Tag Archives: Gaddafi

Libya. Five years of Western Chaos

4 Nov

The Arab Spring in Tunisia and Egypt affected Libya internal stability. Protest against Colonel Muammar Gaddafi regime erupted on February 2011, brutally crushed by the army. The force used by Gaddafi and Western interferences will soon create a dramatic civil war ended on October 20, 2011 when Libyan leader was caught and shot dead by Libyan National Transitional Council militia with the active support of French Intelligence services.

Nowadays Libya, former developed African Country and leader of Pan African Movement, is a country torn apart and divided, with to governments fighting between them and claiming the control of the Nation. The real Libya’s owner are local militias (ISIL DAESH included) that have power of live and death over the population of the areas they control. Economy is collapsed. GDP shrank by 10.2% in 2015 adding to the 24% collapse in 2014. Production of crude oil fell to the lowest level on record since the 1970s: around 0,4 million barrels par day. Western Power (Italy included) are nowadays engaged with air bombardment and military interferences in order to support Libyan factions. A Somali scenario repeated with incredible stupidity wisped the dramatic western mistakes that transformed Somali civil war erupted on 1991 in an eternal conflict with terrorist international complications.

As we assist in Somalia on 1993, Libyan local militias strategies and objectives are became oppose to the ones promoted by Western powers, transforming Libya in an African Syria. A battlefield between different imperialist and regional powers. A war without end that has full involved US. Libya should be added to disastrous adventure in Iraq and Afghanistan. In all these countries the Pax Americans has not established and the masses pay the heavy bill of American failure. Libyan situation is so negative for US foreign policy that President Barak Obama has considered 2011 Western intervention the worst mistake ever made by his Administration. U.S., France and Britain destroyed the old state apparatus in Libya creating a dangerous empty space fulfilled by Al-Qaeda and DAESH militias. What Obama did not take into account was the situation impossible to manage created by the role plaid by tribal rivalries that were temporally balance during Gaddafi’s rule.

Different actors are inside to Libyan drama. U.S., France, Britain, Italy, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Qatar, Turkey. All attracted by the strategic position of this North African country with its shores on the Mediterranean Sea very close to Europe. A North African country really reach: 38% of African continent’s oli and 11% of European consumption. The government of Tripoli is supported by Qatar and Turkey. The Tobruk government, recognized by U.N and E.U, is supported by Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Arab Emirates. DAESH forces still control Derna and Sierte surrounding areas. International alarms grown after the serious influence of Islamic State in Libya. In order to resolve the problem U.N. and Western Powers pushed for a national unity government against terrorism treat. The Government of National Agreement (GNA) under Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj control was created on March 30 of this year. A really weak government that has increase the conflict in the country. GNA was immediately boycotted by several former ministers, tribes and clans. Al-Serraj has been transformed in the most weak African Prime minister from the very first day of his election. Living condition of Libyan population dropped dramatically fulfill the ranges of local militias and terrorists groups. Al-Serraj’s government is still alive only thank to West support. In reality Al-Serraj has no real power but a virtual surrogate of it.

On August 2016 a new chapter in Libyan civil war has opened with US involvement. Bombing Sirte was an American decision that has make worst the situation. 330 US Air-Forces strike have not facilitated Sirte fall. Al-Baghdadi militia are still able to offer a fierce resistance. Sirte was Gaddagi’s hometown very well protected. To assure the conquer of Sirte there are need of ground troops. There is no national army in Libya so the ground troops must come from African countries or Western Powers. African Union, Arab Liguea, U.N. Europe and U.S. are showing the total absence of direct military intervention willing. They prefer to support the different Libyans militias in a never ending proxy war. The eternal battle for Sirte has weakest Al-Serraj government meantime other players are taking advantage of the situation.

Tobruk strongman General Khalifa Haftar, control Sidra and Ras lanuf oil terminals recently conquer. Haftar General is supported ny Egypt and France. French special forces are military active in Cyrenaica, regione lagerly controlled by Haftar General. Several Africans analysts consider unlikely that in the current situation Haftar will be able to restart oil production. Anyway Sidra and Ras Ianuf oil terminals and refineries are powerful weapons in his and that increase his influence over future negations about power division in Libya. GNA government has just miraculously survive to Khalifa al-Ghwell militias coupt attempt in Tripoli. Al-Ghwell strike was so determinate to force Prime Minister Al-Serray to hiding to a secret location in Tunisia. Western power have take for granted that Al-Serray is at the end of his days. Now are forced to increase their military presence in the region under usual justification of fighting Islamic terrorism.

France is one of the most active powers in this scenario. Last July, the GNA issued a protest where considering the French presence in Libya’s eastern region as a breach of international norms and sovereignty. France ignored that protest and increased its presence, a fact exposed by the crash of an airplane in Malta last Monday. At least three passengers were members of French intelligence heading for Libya.”, explain Roberto Sarti, a marxist Italian activist and expert over Libya issues.

Italy, the former colonial power, is trying not to be excluded from the division of the booty. In September they sent 300 soldiers to Libya, with “humanitarian” intentions, of course. The Italians are planning to build a military hospital in Misrata, and the official task of the troops will be “to protect the premises.” In reality they are going to protect their local proxies in Misrata and in the siege of Sirte. Not everybody is happy with the Italian initiative. The Zintani Brigade (a militia that, when it changed sides, was crucial in the fall of Gaddafi) declared that it would “not stand idly by and will face any invader with all our might,” and “we call on all Libyans to stay united and prepare to fight the new Italian invasion of our land.”

As Mr. Sarti describes the situation in Libya is assuming the character of a long a protracted civil war. An Western crime make possible by the passivity of African Union to resolve Continental issues alone, imposing democracy and human rights respect in autonomy way even with the use of African military force. The only A.U. attempt to resolve African crisis is in Somalia, where African troops AMISOM are fighting Al-Shabaab and DAESH militias, under Uganda command. A fight weakened by the withdraw of Ethipian troops decided by Addis Abeba government in order to face Oromo rebellion.

Fulvio Beltrami

Freelance Journalist


Why the West wanted the fall of Muammar Gaddafi? An analysis in defense of the Libyan rais “

26 Giu

Africans should think about the real reasons why western countries are waging war on Libya, writes Jean-Paul Pougala, in an analysis that traces the country’s role in shaping the African Union and the development of the continent.

It was Gaddafi’s Libya that offered all of Africa its first revolution in modern times – connecting the entire continent by telephone, television, radio broadcasting and several other technological applications such as telemedicine and distance teaching. And thanks to the WMAX radio bridge, a low cost connection was made available across the continent, including in rural areas. It began in 1992, when 45 African nations established RASCOM (Regional African Satellite Communication Organization) so that Africa would have its own satellite and slash communication costs in the continent.

This was a time when phone calls to and from Africa were the most expensive in the world because of the annual US$500 million fee pocketed by Europe for the use of its satellites like Intelsat for phone conversations, including those within the same country. An African satellite only cost a onetime payment of US$400 million and the continent no longer had to pay a US$500 million annual lease. Which banker wouldn’t finance such a project? But the problem remained – how can slaves, seeking to free themselves from their master’s exploitation ask the master’s help to achieve that freedom? Not surprisingly, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the USA, Europe only made vague promises for 14 years. Gaddafi put an end to these futile pleas to the western ‘benefactors’ with their exorbitant interest rates. The Libyan guide put US$300 million on the table; the African Development Bank added US$50 million more and the West African Development Bank a further US$27 million – and that’s how Africa got its first communications satellite on 26 December 2007. China and Russia followed suit and shared their technology and helped launch satellites for South Africa, Nigeria, Angola, Algeria and a second African satellite was launched in July 2010. The first totally indigenously built satellite and manufactured on African soil, in Algeria, is set for 2020. This satellite is aimed at competing with the best in the world, but at ten times less the cost, a real challenge. This is how a symbolic gesture of a mere US$300 million changed the life of an entire continent.

Gaddafi’s Libya cost the West, not just depriving it of US$500 million per year but the billions of dollars in debt and interest that the initial loan would generate for years to come and in an exponential manner, thereby helping maintain an occult system in order to plunder the continent.

The US$30 billion frozen by Mr Obama belong to the Libyan Central Bank and had been earmarked as the Libyan contribution to three key projects which would add the finishing touches to the African federation – the African Investment Bank in Syrte, Libya, the establishment in 2011 of the African Monetary Fund to be based in Yaounde with a US$42 billion capital fund and the Abuja-based African Central Bank in Nigeria which when it starts printing African money will ring the death knell for the CFA franc through which Paris has been able to maintain its hold on some African countries for the last fifty years. It is easy to understand the French wrath against Gaddafi. The African Monetary Fund is expected to totally supplant the African activities of the International Monetary Fund which, with only US$25 billion, was able to bring an entire continent to its knees and make it swallow questionable privatisation like forcing African countries to move from public to private monopolies. No surprise then that on 16-17December 2010, the Africans unanimously rejected attempts by Western countries to join the African Monetary Fund, saying it was open only to African nations. It is increasingly obvious that after Libya, the western coalition will go after Algeria, because apart from its huge energy resources, the country has cash reserves of around a 150 billion. This is what lures the countries that are bombing Libya and they all have one thing in common – they are practically bankrupt.

The USA alone, has a staggering debt of $US14,000 billion, France, Great Britain and Italy each have a US$2,000 billion public deficit compared to less than US$400 billion in public debt for 46 African countries combined. Inciting spurious wars in Africa in the hope that this will revitalise their economies which are sinking ever more into the doldrums will ultimately hasten the western decline which actually began in 1884 during the notorious Berlin Conference. As the American economist Adam Smith predicted in 1865 when he publicly backed Abraham Lincoln for the abolition of slavery, ‘the economy of any country which relies on the slavery of blacks is destined to descend into hell the day those countries awaken’.

To destabilise and destroy the African union which was veering dangerously (for the West) towards a United States of Africa under the guiding hand of Gaddafi, the European Union first tried, unsuccessfully, to create the Union for the Mediterranean (UPM). North Africa somehow had to be cut off from the rest of Africa, using the old tired racist clichés of the 18th and 19th centuries, which claimed that Africans of Arab origin were more evolved and civilised than the rest of the continent.
This failed because Gaddafi refused to buy into it. He soon understood what game was being played when only a handful of African countries were invited to join the Mediterranean grouping without informing the African Union but inviting all 27 members of the European Union. Without the driving force behind the African Federation, the UPM failed even before it began, still-born with Sarkozy as president and Mubarak as vice president. The French foreign minister, Alain Juppe is now attempting to re-launch the idea, banking no doubt on the fall of Gaddafi. What African leaders fail to understand is that as long as the European Union continues to finance the African Union, the status quo will remain, because no real independence.

This is why the European Union has encouraged and financed regional groupings in Africa. It is obvious that the West African Economic Community (ECOWAS), which has an embassy in Brussels and depends for the bulk of its funding on the European Union, is a vociferous opponent to the African federation.
That’s why Lincoln fought in the US war of secession because the moment a group of countries come together in a regional political organisation, it weakens the main group. That is what Europe wanted and the Africans have never understood the game plan, creating a plethora of regional groupings, COMESA, UDEAC, SADC, and the Great Maghreb which never saw the light of day thanks to Gaddafi who understood what was happening.

For most Africans, Gaddafi is a generous man, a humanist, known for his unselfish support for the struggle against the racist regime in South Africa. If he had been an egotist, he wouldn’t have risked the wrath of the West to help the ANC both militarily and financially in the fight against apartheid. This was why Mandela, soon after his release from 27 years in jail, decided to break the UN embargo and travel to Libya on 23 October 1997. For five long years, no plane could touch down in Libya because of the embargo. One needed to take a plane to the Tunisian city of Jerba and continue by road for five hours to reach Ben Gardane, cross the border and continue on a desert road for three hours before reaching Tripoli. The other solution was to go through Malta, and take a night ferry on ill-maintained boats to the Libyan coast.

A hellish journey for a whole people, simply to punish one man. Mandela didn’t mince his words when the former US president Bill Clinton said the visit was an ‘unwelcome’ one – ‘No country can claim to be the policeman of the world and no state can dictate to another what it should do’. He added – ‘Those that yesterday were friends of our enemies have the gall today to tell me not to visit my brother Gaddafi, they are advising us to be ungrateful and forget our friends of the past.’ Indeed, the West still considered the South African racists to be their brothers who needed to be protected. That’s why the members of the ANC, including Nelson Mandela, were considered to be dangerous terrorists.

Only on 2 July 2008, that the US Congress finally voted a law to remove the name of Nelson Mandela and his ANC comrades from their black list, not because they realised how stupid that list was but because they wanted to mark Mandela’s 90th birthday. If the West was truly sorry for its past support for Mandela’s enemies and really sincere when they name streets and places after him, how can they continue to wage war against someone who helped Mandela and his people to be victorious, Gaddafi?

And what if Gaddafi’s Libya were more democratic than the USA, France, Britain and other countries waging war to export democracy to Libya? On 19 March 2003, President George Bush began bombing Iraq under the pretext of bringing democracy. On 19 March 2011, exactly eight years later to the day, it was the French president’s turn to rain down bombs over Libya, once again claiming it was to bring democracy. Nobel peace prize-winner and US President Obama says unleashing cruise missiles from submarines is to oust the dictator and introduce democracy. The question that anyone with even minimum intelligence cannot help asking is the following: Are countries like France, England, the USA, Italy, Norway, Denmark, Poland who defend their right to bomb Libya on the strength of their self proclaimed democratic status really democratic? If yes, are they more democratic than Gaddafi’s Libya?

The answer in fact is a resounding NO, for the plain and simple reason that democracy doesn’t exist. This isn’t a personal opinion, but a quote from someone whose native town Geneva, hosts the bulk of UN institutions. The quote is from Jean Jacques Rousseau, born in Geneva in 1712 and who writes in chapter four of the third book of the famous ‘Social Contract’ that ‘there never was a true democracy and there never will be.’ Rousseau sets out the following four conditions for a country to be labelled a democracy and according to these Gaddafi’s Libya is far more democratic than the USA, France and the others claiming to export democracy:

1. The State: The bigger a country, the less democratic it can be. According to Rousseau, the state has to be extremely small so that people can come together and know each other. Before asking people to vote, one must ensure that everybody knows everyone else, otherwise voting will be an act without any democratic basis, a simulacrum of democracy to elect a dictator. The Libyan state is based on a system of tribal allegiances, which by definition group people together in small entities.
The democratic spirit is much more present in a tribe, a village than in a big country, simply because people know each other, share a common life rhythm which involves a kind of self-regulation or even self-censorship in that the reactions and counter reactions of other members impacts on the group. From this perspective, it would appear that Libya fits Rousseau’s conditions better than the USA, France and Great Britain, all highly urbanised societies where most neighbours don’t even say hello to each other and therefore don’t know each other even if they have lived side by side for twenty years. These countries leapfrogged leaped into the next stage – ‘the vote’ – which has been cleverly sanctified to obfuscate the fact that voting on the future of the country is useless if the voter doesn’t know the other citizens. This has been pushed to ridiculous limits with voting rights being given to people living abroad. Communicating with and amongst each other is a precondition for any democratic debate before an election.

2. Simplicity in customs and behavioural patterns are also essential if one is to avoid spending the bulk of the time debating legal and judicial procedures in order to deal with the multitude of conflicts of interest inevitable in a large and complex society. Western countries define themselves as civilised nations with a more complex social structure whereas Libya is described as a primitive country with a simple set of customs. This aspect too indicates that Libya responds better to Rousseau’s democratic criteria than all those trying to give lessons in democracy. Conflicts in complex societies are most often won by those with more power, which is why the rich manage to avoid prison because they can afford to hire top lawyers and instead arrange for state repression to be directed against someone one who stole a banana in a supermarket rather than a financial criminal who ruined a bank. In the city of New York for example where 75 per cent of the population is white, 80 per cent of management posts are occupied by whites who make up only 20 per cent of incarcerated people.

3. Equality in status and wealth: A look at the Forbes 2010 list shows who the richest people in each of the countries currently bombing Libya are and the difference between them and those who earn the lowest salaries in those nations; a similar exercise on Libya will reveal that in terms of wealth distribution, Libya has much more to teach than those fighting it now, and not the contrary. So here too, using Rousseau’s criteria, Libya is more democratic than the nations pompously pretending to bring democracy. In the USA, 5 per cent of the population owns 60 per cent of the national wealth, making it the most unequal and unbalanced society in the world.

4. No luxuries: according to Rousseau there can’t be any luxury if there is to be democracy. Luxury, he says, makes wealth a necessity which then becomes a virtue in itself, it, and not the welfare of the people becomes the goal to be reached at all cost, ‘Luxury corrupts both the rich and the poor, the one through possession and the other through envy; it makes the nation soft and prey to vanity; it distances people from the State and enslaves them, making them a slave to opinion.’ Is there more luxury in France than in Libya? The reports on employees committing suicide because of stressful working conditions even in public or semi-public companies, all in the name of maximising profit for a minority and keeping them in luxury, happen in the West, not in Libya.

The American sociologist C. Wright Mills wrote in 1956 that American democracy was a ‘dictatorship of the elite’. According to Mills, the USA is not a democracy because it is money that talks during elections and not the people. The results of each election are the expression of the voice of money and not the voice of the people. After Bush senior and Bush junior, they are already talking about a younger Bush for the 2012 Republican primaries. Moreover, as Max Weber pointed out, since political power is dependent on the bureaucracy, the US has 43 million bureaucrats and military personnel who effectively rule the country but without being elected and are not accountable to the people for their actions. One person (a rich one) is elected, but the real power lies with the caste of the wealthy who then get nominated to be ambassadors, generals, etc.


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7 Mag

In the Arab Spring in Libya, deftly shifting from the Western powers, and the successive of the regime , France has played a leading role , despite the fact that, deceased Colonel Gaddafi in 2007 had financed the election campaign of former President Nicolas Sarkozy with various tens of millions of U.S. dollars. Thanksgiving received was his macabre murder , depriving him of a fair trial for crimes committed during his dictatorship , one of the worst crimes done to the Libyan people that has been deprived of justice against the dictatorship suffered for more than 30 years.

The prominent role played by France was decided by the former President Sarkozy laid the European power to drive the “revolution”, very careful to don’t support romantic figures aspiring to democracy or worst to socialism, but realistic warlords, no mattered whether suspected of having links with Al- Qaeda.

The goal was to create a ” friendly government ” capable of adequately thank France, assuring the best contracts for the reconstruction of the country and the exploitation of Libyan oil windfall at the expense of Great Britain , Italy and the United States.

Paris men were Prime Minister Ali Zeidan and Ziad Takieddine , a Franco – Libyan nationality holder of a real estate portfolio valued at over € 40 million and practice of French armaments needs which had caused several contracts millionaires with Saudi Arabia , Libya , Pakistan and Syria , when the name of President Assad was still in the list of the Good Guys .

Since March last year, the two Paris men no longer exist. Ali Zeidan has been dismissed by the Prime Minister Tuesday, March 11, 2014 . Ziad Takieddine was hopelessly involved in old corruption scandals between France and the former Gaddafi regime . Become a person too famous in the French press , Takieddine has fall in disgrace after recent judicial inquiry given ordered by the Judiciary in Paris. Everyone at the Paris, including President Francois Hollande agree : Takieddine is a character burned .

Now France is forced to look for new men in a political landscape increasingly chaotic and uncertain. “Libya, continues to move on the razor’s edge, at the mercy of instability that threatens to become chronic if you can not find the momentum needed to restore the rule of law,” observes Italian journalist Andrea Ranelletti in a recent article about the situation in Libya published in the Italian newspaper online L’Indro.

Libyan instability is based on the chaos. Kidnappings and assassinations have become the rule protected by impunity thanks to weak and powerless institutions. The rivalry between the various political and sectarian clan are adjusted by gunfire and the creation of new rebel groups. Their first target are the oil fields.

Within this scenario, it is installed the powerful North Africa jihadist network known as Al-Qaeda Maghreb which currently controls the flow of illegal immigrants, weapons, drugs, contraband goods that pass daily along the border of Libya with destination Middle East and Europe. If these terrorist groups are useful for passing part of the military arsenal of weapons sold by the French multinationals to “Syrian revolutionaries” (read terrorists of Al-Qaeda operating in Syria), are certainly not the ideal partner for the “clean” French industries.

The jihadist network looks is consolidating its presence each day as remark the journalist Eli Lake. “Since the attack of September 11 against the American Consulate in Benghazi, jihadist groups linked to regional Al-Qaeda have taken territory in Libya. Famous terrorist leaders as Tantoush are managing operational bases in Libya, one just 27 km from the capital, showing how the security situation in the country has deteriorated. ” Eli Lake said.

In this situation, full of chaos where even the Pyongyang regime quietly sends tankers flying the North Korean flag for Libyan to collect the precious Libyan oil, West Chancelleries can no longer recognize the “friends” from the “enemies” perhaps coming to regret the old dictator he had one big advantage: to be the only party in Libya.

This confusion , which is likely to reduce to ashes many West geo- strategic plans , reigns supreme inside of French Government’s cell of African Affairs , commonly known as : France Afrique , still in search of its new mens, difficult to detect.

It has long been thought to rely on Aldroe Hassan , Deputy Minister of Industry prematurely considered a Paris man. Unfortunately his assassination in January ended any possibility of strengthening the fruitful collaboration. Remains unresolved the Herculean task of identifying the Good Guys .

The thankless task seems to have been entrusted to General Gerald Longuet, former French Minister of Defense in the Sarkozy government that last April has traveled to Libya engaged to visit Tripoli and Misrata, officially to discuss about security , military formation of the new Libyan army and renew previous agreements on border security and migration policies .

Given the facts that the government can’t even dream to undertake serious discussions on security , border control and immigration policies , having no control of the country and that the Libyan army exists only on paper , which were the real subjects covered by Monsieur Longuet in Tripoli and especially in Misrata , the independent rebel’s kingdom?

According to some leaks , also reported from the site of the African Information : Slate Afrique, Mr. Longuet in Tripoli would be entertained privately with Defense Minister Abdallah Al- Thani to see if his Libyan counterpart is the right man.

As scrupulous servant of the Republic as he is, Longuet has evidently look for the right man even among the rebels in Misrata , city martyr of the revolution and the subject of scandalous desires of the French construction companies eager to participate in the reconstruction of this important and historic city of Libya. In Misrata Longuet met with the rebellion leader that he has decorated the French envoy with a beautiful medal in sign of the people of Misrata’s recognition for the French support during the “revolution” .

Detractors of Longuet judge his Libyan tour as unsuccessful. On the contrary, it seems that some seeds have been sown and the French General has brought home a name whispered in his ear infidel Hollande: Mohamed Benjelloun

A Moroccan businessman with Switzerland citizenship that since 2013 has emerged as the main contractor in Libya and the Middle East. The General Longuet suggested President Holland to organize a meeting between Benjelloun and French captains of industry, very demoralized at the moment on the Libyan issue , reminding that the candidate Benjelloun canbecome a “friend of France “. Benjelloun in the past has been a true friend of Gaddafi without however, compromise or remain involved in the disastrous fall of the dictator.

In addition to the economic issue the France Afrique Empire must resolve the situation of disastrous military interventions in Mali and the Central African Republic originated from the intervention in Libya , the mother of all battles of the glorious neo-colonial French army, who suffers from a visible presence in the bulky special units of the ultra- right faction suspect of supporting in the Central African the Christian militias ethnic cleansing against the Muslim community. The risk that the Libyan situation is reproduced faithfully in Mali and the Central African Republic is now very real.

If that was not enough the Libyan adventure has given to France other problems related to relations with the Arab tribes guerrillas used by the France Afrique to overthrow the regime of Gaddafi .

The Toubous , a nomadic ethnic group leaving in Chad , Niger, Libya and Mali , where the Chadian President Idris Deby Itno clan of Zagawa is ally is thanks to the family ties , they are claiming to France their spoils of war , through participation into profits of Libyan oil.

At the beginning of December 2013, Prime Minister Ali Zeidan , assisted by the French military advisers , had met the military leader of the Toubous , Colonel Wardougou Barca.

The latter, during the meeting , claimed a tribal representation in the Libyan government and the ability to access some of the oil revenues in the region of Fezzan , in specific: the deposits of Sebha and Koufra . The claim has not yet been heard by the government in Tripoli and recently and Colonel Barca has threatened to declare Fezzan region an independent state with the full support of some African countries, probably Chad and the Niger.

The Toureg , the main actors in the Malian conflict, a population living at the turn of Algeria , Niger, Mali and Libya , have recently claimed the Libyan nationals for 14,000 families. Remarking vacillation of Tripoli and Paris, Toureg militias have responded with a military raid in the region of Fezzan at the El Sharara oil field and with the intensification of the terrorist attacks in northern Mali against the French troops and those of the African peacekeeping mission funded by the United Nations .

As in the case of Libya, France is now in danger of losing the friends Arab tribes and the Muslim African countries neighboring Libya with a further worsening of regional instability to the detriment of French multinationals , first of all, the nuclear multinational AREVA that controls the uranium deposits in Niger and is funding the French colonial expedition in Mali where there are other uranium deposits very appetizing . The Libyan adventure is forcing President Hollande to spend several sleepless nights , because he is aware that nothing is working in the right direction , the French business world begins to get nervous and elections are approaching.

President Hollande seems to be not yet fully aware of the failure of the policy of the African cell of Paris, which he had promised to close considering an anachronistic vestige of the past. In the Great Lakes region , President Hollande is throwing his head down to a not desirable future regional conflict and a genocide , supporting the dying kleptomaniac regime in Kinshasa managed by an increasingly hallucinatory President Joseph Kabila , financing , arming and supporting the Rwandan terrorist group FDLR immersed in preparations for the invasion of Rwanda and supporting the racial regime of Burundian President Pierre Nkurunziza who is preparing the first large-scale genocide in Burundi .

What can I say ? “Bon Travail, Monsieur Hollande

by Fulvio Beltrami
African Voices journalist, Kampala, Ugandaù

Migrants, slaves of Libya

18 Giu

In Libya, life for irregular migrants has never been easy. During the regime of Muammar Gaddafi, had made arrests, detention, torture and exploitation.

At many of these violations of human rights, Italy has contributed with technical agreements that involved many governments, sealed by the Agreement of Friendship, Partnership and Cooperation Agreement signed in August 2008 by Gaddafi and Berlusconi, who has started the shameful and illegal so-called season of “refoulement” (to be precise, two months ago the president of the National Transitional Council has confirmed that the 2008 agreement  with Libya is still in force).

The “revolution of February 17” 2011 has not changed the fate of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa. In some ways, because of the security vacuum, the absence of rule of law, the proliferation of armed militias, the impunity of those provisions and the ease with which you can find the weapons, the risks are even greater.

An Amnesty International mission to Libya has collected numerous testimonies.

David (for reasons of safety, real name and the place where the events took place are concealed), a Nigerian citizen aged 42, was arrested last August without warrant by a group of militiamen in uniform. They caught him with sticks, beat him with rifle butts and shot him in the leg to bring it in a detention center. One December night, he was dragged out of his cell, handcuffed to a fence and beaten with a rubber hose. “I lived and worked in many countries, but Libya is the worst. You do not know who is the police, who are these armed gangs, there is no one to help you “- says David.

In another detention center, a citizen of Chad, after more than two months, still visible on his back the marks of the beating he had been subjected with wooden sticks and metal bars. They punished, he said, because he tried to escape. His cell mates told that the guards often beat them up for the “errors”, as asking medicines, complaining about the lack of hygiene or solicit information on their legal fate. In May, a Nigerian citizen was beaten to death.

Despite the evidence on the climate of violence against migrants are known in sub-Saharan countries of origin, the desperation and the need to escape from poverty continue to push many of them to enter Libya. The routes to cross the southern border are two: one that passes Sabha, for those coming from West Africa, and by Kufra for who coming from the Horn of Africa and Sudan.

The travel tales are terrible: abandoned by smugglers in the desert without a compass and miles away from the nearest town, makes us continue the journey on foot under the sun.

A woman from Cameroon, 24 years, two weeks after he entered Libya, was arrested by a group of militiamen in civilian clothes because they had no entry visa. In prison he was forced to do heavy work, like to download the boxes of ammunition.

A fellow prisoner of Mali has been likened to “a modern day slave” forced to work, covered with racial slurs and beaten for “disobeying” the leaders.

In other detention centers, migrants arrested were “recruited” by an employer to end up breaking their backs without pay or with pay less than agreed. The round of money is great. A senior official in Benghazi has admitted that the detention centers for illegal migrants has become a business.

As can be imagined, the Libyan institutions are not present here. One of the many detention centers run by the militias is to Gharyan. We have amassed 1000 nationals, including women and children from Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan and other countries. In large part, were arrested at a roadblock as they tried to reach the capital Tripoli, 100 miles north.

Libya does not recognize the right of asylum and has to sign the UN Convention on the Status of Refugees. This means that asylum seekers are treated as illegal migrants.

The directors of detention centers say they know that the people of Eritrea and Somalia can not be returned to their country. But there is a uniform procedure to be applied to protect them.

A Gharyan, for example, the Eritreans and Somalis are released when their embassies have confirmed their nationality and have signed a “certificate”: a profound contradiction, given that these are people fleeing political persecution. Once outside, it is likely to be arrested again: in that case, says the director, there is the freedom upon payment of a deposit of 1000 dinars. And who pays them? No money, no freedom.

As during the Gaddafi regime, Europe turned its back on the other side when it considers appropriate to denounce violations of human rights in Libya. Just Tripoli maintains its role as controller of the flows of migrants and refugees.


Source: Italian Article by Il Fatto Quotidiano
by Riccardo Noury