario repeated with incredible stupidity wisped the dramatic western mistakes that transformed Somali civil war erupted on 1991 in an eternal conflict with terrorist international complications.

As we assist in Somalia on 1993, Libyan local militias strategies and objectives are became oppose to the ones promoted by Western powers, transforming Libya in an African Syria. A battlefield between different imperialist and regional powers. A war without end that has full involved US. Libya should be added to disastrous adventure in Iraq and Afghanistan. In all these countries the Pax Americans has not established and the masses pay the heavy bill of American failure. Libyan situation is so negative for US foreign policy that President Barak Obama has considered 2011 Western intervention the worst mistake ever made by his Administration. U.S., France and Britain destroyed the old state apparatus in Libya creating a dangerous empty space fulfilled by Al-Qaeda and DAESH militias. What Obama did not take into account was the situation impossible to manage created by the role plaid by tribal rivalries that were temporally balance during Gaddafi’s rule.

Different actors are inside to Libyan drama. U.S., France, Britain, Italy, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Qatar, Turkey. All attracted by the strategic position of this North African country with its shores on the Mediterranean Sea very close to Europe. A North African country really reach: 38% of African continent’s oli and 11% of European consumption. The government of Tripoli is supported by Qatar and Turkey. The Tobruk government, recognized by U.N and E.U, is supported by Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Arab Emirates. DAESH forces still control Derna and Sierte surrounding areas. International alarms grown after the serious influence of Islamic State in Libya. In order to resolve the problem U.N. and Western Powers pushed for a national unity government against terrorism treat. The Government of National Agreement (GNA) under Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj control was created on March 30 of this year. A really weak government that has increase the conflict in the country. GNA was immediately boycotted by several former ministers, tribes and clans. Al-Serraj has been transformed in the most weak African Prime minister from the very first day of his election. Living condition of Libyan population dropped dramatically fulfill the ranges of local militias and terrorists groups. Al-Serraj’s government is still alive only thank to West support. In reality Al-Serraj has no real power but a virtual surrogate of it.

On August 2016 a new chapter in Libyan civil war has opened with US involvement. Bombing Sirte was an American decision that has make worst the situation. 330 US Air-Forces strike have not facilitated Sirte fall. Al-Baghdadi militia are still able to offer a fierce resistance. Sirte was Gaddagi’s hometown very well protected. To assure the conquer of Sirte there are need of ground troops. There is no national army in Libya so the ground troops must come from African countries or Western Powers. African Union, Arab Liguea, U.N. Europe and U.S. are showing the total absence of direct military intervention willing. They prefer to support the different Libyans militias in a never ending proxy war. The eternal battle for Sirte has weakest Al-Serraj government meantime other players are taking advantage of the situation.

Tobruk strongman General Khalifa Haftar, control Sidra and Ras lanuf oil terminals recently conquer. Haftar General is supported ny Egypt and France. French special forces are military active in Cyrenaica, regione lagerly controlled by Haftar General. Several Africans analysts consider unlikely that in the current situation Haftar will be able to restart oil production. Anyway Sidra and Ras Ianuf oil terminals and refineries are powerful weapons in his and that increase his influence over future negations about power division in Libya. GNA government has just miraculously survive to Khalifa al-Ghwell militias coupt attempt in Tripoli. Al-Ghwell strike was so determinate to force Prime Minister Al-Serray to hiding to a secret location in Tunisia. Western power have take for granted that Al-Serray is at the end of his days. Now are forced to increase their military presence in the region under usual justification of fighting Islamic terrorism.

France is one of the most active powers in this scenario. Last July, the GNA issued a protest where considering the French presence in Libya’s eastern region as a breach of international norms and sovereignty. France ignored that protest and increased its presence, a fact exposed by the crash of an airplane in Malta last Monday. At least three passengers were members of French intelligence heading for Libya.”, explain Roberto Sarti, a marxist Italian activist and expert over Libya issues.

Italy, the former colonial power, is trying not to be excluded from the division of the booty. In September they sent 300 soldiers to Libya, with “humanitarian” intentions, of course. The Italians are planning to build a military hospital in Misrata, and the official task of the troops will be “to protect the premises.” In reality they are going to protect their local proxies in Misrata and in the siege of Sirte. Not everybody is happy with the Italian initiative. The Zintani Brigade (a militia that, when it changed sides, was crucial in the fall of Gaddafi) declared that it would “not stand idly by and will face any invader with all our might,” and “we call on all Libyans to stay united and prepare to fight the new Italian invasion of our land.”

As Mr. Sarti describes the situation in Libya is assuming the character of a long a protracted civil war. An Western crime make possible by the passivity of African Union to resolve Continental issues alone, imposing democracy and human rights respect in autonomy way even with the use of African military force. The only A.U. attempt to resolve African crisis is in Somalia, where African troops AMISOM are fighting Al-Shabaab and DAESH militias, under Uganda command. A fight weakened by the withdraw of Ethipian troops decided by Addis Abeba government in order to face Oromo rebellion.

Fulvio Beltrami

Freelance Journalist


Mass murder of African migrants on Mediterranean sea. The untold trough.

2 Mag

12nd April 2015. Several international NGOs in support of migrants (between them: Oronias, Meidamiroir and Reseauinternational) have denounced that Egyptian military navy has bombarded and sunk a boat direct to European coasts with 600 Africans migrants aboard, meanly Somalis and Eritreans. Till now the number of victims is unknown. The news has been diffused by the Egiptian branch of Africa and Middle East Assistance (AMERA), a UK Charity Association founded on January 2003 to provide legal aid for refugees in countries where such services are non-existent or limited and where legal representation might assist them in actualizing their rights.

AMERA-Egypt provides legal assistance and representation for asylum-seekers in their refugee status determination process in collaboration with the UNHCR. AMERA Egypt also participates in policy development and public education initiatives on refugee protection concerns by collaborating with and providing cross-training to Egyptian lawyers, community organizations, and international organizations on issues of refugee protection under international and domestic legal standards. The news has been dismissed by Egyptian government and almost ignored by international media. It’s the first time that Egyptian military navy attack a migrants boat and the action represent a crime against humanity worst than the one done by Israel Army against the Turkish boat Marmara transporting Palestine cause’s international supporters attempting to force Gaza sea-block and bring humanitarian help to the population.

Anyway it’s not first time that Egyptian defense forces illegally kill African migrants. A long series of cold blood mass murders has been regularly done by Egyptian army since 2006 without U.N. or International Community open inquires or condemn this crime against humanity. Even the West Medias after the first news on 2008 2011 has been involved in a conspiracy silence over the Egyptian Defense use of lethal force against African migrants. The first African migrant murders by Egyptian police have been reported on international press on 2006. Most of these murders have take place on Israel borders. The two countries have signed a secret security pact where Egypt is responsible of the security on its borders with Israel. The responsibilities include the respect of Gaza economic block and avoid that illegal migrants enter in Israel trough Egyptian borders. Naturally Israel government has never ask to Egypt to kill migrants but if lethal incidents will happen during the duty to protect the borders, Israel government has never officially protest for a simple reason: African migrants fate is not Tel Aviv concern. What is important is avoid they can enter in Israel territory. Since the first international reports on 2006, 122 African have been murders by Egyptian police. These causalities seem a poor percentage of hundred of murders that gone unnoticed.

Egyptian Army is not the only lethal risk for migrants. The people-traffickers often kill their clients. On September 2014 migrant boat was deliberately sunk by people-traffickers in Mediterranean sea, killing 500. According to the account comes from the two Palestians rescued by another boat and taken to Sicily a midway of the voyage from Egypt to Sicily, near Malta the people-smugglers, who travelled in a separate boat, ordered the migrants, who came from Palestine, Syria, Sudan and Ethiopia, to switch to a smaller, less seaworthy vessel. When the migrants refused to do so the traffickers became so enraged that fire on migrants and sunk the boat. Malta’s armed forces rescued only seven survivors who were suffering from hypothermia and brought them to a hospital in Crete.

The Spanish military marine is suspect too of illegal attacks against migrant boats that try to reach Spanish coasts. On October 25 2003 a migrants motorboat has been mysteriously sank in high seas off the coast of Cadiz. The migrants’ boat past near the joint US-Spanish naval and air base of Rota, home of the US Sixth Flee and the Spanish navy. Shortly afterwards the boat disappeared beneath the waves. There were heavy suspects that Spanish military navy has attacked the migrants’ boat. What is well documented is the strange refusal from Spanish and US military navies to participate of sea rescue operations done by untrained volunteers forced to hire private tugboats. Over the next three weeks, 36 decomposing bodies were washed ashore of the beaches around the Bay of Cadiz. El Pais described the vents as the greatest recorded tragedy of “clandestine” immigrants in Spanish history. On November 12, Spain’s national lawyer, Enrique Mugica, announced that an inquiry have been launched into the horrifying events of October 25. The inquiry has soon been classified by Spanish authorities. Several other times Spanish military navy has been suspect to sink migrant’s boats without rescue the migrants.

All these lethal incidents are taking place on the middle of Mediterranean sea far from witness. Since 2010 several Sicilian fishermen have testify to found daily dead bodies on deep waters. The International Organization of Migration (IOM) informs that about 2,900 migrants have been killed on Mediterranean sea by unknown forces in 2014. This number has drastically increased the migrants causalities registered on 2013: 700 people murder. West Media silence over Egyptian systematic murders of African migrants and the unwilling International Community to open international inquires, is pushing some African political analysts to theorize macabre secret agreements between Europe and some North Africa countries like Egypt that accept to stop illegal migration to Europe with all means included mass murder well tolerate and cover by West. In change this countries receive financial aid and political support. Every news of new strange massacre on Mediterranean sea reinforces the horrendous suspect.

Italy, one of the European countries most affected by illegal migration, is not absent of responsibility. At the contrary Rome is full involved in border protection agreements that inevitably bring to atrocities and human rights violations committed by North African countries. On 2009 Italian government signed a pact with Geddafi Regime of borders security. The pact, called: “Pushed Back Pushed Around” forecast Libyan responsibility to stop illegal migration to Italian coast from Libyan ones. Doesn’t matter the way. The important was to decrease the illegal migration pressing over Italy. Libyan government has utilized heavy and unnecessary force against African migrants with several murders unnoticed. A big percentage of Africans migrants captured has been reduced in captivity and forced to became free manpower for public works, prostitution and forced service in the Libyan Army. Italian government or Italian opposition parties have never open Parliament inquire in order to stop the mass human rights violation.

At the contrary on 2009 Italian government has donated to Libyan counterpart three military patrol boat in order to increase Libyan military navy ability to intercept migrants boat on Mediterranean sea. The migrants able to avoid Libyan interception were captured by Italian military navy and forcibly forced to return back to Libya without an appropriated screen necessary to individuate refugees status and other vulnerable migrants. On the other side of Mediterranean Libyan army, informed by Italian authorities, was waiting the modern slave cargos. Italian authorities have never been concerned about illegal migrants fate in Libya.

With the collapse of Geddafi’s regime ISIL terrorists have been unofficially replace the Libyan government duty to decrease illegal migration to Europe. West Press has spread false news about ISIL strategy to encourage African migrants to invade Europe in order to create chaos. Statistics show another reality. ISIL terrorists are very concerned to intercept African migrants in order to transform them in financial sources. When it’s possible they ask money to the family in order to free the hostages. Most of the time male African migrants become slave on logistic support of ISIL war operations in Libya, and female just sold to prostitution market in Arab countries. Cynically we can observe that ISIL is doing a good service to Europe. This new terrorist network, more aggressive and better financed than Al-Qaeda, in theory represents a direct menace to European security, meanly Italian one. This doesn’t explain why the Italian government has been very active on United Nation Security Council to block the Egyptian proposal to invade Libya in order to destroy ISIL and reinforce democracy in the country. Many African observers have the impression that ISIL is not a real menace for Europe but a useful tool on fight against illegal migration.

Anti migration agreements suspects are involving Europe and Morocco. The psychopathic Morocco Army determination to intercept African migrants that try to reach European coast reinforce these suspects. Morocco Army show a total absence of human rights respect. Since 2008 Maroccan navy has been accused of killing African migrants by deliberately sinking their boats. The last documented crime has been commited on April 2008 when Maroccan Navy has sank a boat with 70 African immigrants aboard as reported by The Guadian The immigrants, mostly from Nigeria and Mali, had paid traffickers €100 (£79) each to reach Spain. Their boat was intercepted by a Moroccan naval patrol launch on April 28. Like over Egypt and Libya human right violations the Western Media have stopped to report the ones done by Morocco. A deep and maybe criminal silence is cover all these mass murders of humans been.

If anti migration agreements really exist unlucky they are for the moment protected by absence of concrete probes. Anyway it’s strange that European Union doesn’t react with the same aggressive attitude adopted against migrants with the Western Mafia’s network that organize this modern slave market. Mafia’s boss involved in human traffic are all well known by European polices from Italy to UK. There is not any plausible explanation than can justify why this human traffickers are free and their goods (African migrants) are dying on Mediterranean sea… It’s time for United Nation to open an independent inquire in order to verify if a genocide network has been created by European Union and North Africa countries against migrants. If this kind of network really exist should be considered as crime against humanity and the responsible persecuted despite if they are terrorist, traffickers, regular armies or the self proclaimed West Democratic Governments.


Fulvio Beltrami
Kampala, Uganda


4 Lug

Since January 2014 the journalists of the Great Lakes Region, including myself, were aware of Congolese rebel movement M23spoils of war“. Following the decision to withdraw from the east of the Congo putting up 20 months devastating war. The withdrawal was ordered by Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni to avoid a direct confrontation between the rebellion and the brigade of intervention under command of UN peacekeeping mission in Congo, MONUSCO. A direct confrontation could compromise the reinforcement of the Kampala – Pretoria aims to achieve the goal of geo strategic control of East Africa and Southern Africa. A direct confrontation could increase the friction between the member states of the East African Community (EAC), already arrived to dangerous levels due to the diplomatic war between Tanzania and Rwanda in place from 2013. Within the brigade intervention there are the troops of South Africa and Tanzania.

The spoils of war, composed by precious metals, coal, precious wood and revenue taxes is estimated at 57 million dollars, of which 23% consists of looted gold (13.5 million dollars). The main beneficiaries of this bloody treasure are: the military high command of the Congolese rebel movements M23, primarily the General Sultani Makenga (currently in exile in Uganda), the Ugandan government, senior officers of the Congolese army supposed to fight the M23, a major refinery in Dubai, and two western multinationals: one American and one European. The rich documentation in the hand of some regional journalists, however, has undergone a six-month self-censorship for security reasons. During this time no one had the courage to publish this information due to expected reactions by regional and Western powers. The news had become in practice a great scoop but not publishable.

To break the silence was the regional weekly The East African in its issue of 28 June 2014. A two-page dossier explains the network among M23, Uganda and the Congolese army that made possible this historic looting that largely exceeds the total value the looting of raw materials in DRC implemented by Uganda during the Pan-African war (1998 – 2004): approximately $ 10 million as estimated by the United Nations, which in 2010 forced the government to Kampala damages Kinshasa government. Decision that Uganda largely ignored until now.

There are still shrouded in a cloak of mystery and silence the identity of the refinery of gold in Dubai and the two western multinationals. On the other hand we talk about the complicity of LMBA (London Bullion Market Assets), the only stock exchange in the world to determine gold buying and selling prices and the commercial transaction rules of golden traceability to prevent the market from being flooded of gold extract from the areas of conflict. The spoils of war amounts to 4 tons of gold, half of which sold to Dubai from December 18 to 26, 2013, thanks to a series of business transactions hyper secret, organized by the Government of Uganda in collaboration with the refinery in Dubai and the two western multinationals. Copies of the documents relating to this transaction in which they appear the identity of the partners – accomplices: European, American and Middle Eastern countries, it would be in possession of a Kenyan journalist but not published at the time for serious safety reasons. The reticence, fortunately broken by The East African, was due to the awareness of journalists in possession of evidence, testimony and documentation, about personal risk in publishing a preview of the news.
Awareness reinforced by the attitude of the United Nations which, while being aware of the immense trafficking, has decided to implement an information blackout in order to permit a monitoring reinforcing of the trade in precious metals, monitoring actually in force.

The first clear evidence available to the public is represented by the statistics on gold price trend at the LMBA London for the month of December. The international price for a kilogram of gold recorded on December 2, 2013 was $ 30,221. On December 18 there was a sudden drop of 5%. The negative trend will further decline of 5.8% December 20. At the end of the month the price of gold will be decreased by 6.2%: $ 28,345 per kilo. The substantial fall in the international price coincides with the dates of the “underground” transactions concerning the sale of gold looted by the M23 in the Congo. Two tons of gold sold on the international market price has decrease gold price of 6.2%. December 02, 2013 gold price will be restored only February 26, 2014 when a kilogram of gold will be quoted $ 30,230.

As well as a significant quantity of gold may have been placed on the market to Dubai from a country known to be involved with the instability of the Congo, escaping all international controls, it remains a mystery that hints at the international complicity, and feeds the suspicion of a involvement of high finance. A complicity that was the determining factor in making possible the sale of a similar amount of illegal gold despite the restrictions imposed by U.S. law against conflict minerals: the Dodd-Frank Act and similar legislation recently passed by the European Parliament. The remaining treasure (other 2 tons of gold) stored in various locations safe protected by the Ugandan army, is at present, unmarketable. The United Nations, in cooperation with the U.S., EU and most international financial institutions, is implementing a strict monitoring of all transactions in gold of the Great Lakes region to intercept M23 gold.

This unity of international purpose has forced even the Ugandan government, the main author of the plunder, to apply scrupulously the monitoring of gold purchases. A paradoxical situation: a country that has organized the looting and is hiding the illicit gold in its territory that must temporally bloc all selling operation. The totality of Western and Asian companies legally operating in the gold market in Uganda are very careful not to buy part of this gold because such operation would be easily traced by the control mechanisms. We are speaking about a serious international crime: the financing of rebellions and armed groups. The total embargo on M23 gold, implemented by foreign companies operating legally in the precious metals sector in the region of the Great Lakes: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, has forced M23 leaders to opt for unconventional indirect means.

The first way was to implement the sale of 2 tons still kept in areas militarily protected within Uganda, through the parallel channel connected to the international mafia. Attempt not grieve reached, since no fluctuation in the international gold price of a certain level has been recorded at the LMBA London after the “big shot” in December 2013. Attempting to use the black market would also involve the financial circuits and Italian business.

In March, 2014, inside of the colorful arena of international investors in Uganda appear a young Italian broker with huge amounts of capital available for the purchase of gold. According to statements made by the same careless young Italian (about 31 years old) during social events, the funds have been made available by two well-known Italian entrepreneurs of Rome of Jewish origin with close connections with the powers of Italy.

Relying on the support of a well-known Italian citizenship and former public servant residing in Uganda for 20 years, the Italian “broker” have attempt to install a laboratory for verification of authenticity and a small gold refinery at a private residence rented in residential area Mwenga, Kampala. No registration of the firm, even on false pretenses, was made by this “broker” and its alleged Italian Jewish financiers. Their emissary was in possession of a tourist visa valid for three months. The funds, approximately € 800,000 deposited in a foreign currency account with the possibility of funding of up to € 2 million per month, were kept at the famous Egyptian financial institution in Uganda: Cairo International Bank. A well-known institution involved in several national financial scandals, suspected of money laundering and for having “saved” 14% of deposits and assets belonging to the Mubarak family, at the time of the fall of the Egyptian regime during the Arab Spring.

Because of the young Italian broker unusual behavior, the clandestine activities of this improvised and folklorist modern Italian gold seeker, have attracted the attention of a Kenyan journalist who conducted a mock negotiation pretending to be a gold seller from DRC. As reported by the journalist on false pretenses, during the two meetings that took place at the Sheraton Hotel in Kampala, the young Italian always assisted by fellow countryman residing in Kampala, would have clarified the complete willingness to buy gold without certification of origin, the ideal situation to place M23 gold. According to Italian young man affirmed, the transport was free from problems because he was already in possession of fake permits issued by the Ugandan government and a preferential runway at the airport of Ciampino, Italy, away from prying eyes and unexpected controls.

The journalistic investigation has not been completed due to the sudden closure of the buying activities and the return of the young broker in Italy. According to the information available, but not confirmed, the hypothetical investor from Rome decided to suspend the operation due to the behavior of their extravagant and completely naive man in Uganda. According to testimonies collected also from Ugandan high class prostitutes, the young broker would not have made any secret of his mission and buying methodology, becoming soon a well-known personality in Kampala worldly circles: Big Mike, The Babbles and Cayenne. In less than two months the illegal activities of the young broker had become public domain in Kampala, making it clearly impossible to implement operations that require a proper environment of discretion and secrecy, giving rise to the decision of investor to call back their country representative.

Personally I cannot confirm the news of the Kenyan colleague, despite he claims to have sufficient documentation to substantiate the findings of the investigation, evidences not viewed by me. However, I can confirm the existence of a young Italian gold broker which was telling a similar story between April and May 2014. As a matter of fact that I can confirm that the young gold broker and his Italian consultant are not currently present in Uganda. The first for business reasons and the second for a vacation of two months…

The second way attempted to recycle M23 gold is to try to sell it by passing it as gold from South Sudan, through the complicity of several army generals south Sudan (SPLA) still loyal to President Salva Kiir. Since last May, international gold buyer legally operative in Uganda are receiving bids from South Sudanese Generals relating to gold sale in quantities of 150, 200 kg per month. The recycling operation of M23 gold seems to find serious difficulties due to the reluctance of international companies to implement l purchases of gold from South Sudan that are not accompanied by clear certificates of origin in accordance with the strict U.N. regulations.

M23 gold is now preserved in the secret places in Uganda and blocked by the difficulty of selling, that would not resolved soon. M23 gold is supposed to finance what? The rearmament of the Congolese rebel group M23 for a possible future reactivation of its rebellion in DRC. To ensure huge profits to Sultani Makenga and UPDF generals involved in the operation. To solve the deficit of the Ugandan government in the financing of wars to procure, secret wars and peacekeeping missions in Somalia, Central African Republic and South Sudan. According to the results of the journalistic investigations conduct which this article represents only a preview intentionally not detailed, no international companies is involved in buying M23 gold, destined to languish for a long time in places secret in Uganda.


Fulvio Beltrami.
Goma. Democratic Republic of Congo.

Why the West wanted the fall of Muammar Gaddafi? An analysis in defense of the Libyan rais “

26 Giu

Africans should think about the real reasons why western countries are waging war on Libya, writes Jean-Paul Pougala, in an analysis that traces the country’s role in shaping the African Union and the development of the continent.

It was Gaddafi’s Libya that offered all of Africa its first revolution in modern times – connecting the entire continent by telephone, television, radio broadcasting and several other technological applications such as telemedicine and distance teaching. And thanks to the WMAX radio bridge, a low cost connection was made available across the continent, including in rural areas. It began in 1992, when 45 African nations established RASCOM (Regional African Satellite Communication Organization) so that Africa would have its own satellite and slash communication costs in the continent.

This was a time when phone calls to and from Africa were the most expensive in the world because of the annual US$500 million fee pocketed by Europe for the use of its satellites like Intelsat for phone conversations, including those within the same country. An African satellite only cost a onetime payment of US$400 million and the continent no longer had to pay a US$500 million annual lease. Which banker wouldn’t finance such a project? But the problem remained – how can slaves, seeking to free themselves from their master’s exploitation ask the master’s help to achieve that freedom? Not surprisingly, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the USA, Europe only made vague promises for 14 years. Gaddafi put an end to these futile pleas to the western ‘benefactors’ with their exorbitant interest rates. The Libyan guide put US$300 million on the table; the African Development Bank added US$50 million more and the West African Development Bank a further US$27 million – and that’s how Africa got its first communications satellite on 26 December 2007. China and Russia followed suit and shared their technology and helped launch satellites for South Africa, Nigeria, Angola, Algeria and a second African satellite was launched in July 2010. The first totally indigenously built satellite and manufactured on African soil, in Algeria, is set for 2020. This satellite is aimed at competing with the best in the world, but at ten times less the cost, a real challenge. This is how a symbolic gesture of a mere US$300 million changed the life of an entire continent.

Gaddafi’s Libya cost the West, not just depriving it of US$500 million per year but the billions of dollars in debt and interest that the initial loan would generate for years to come and in an exponential manner, thereby helping maintain an occult system in order to plunder the continent.

The US$30 billion frozen by Mr Obama belong to the Libyan Central Bank and had been earmarked as the Libyan contribution to three key projects which would add the finishing touches to the African federation – the African Investment Bank in Syrte, Libya, the establishment in 2011 of the African Monetary Fund to be based in Yaounde with a US$42 billion capital fund and the Abuja-based African Central Bank in Nigeria which when it starts printing African money will ring the death knell for the CFA franc through which Paris has been able to maintain its hold on some African countries for the last fifty years. It is easy to understand the French wrath against Gaddafi. The African Monetary Fund is expected to totally supplant the African activities of the International Monetary Fund which, with only US$25 billion, was able to bring an entire continent to its knees and make it swallow questionable privatisation like forcing African countries to move from public to private monopolies. No surprise then that on 16-17December 2010, the Africans unanimously rejected attempts by Western countries to join the African Monetary Fund, saying it was open only to African nations. It is increasingly obvious that after Libya, the western coalition will go after Algeria, because apart from its huge energy resources, the country has cash reserves of around a 150 billion. This is what lures the countries that are bombing Libya and they all have one thing in common – they are practically bankrupt.

The USA alone, has a staggering debt of $US14,000 billion, France, Great Britain and Italy each have a US$2,000 billion public deficit compared to less than US$400 billion in public debt for 46 African countries combined. Inciting spurious wars in Africa in the hope that this will revitalise their economies which are sinking ever more into the doldrums will ultimately hasten the western decline which actually began in 1884 during the notorious Berlin Conference. As the American economist Adam Smith predicted in 1865 when he publicly backed Abraham Lincoln for the abolition of slavery, ‘the economy of any country which relies on the slavery of blacks is destined to descend into hell the day those countries awaken’.

To destabilise and destroy the African union which was veering dangerously (for the West) towards a United States of Africa under the guiding hand of Gaddafi, the European Union first tried, unsuccessfully, to create the Union for the Mediterranean (UPM). North Africa somehow had to be cut off from the rest of Africa, using the old tired racist clichés of the 18th and 19th centuries, which claimed that Africans of Arab origin were more evolved and civilised than the rest of the continent.
This failed because Gaddafi refused to buy into it. He soon understood what game was being played when only a handful of African countries were invited to join the Mediterranean grouping without informing the African Union but inviting all 27 members of the European Union. Without the driving force behind the African Federation, the UPM failed even before it began, still-born with Sarkozy as president and Mubarak as vice president. The French foreign minister, Alain Juppe is now attempting to re-launch the idea, banking no doubt on the fall of Gaddafi. What African leaders fail to understand is that as long as the European Union continues to finance the African Union, the status quo will remain, because no real independence.

This is why the European Union has encouraged and financed regional groupings in Africa. It is obvious that the West African Economic Community (ECOWAS), which has an embassy in Brussels and depends for the bulk of its funding on the European Union, is a vociferous opponent to the African federation.
That’s why Lincoln fought in the US war of secession because the moment a group of countries come together in a regional political organisation, it weakens the main group. That is what Europe wanted and the Africans have never understood the game plan, creating a plethora of regional groupings, COMESA, UDEAC, SADC, and the Great Maghreb which never saw the light of day thanks to Gaddafi who understood what was happening.

For most Africans, Gaddafi is a generous man, a humanist, known for his unselfish support for the struggle against the racist regime in South Africa. If he had been an egotist, he wouldn’t have risked the wrath of the West to help the ANC both militarily and financially in the fight against apartheid. This was why Mandela, soon after his release from 27 years in jail, decided to break the UN embargo and travel to Libya on 23 October 1997. For five long years, no plane could touch down in Libya because of the embargo. One needed to take a plane to the Tunisian city of Jerba and continue by road for five hours to reach Ben Gardane, cross the border and continue on a desert road for three hours before reaching Tripoli. The other solution was to go through Malta, and take a night ferry on ill-maintained boats to the Libyan coast.

A hellish journey for a whole people, simply to punish one man. Mandela didn’t mince his words when the former US president Bill Clinton said the visit was an ‘unwelcome’ one – ‘No country can claim to be the policeman of the world and no state can dictate to another what it should do’. He added – ‘Those that yesterday were friends of our enemies have the gall today to tell me not to visit my brother Gaddafi, they are advising us to be ungrateful and forget our friends of the past.’ Indeed, the West still considered the South African racists to be their brothers who needed to be protected. That’s why the members of the ANC, including Nelson Mandela, were considered to be dangerous terrorists.

Only on 2 July 2008, that the US Congress finally voted a law to remove the name of Nelson Mandela and his ANC comrades from their black list, not because they realised how stupid that list was but because they wanted to mark Mandela’s 90th birthday. If the West was truly sorry for its past support for Mandela’s enemies and really sincere when they name streets and places after him, how can they continue to wage war against someone who helped Mandela and his people to be victorious, Gaddafi?

And what if Gaddafi’s Libya were more democratic than the USA, France, Britain and other countries waging war to export democracy to Libya? On 19 March 2003, President George Bush began bombing Iraq under the pretext of bringing democracy. On 19 March 2011, exactly eight years later to the day, it was the French president’s turn to rain down bombs over Libya, once again claiming it was to bring democracy. Nobel peace prize-winner and US President Obama says unleashing cruise missiles from submarines is to oust the dictator and introduce democracy. The question that anyone with even minimum intelligence cannot help asking is the following: Are countries like France, England, the USA, Italy, Norway, Denmark, Poland who defend their right to bomb Libya on the strength of their self proclaimed democratic status really democratic? If yes, are they more democratic than Gaddafi’s Libya?

The answer in fact is a resounding NO, for the plain and simple reason that democracy doesn’t exist. This isn’t a personal opinion, but a quote from someone whose native town Geneva, hosts the bulk of UN institutions. The quote is from Jean Jacques Rousseau, born in Geneva in 1712 and who writes in chapter four of the third book of the famous ‘Social Contract’ that ‘there never was a true democracy and there never will be.’ Rousseau sets out the following four conditions for a country to be labelled a democracy and according to these Gaddafi’s Libya is far more democratic than the USA, France and the others claiming to export democracy:

1. The State: The bigger a country, the less democratic it can be. According to Rousseau, the state has to be extremely small so that people can come together and know each other. Before asking people to vote, one must ensure that everybody knows everyone else, otherwise voting will be an act without any democratic basis, a simulacrum of democracy to elect a dictator. The Libyan state is based on a system of tribal allegiances, which by definition group people together in small entities.
The democratic spirit is much more present in a tribe, a village than in a big country, simply because people know each other, share a common life rhythm which involves a kind of self-regulation or even self-censorship in that the reactions and counter reactions of other members impacts on the group. From this perspective, it would appear that Libya fits Rousseau’s conditions better than the USA, France and Great Britain, all highly urbanised societies where most neighbours don’t even say hello to each other and therefore don’t know each other even if they have lived side by side for twenty years. These countries leapfrogged leaped into the next stage – ‘the vote’ – which has been cleverly sanctified to obfuscate the fact that voting on the future of the country is useless if the voter doesn’t know the other citizens. This has been pushed to ridiculous limits with voting rights being given to people living abroad. Communicating with and amongst each other is a precondition for any democratic debate before an election.

2. Simplicity in customs and behavioural patterns are also essential if one is to avoid spending the bulk of the time debating legal and judicial procedures in order to deal with the multitude of conflicts of interest inevitable in a large and complex society. Western countries define themselves as civilised nations with a more complex social structure whereas Libya is described as a primitive country with a simple set of customs. This aspect too indicates that Libya responds better to Rousseau’s democratic criteria than all those trying to give lessons in democracy. Conflicts in complex societies are most often won by those with more power, which is why the rich manage to avoid prison because they can afford to hire top lawyers and instead arrange for state repression to be directed against someone one who stole a banana in a supermarket rather than a financial criminal who ruined a bank. In the city of New York for example where 75 per cent of the population is white, 80 per cent of management posts are occupied by whites who make up only 20 per cent of incarcerated people.

3. Equality in status and wealth: A look at the Forbes 2010 list shows who the richest people in each of the countries currently bombing Libya are and the difference between them and those who earn the lowest salaries in those nations; a similar exercise on Libya will reveal that in terms of wealth distribution, Libya has much more to teach than those fighting it now, and not the contrary. So here too, using Rousseau’s criteria, Libya is more democratic than the nations pompously pretending to bring democracy. In the USA, 5 per cent of the population owns 60 per cent of the national wealth, making it the most unequal and unbalanced society in the world.

4. No luxuries: according to Rousseau there can’t be any luxury if there is to be democracy. Luxury, he says, makes wealth a necessity which then becomes a virtue in itself, it, and not the welfare of the people becomes the goal to be reached at all cost, ‘Luxury corrupts both the rich and the poor, the one through possession and the other through envy; it makes the nation soft and prey to vanity; it distances people from the State and enslaves them, making them a slave to opinion.’ Is there more luxury in France than in Libya? The reports on employees committing suicide because of stressful working conditions even in public or semi-public companies, all in the name of maximising profit for a minority and keeping them in luxury, happen in the West, not in Libya.

The American sociologist C. Wright Mills wrote in 1956 that American democracy was a ‘dictatorship of the elite’. According to Mills, the USA is not a democracy because it is money that talks during elections and not the people. The results of each election are the expression of the voice of money and not the voice of the people. After Bush senior and Bush junior, they are already talking about a younger Bush for the 2012 Republican primaries. Moreover, as Max Weber pointed out, since political power is dependent on the bureaucracy, the US has 43 million bureaucrats and military personnel who effectively rule the country but without being elected and are not accountable to the people for their actions. One person (a rich one) is elected, but the real power lies with the caste of the wealthy who then get nominated to be ambassadors, generals, etc.


What you have read is just a part than 5 part article. Want to read the whole article? click HERE

Sex tourism, mafia, pedophilia, corruption: the best of ‘Made in Italy’ in Kenya

8 Ott

The journalist Fulvio Beltrami in collaboration with Kenyan journalists are working for a dossier on illegal activities of the Italian community in Malindi and Monbasa engaged in entrepreneurial activities , from mafia infiltration to the promotion of sex tourism. From the corruption of the local authorities to the death threats to journalists Kenyans. This is a topic rarely used by the Italian media, but it is a sad and shameful reality . The objective is to know the seedy criminal underground in the hope that the Italian authorities intervene.

Remain with us to read the best of ‘made in Italy’ in Kenya, soon here.


The drama of refugees

17 Ago

The drama in the drama of the refugees fleeing their country on fire trimmed and hungry and often do not know who will have to cope with governments that would like to send them back. To Pachino was a spontaneous help of humanity and made ​​the hearts of locals and tourists, but how many miracles like this we have yet to see in Italy and other countries so-called civilians at south as Italy?