Tag Archives: France

Franco-Chinese common investments in Africa come true.

27 Nov

Tuesday, November 15 President Francois Hollande and Chinese Vice-Prime Minister Francois Hollande signed financial agreements to turn into reality the Franco-Chinese Partnership in Third Markets Declaration signed during the visit to Paris of People’s Republic of China Prime Minister State of Affairs: Li Keqiuang on July 2, 2015. The Partnership will promote co-financing and implementation of joint projects carried out through by French and Chinese transnational companies joint ventures. Projects focus on Asian countries but especially on African continent. The investment will be concentrated in various sectors from the high finance to infrastructures.

Mr. Kai has come to Paris with a strong delegation from China Communist Party Central Committee to sign the contract to create the financing structure of this unprecedented partnership between two historical enemies that for over a decade have severely clashed for the monopoly of African markets. 3,000 m euro have been deposited by the respective central banks in to the CDC International Capital saves, a French financial institution controlled by bank group Caisse des Depots. This is an initial capital destined to reach the two billion euro by 2020. To achieve this goal the governments in Paris and Beijing intend to involve in the initiative of private financial institutions in their respective countries

The economic partnership agreements for the Asian and African markets is based on three principles.

1. The dominant role of private enterprises with the support of public authorities. Companies will be the main players in commercial and industrial partnerships in third countries. They will be subject to the respect of international law, international practices and relevant commercial principles, as well as the laws and regulations of France, China and third countries. Governments will support their private companies providing guidance and coordination to create an enabling environment and conditions for business partnerships.

2. Equal partnership and win-win cooperation. France and China want to contribute to structuring projects for local economies, strengthening their “connectivity” and supporting regional integration. This targets are vital in order to create a win-win situation where benefits will be shared with third Countries in order to avoid popular unrests and develop national economies to create more and better market opportunities for France and China enterprises.

3. Complementarity, mutual benefits, openness and inclusiveness. France and China will engage in partnerships based on their productive, technical and / or financial complementarities. They will encourage their companies to go beyond the traditional subcontracting schemes to give way to new formulas for co-production, co-production and co-financing. In addition to the private sectors, projects in third markets may be carried out by public and semi-public financial institutions and companies. Open to other countries and international and regional organizations, these partnerships could be sought potentially in all regions of the world. Nevertheless, priority will be given to Asia and Africa.

IV. France and China partnership intend to cooperate in the following areas:

1. In the fields of infrastructure and energy, promote environmentally friendly industrial partnerships between Chinese and French companies in third markets. French and Chinese companies will be encouraged to support the development of regional interconnections and the strengthening of the private sector in Europe, Africa and Asia. With regard to cooperation in the field of civil nuclear energy, these fall within the scope of the joint declaration on nuclear energy adopted on 30 June 2015.

2. Support the entry into third country markets of civil aircraft manufactured jointly by France and China.

3. In the field of transport, make the most of the respective strengths in order to strengthen co-operation in the field of high-rail and urban railway, study and discuss regions and potential co-operation. China has already lunch a serial of railway projects that will link several African Countries, increasing the regional economic integration. The railway Ethiopia – Djibouti will permit to Addis Ababa to have an access to the sea, lost after Eritrea secession. This will boom Ethiopian economy and will reduce the present border conflict dangerous situation with Eritrea that has create a war and several minor border military confrontation in the recent past. Another inter regional railways project is focus to link several East African Countries: Uganda, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania. The main objective is to assure a rapid and cheapest transport of goods linked to East Africa Community economic integration project that will support the political and social regional integration. Chinese East Africa railway network may have positive impact on regional peace. Through the market link increment several regional underground conflict may be mitigate by common economic interests between East Africa Countries. At the moment is not clear if French companies will joint these mega railways projects or will limit to participate only to new railways project in the Continent.

4. In the agricultural sector, France and China desire to make full use of the respective industrial and technical strengths to intensify bilateral cooperation in favor of food security, food safety and agricultural training with a sustainable integrating economic development approach. They hope to increase third Countries environmental performance and common wealth. Specific sectors such as animal husbandry, crop production, and issues such as agro-ecology, agricultural mechanization, rural energy can be the subject of enhanced cooperation. Paris and Beijing are intentioned to straight knowledge cooperation in agricultural with training and scientific research in order to assist developing Countries in raising the level of agricultural production and achieving the sustainable development of agriculture and agri-food industry.

In this sector the two international partners have at the moment different approach. France utilize agricultural investment in Africa to improve French companies expansion on international markets exporting African products with the advantage of free trade agreements between Africa and Europe. These agreements are mainly facilitate French companies that can export in European markets agricultural raw products or agro alimentary products without pay custom taxes. This is artificially increasing French companies competitive advantage respect European agriculture companies that are concentrate their business in Europe. China is more focus to create a strong agricultural market in Africa with the hope to monopolize it for further huge profits. The integration between these two fundamental different business approach will be the mainly problem to resolve in order to assure win-win opportunities in the sector.

5. In the health field, France and China will fight together against emerging infectious diseases and major epidemics. French and Chinese pharmaceutical industry will actively participate in the analysis of epidemics and the sharing of information. Strengthening collaboration in these areas will have a positive impact on the third Countries only if inclusive and efficient public health systems will be assured to the population by African governments. If not French and Chinese health investments will be profit to private hospital industries in East Africa monopolized by Indian corporations.

6. In the area of combating climate change, France and China wish to explore the possibility of establishing several projects in third Countries, in particular in developing countries, in the field of renewable energies. Energy efficiency, prevention, alert and disaster reduction will be the core of the intervention. France and China welcome and support efforts to accelerate the development of renewable energy in Africa and developing countries in the run-up to COP21 and COP22.

7. The finance and insurance sectors may facilitate the establishment of partnerships between French and Chinese companies in third countries, in particular: encouraging partnerships between Chinese and French financial institutions in accordance with market principles and multilateral practices; establish mechanisms for regular dialogue and information sharing among these institutions; actively develop cooperation modalities such as co-financing, parallel loans, equity investments, risk-sharing and technical assistance; develop the use of innovative financing instruments involving public and private funds in the framework of cooperation projects. The common objective is to foster the creation of a fair and open governance framework and business climate for the investment projects concerned. France and China intend to straight financial cooperation with third-party institutions in order to diversify sources of financing and provide necessary financing facilities for common industrial projects. Financial and insurance cooperation may stop the development of finance and insurance African companies now days mainly controlled by Islamic institution in North Africa, Nigeria financing holding in West Africa and Kenyan and South African bank system in East and South Africa. African financial holding lobbies may force African governments to impose nationalistic measures to protect local finance environment under menace by French and Chinese financial holdings.

Both international partner underline the importance of the Franco-Chinese High-Level Economic and Financial Dialogue and other mechanisms of dialogue and cooperation between France and China at the multilateral and bilateral level. Their interactions and coordination with international organizations, including the UN, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the regional multilateral development banks, in particular the new Asian Investment Bank (AIIB), should be enhanced and enhanced. in order to associate them with cooperation projects in third markets. French and Chinese companies will be encouraged to actively discuss opportunities to jointly response to international calls for tenders.

The Franco Chinese economic alliance if will be consolidated, is destinate to become one of the key players for productive investments in Africa. An alliance that will force Paris and Beijing to review their foreign policies on the Continent. They will be discussed all the antagonistic or unclear positions regarding relations with African countries. The two world powers will have to find compromises and common policies towards issues such Zimbabwe and Burundi. Two Countries where France and China foreign policies are currently deep different.

For France, the Franco Chinese Partnership in Third Markets implementation is a way out of the political and military logic of confrontation with the Red Dragon. A logic which is gradually moving away from trade wars and military conflicts virtually unsustainable for Parsi. For China, this alliance represents a rare opportunity to break the western front against the Chinese expansion in Africa. It’s an unexpected opportunity to access to advanced technologies. This economic agreement will permit China to slow down its very expensive military engagement in Africa. Military efforts already evident with the military cooperation agreements with Djibouti that will permit China to open its first military base in Africa. Chinese military engagement in Africa is underlined too by the first Chinese military adventure in South Sudan (2014) that is turning into a resounding failure inserted into the failure of the peacekeeping operation of the United Nations.

The Paris Beijing Financial economic axis represents a break on the policy of secret wars promoted in the last twenty years by the Bush, Clinton, Obama administrations to contain China’s advanced in Africa. Policy that will likely be maintained by the newly elected president Donald Trump. At the moment, no official reaction from the White House has been reported. The American Berlusconi is engaged in the creation of the presidential team.

The Paris Beijing axis is also a France obvious lack of confidence on European Union foreign policy of the. A foreign policy that has never managed to become common but always entrusted to guide European Power interests: Great Britain, France, Germany. With BREXIT earthquake (very favorable for Africa) and the end of the axis Berlin – Paris, France is forced to support alone the necessity to continue French African colonies domination. Colonies increasingly rebellious.

Africa is vital to prevent the French economic collapse. In face of the European Union economic treaties – Africa failure Paris seem determinate to straight the alliance with Red Dragon in order to don’t lose Africa natural resources forever. An alliance that will bring to France concrete benefits in the medium term but will increase China’s power in the world. A long-term alliance that could benefit the Asian power only.

The Paris Beijing axis can represent certain advantages for African countries. First of all the reduction of instability and conflicts created by Western powers for geopolitical domination reasons, the downsizing of the French colonial role in Africa and the possibility of access to alternative investment fonts to World Bank and IMF. These benefits will only last a few decades if the African Union will not be able to exploit foreign partners to start their own industrial revolution, strengthen the continental union process and stood on international arena as the fourth independent political and economic center. Failure to reach these target will put Africa at risk to be crushed by the imperialist logic of old and new colonial powers.

Fulvio Beltrami
Journalist, Uganda


Libya. Five years of Western Chaos

4 Nov

The Arab Spring in Tunisia and Egypt affected Libya internal stability. Protest against Colonel Muammar Gaddafi regime erupted on February 2011, brutally crushed by the army. The force used by Gaddafi and Western interferences will soon create a dramatic civil war ended on October 20, 2011 when Libyan leader was caught and shot dead by Libyan National Transitional Council militia with the active support of French Intelligence services.

Nowadays Libya, former developed African Country and leader of Pan African Movement, is a country torn apart and divided, with to governments fighting between them and claiming the control of the Nation. The real Libya’s owner are local militias (ISIL DAESH included) that have power of live and death over the population of the areas they control. Economy is collapsed. GDP shrank by 10.2% in 2015 adding to the 24% collapse in 2014. Production of crude oil fell to the lowest level on record since the 1970s: around 0,4 million barrels par day. Western Power (Italy included) are nowadays engaged with air bombardment and military interferences in order to support Libyan factions. A Somali scenario repeated with incredible stupidity wisped the dramatic western mistakes that transformed Somali civil war erupted on 1991 in an eternal conflict with terrorist international complications.

As we assist in Somalia on 1993, Libyan local militias strategies and objectives are became oppose to the ones promoted by Western powers, transforming Libya in an African Syria. A battlefield between different imperialist and regional powers. A war without end that has full involved US. Libya should be added to disastrous adventure in Iraq and Afghanistan. In all these countries the Pax Americans has not established and the masses pay the heavy bill of American failure. Libyan situation is so negative for US foreign policy that President Barak Obama has considered 2011 Western intervention the worst mistake ever made by his Administration. U.S., France and Britain destroyed the old state apparatus in Libya creating a dangerous empty space fulfilled by Al-Qaeda and DAESH militias. What Obama did not take into account was the situation impossible to manage created by the role plaid by tribal rivalries that were temporally balance during Gaddafi’s rule.

Different actors are inside to Libyan drama. U.S., France, Britain, Italy, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Qatar, Turkey. All attracted by the strategic position of this North African country with its shores on the Mediterranean Sea very close to Europe. A North African country really reach: 38% of African continent’s oli and 11% of European consumption. The government of Tripoli is supported by Qatar and Turkey. The Tobruk government, recognized by U.N and E.U, is supported by Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Arab Emirates. DAESH forces still control Derna and Sierte surrounding areas. International alarms grown after the serious influence of Islamic State in Libya. In order to resolve the problem U.N. and Western Powers pushed for a national unity government against terrorism treat. The Government of National Agreement (GNA) under Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj control was created on March 30 of this year. A really weak government that has increase the conflict in the country. GNA was immediately boycotted by several former ministers, tribes and clans. Al-Serraj has been transformed in the most weak African Prime minister from the very first day of his election. Living condition of Libyan population dropped dramatically fulfill the ranges of local militias and terrorists groups. Al-Serraj’s government is still alive only thank to West support. In reality Al-Serraj has no real power but a virtual surrogate of it.

On August 2016 a new chapter in Libyan civil war has opened with US involvement. Bombing Sirte was an American decision that has make worst the situation. 330 US Air-Forces strike have not facilitated Sirte fall. Al-Baghdadi militia are still able to offer a fierce resistance. Sirte was Gaddagi’s hometown very well protected. To assure the conquer of Sirte there are need of ground troops. There is no national army in Libya so the ground troops must come from African countries or Western Powers. African Union, Arab Liguea, U.N. Europe and U.S. are showing the total absence of direct military intervention willing. They prefer to support the different Libyans militias in a never ending proxy war. The eternal battle for Sirte has weakest Al-Serraj government meantime other players are taking advantage of the situation.

Tobruk strongman General Khalifa Haftar, control Sidra and Ras lanuf oil terminals recently conquer. Haftar General is supported ny Egypt and France. French special forces are military active in Cyrenaica, regione lagerly controlled by Haftar General. Several Africans analysts consider unlikely that in the current situation Haftar will be able to restart oil production. Anyway Sidra and Ras Ianuf oil terminals and refineries are powerful weapons in his and that increase his influence over future negations about power division in Libya. GNA government has just miraculously survive to Khalifa al-Ghwell militias coupt attempt in Tripoli. Al-Ghwell strike was so determinate to force Prime Minister Al-Serray to hiding to a secret location in Tunisia. Western power have take for granted that Al-Serray is at the end of his days. Now are forced to increase their military presence in the region under usual justification of fighting Islamic terrorism.

France is one of the most active powers in this scenario. Last July, the GNA issued a protest where considering the French presence in Libya’s eastern region as a breach of international norms and sovereignty. France ignored that protest and increased its presence, a fact exposed by the crash of an airplane in Malta last Monday. At least three passengers were members of French intelligence heading for Libya.”, explain Roberto Sarti, a marxist Italian activist and expert over Libya issues.

Italy, the former colonial power, is trying not to be excluded from the division of the booty. In September they sent 300 soldiers to Libya, with “humanitarian” intentions, of course. The Italians are planning to build a military hospital in Misrata, and the official task of the troops will be “to protect the premises.” In reality they are going to protect their local proxies in Misrata and in the siege of Sirte. Not everybody is happy with the Italian initiative. The Zintani Brigade (a militia that, when it changed sides, was crucial in the fall of Gaddafi) declared that it would “not stand idly by and will face any invader with all our might,” and “we call on all Libyans to stay united and prepare to fight the new Italian invasion of our land.”

As Mr. Sarti describes the situation in Libya is assuming the character of a long a protracted civil war. An Western crime make possible by the passivity of African Union to resolve Continental issues alone, imposing democracy and human rights respect in autonomy way even with the use of African military force. The only A.U. attempt to resolve African crisis is in Somalia, where African troops AMISOM are fighting Al-Shabaab and DAESH militias, under Uganda command. A fight weakened by the withdraw of Ethipian troops decided by Addis Abeba government in order to face Oromo rebellion.

Fulvio Beltrami

Freelance Journalist

Terrorist attack in Paris. The direct consequence of the colonial policy.

15 Nov

The night of November 14 will be remembered as the nightmare of Paris. Simultaneous attacks at various strategic points of the French capital have cost the loss of 128 people, according to the information provided, unfortunately still incomplete. The terrorists have chosen places famous for its nightlife, tourist places extremely crowded. They chose the Friday night where people come out at the end of a working week for fun and relaxation. Even the 128 victims were out to have fun but never returned home. They are now in the morgue waiting to be recognized by their family. Even President Francois Hollande has escaped death and taken away immediately. The entire nation is in shock. The French government has proven to be vulnerable to terrorist attacks. The same vulnerability that French experts have always criticized to Kenyan government unable to defend his citizen from the attacks of the Somali Islamist group Al-Shabaab …

The terrorists could choose bomb blasts that make many more casualties. Instead they chose to enjoy the French to a terrific urban warfare, the same war that has been experimented for years in Syria, Libya, Mali, Central African Republic, all countries in which the French interferences are obvious. They forced the west colonial power to declare a state of national emergency, closing borders, suspend all flights. Extreme measures that not even the United States took after the attack of September 11th. Measures that reveal the extreme vulnerability of France. In the coming days we will witness the usual theatre, a real insult to the victims and their families. Experts will explain to us the danger of Islam. Honest Muslims will be forced to differentiate themselves from the terrorism and ISIL DAESH. Yet another humiliation for them as it should now be clear to every intelligent persone that ISIL or Al-Qaeda have nothing to do with the Islamic religion. Right parties will take advantage to increase Islamophobia and the French government will be sworn to increase efforts in the war against terrorism, perhaps trying to destroy the Assad regime in Syria, historic bulwark against terrorism in the region …

Will see a thousand reconstructions of Parish attacks and thousand of conspiracy theories appear like mushrooms adding confusion to the confusion and turning the truth in an interpretation. No one and I mean no one, however, will point to the French people that the attack in Paris is the direct consequence of the imperial policy of their government. A policy in which 128 victims of Paris are multiplied by thousand. Since the fall of Berlin Wall, France has embarked on an aggressive and criminal foreign policy aimed at defending the French economy that for at least 48 per cent is based on the robbery of its African colonies. Given the state of servitude in which the French-speaking African countries pay against France the term “former colonies” is an unbearable euphemism and its use a mystification of reality. In 1994 Paris helped organize and carry out the genocide in Rwanda.When events took an unexpected turn, the victory of the Rwandan Patriotic Front, Paris even sent his soldiers. The operation Tourqoise, disguised as humanitarian operation, had the task of saving Rwandan genocidal army, to reorganize it in near Zaire (now DRC) and launch the reconquers Rwanda.

This bailout set the stage for the first pan African war in DR Congo. From the bloody Sept. 12, 1996 when the Rwandan and Ugandan troops invaded Zaire to end the genocidal Rwandan forces backed by France, the richest country in the world inhabited by good people are no longer in peace. We condemned 52 million people to live in an eternal nightmare of low intensity wars, poverty, corruption, dictatorships, and systematic violation of human rights. The Central African Republic was under threat from France in 2003 to put in power the “friend” government led by General Francois Bozize.

After few years also Bozize became unreliable for Paris and in 2012 France supported the rebel coalition called Seleka to contrast it to the government Bozize. This is a bunch of Islamic extremists who demonstrated their inability to govern the country with President Michel Djotodia. Again the French strategists were forced to find other workforce: the Christian extremists Anti Balaka who made a terrible ethnic cleansing of the Muslim minority in the country. Now the Central African Republic is led by a puppet government headed by a president never elected: Charterine Samba-Panza and a chaos of death everlasting. All serious responsibility carefully hidden by the French Government.

In Mali France has funded the Islamic rebels in the north to break down another African president no longer to their liking, plunging the country into a civil war that has lasted since 2012. In Côte d’Ivoire they have even implemented a direct coup against a president who had really won the election: Laurent Gagbo replacing them with their man, Alassane Ouattara. Officially a respected former IMF officer. Actually a warlord leader of the “New Forces” with too many crimes against humanity carefully hidden by him and his Parisians accomplices. French did not appreciate Burkina Faso democratic revolution that brought down the regime of their friend Campaoré that gave to Paris a gift thirty years before: to assassinate of Thomas Sankara. Fortunately the coup organized by France in Burkina Faso last September has failed and the democratic process in the African country continues despite Paris.

To the east of Congo, Goma, capital of North Kivu, from 2013 French military instructors are training Rwandan terrorist group FDLR, what has now come to power in Burundi. France, through FDLR attempts from twenty years to regain Rwanda. They never forgave two things to Paul Kagame: to finishing the French rule in the region and to have rebuilt Rwanda. The list of crimes committed in Africa by the French government is so long it would take to write an essay. Its multinational corporations control entire African countries as the nuclear multinational AREVA that is the real government in Niger. French intelligence in 2014 have provided weapons to the Nigerian terrorist group Boko Haram to weaken Nigeria, regional economic power. The Raffalle combat fly helped to bring down the regime of Gaddafi in Libya, giving to Libyan people a mediaeval era of violence and Islamic extremism.

France, based on ideals of French revolution, betrayed already in the Napoleonic era, hides an imperialism based on the concept of superiority and the deep contempt for “indigenous” population and human life value. The history of French colonialism is not a civilization mission to distant primitive peoples, as the official history teaches. It is a story of murder, genocide, and slavery. The least known but most hiding example was the fate of Haiti. When the Caraiban isle won its independence France demanded 150 million francs for lost of salve and land. They also demanded this money because they claimed they trained the Haitians via slavery. When French understood Haiti inability to pay the absurd debt this was reduced to 90 milions francs to be piad over a period of 30 years. Haiti refused to pay its oppressor so French asked to U.S. to invade Haiti in 1915 and enforced this debts. Haiti never recovered from this crime against humanity.

In Syria, the goal is the same. The regime of Bashar Al-Assad has always served as a brake on Islamic extremism in the region but for five years, France is at the forefront to foment its collapse. The initial Syrian opposition was soon replaced by a myriad of Islamic terrorist groups up to the present day where the ranks of the rebels count 72 per cent of foreign mercenaries transforming Sirian liberation war in a war of foreign invasion . Despite the example of what happened in Libya after the fall of Gaddafi, French is at the forefront of continuing to supply the Syrian conflict without even thinking what it will be Syria and the entire Middle East after the fall of Assad .

Jihadists who join the French ISIL – DAESH belong to the urban underclass of North African origin to which every French government prevented always work and dignity. Various surveys have shown that these desperate young people are encouraged by the French secret service to join the ISIL. An estimated 1,500 young French people of North African origin have joined the DAESH after a period of three months of military training in Turkey. It’s well documented too the triangulations of weapons to the Syrian rebels who, unlucky, are mostly Muslim extremists.

The terrorist attack in Paris is a direct result of this foreign policy of death and destruction. A policy which Westerners refuse to recognize it as such, but that Africans and Arabs pay every single day the heavy toll. The attack in Paris demonstrated the unrealistic belief of the French Government to be able to dispense terror in the world in order to maintain political and economic supremacy without paying the consequences. The French government has not understood clearly that you can not export wars, violence, death and destruction throughout the world and hope that your country will remain immune from the blind violence and the spirit of revenge.

The French policy in the Middle East has contributed to the expansion of terrorism and the attack of Paris is its direct consequence. France knew yesterday that we live in Syria for five years. “Says the Syrian President in a statement to the news agency Sana. “Our choices of war we are presenting the account of years of violence and destruction. What we see happening in Europe for years is happening in Afghanistan, in Iraq, in Syria. Rights, democracy and freedom are the only way to break the circle of violence and terror” This is the thought of the founder of Italian humanitarian agency Emergency, Mr. Gino Strada published on Facebook.

Paris terrorist attack is also the result of a schizophrenic policy of the French government with regard to Islam (the second religion in the country) and the Muslim community in France. Most French citizens of North African origin are standard “D” suspected of being all potential terrorists. Three thousand French citizens are in prison because of these suspicions. Fifty refugees of Arab origin are under house arrest for more than seven years without French justice has ever begun serious inquiries to see if they really are terrorists or if they are innocent. Pathetic to remember that that this is against the most basic civil rights. Often the suspects are under arrest by anonymous complaints how illustrates a report submitted a week on TV5 Monde: “Persecuted for their faith.”

Simultaneously with this blind repression we are witnessing of an incomprehensible tolerance of radical Islam in France. In the last three years French government has allowed the installation in France of 5000 Imam from Qatar and Saudi Arabia, countries well known to fund international terrorism. Thanks to Saudis funds these Imams in France have create several terrorism centres subjecting their extremist ideologies the poor and marginalized Nord African communities. This religious extremism are gradually replacing the true Islam making vain efforts of religious leaders who intend to teach young people the true Islamic values which Hassen Chalghoumi. Tunisian-born is the president of the cultural association of Muslims: Drancy and he promotes among other activities dialogue between Muslims and Jews.

To win the terrorism and barbarity we must turn the page and stop the ideology of absolute domination of the West. United States, France, Germany and other Western powers must realize that it is more humane, intelligent and economic became partner with the emerging powers and other countries to ensure peace, stability and coexistence in the world. We need to stop the hateful propaganda against Islam by associating it to terrorism that is alien to the Muslim religion. A terrorism that we have invented, when Americans warlords decided to create Al Qaeda to fight the Soviets in Afghanistan in the eighties. Even ISIL DAESH was created by us. Before this group was identified as a good weapon against the Assad regime, it was almost insignificant. Now holds a caliphate in Syria and Iraq becoming a threat to Africa and Europe. It is a urgent rethinking Western policy in the Middle East.

We need a different attitude to see the containment of the Israeli aggressive policy and recognized the need to dissociate ourself from the Arab monarchies main financiers of international terrorism promoting a process of democratization in the Arabian Peninsula. This attitude is not desirable but essential step to ensure security in Europe. Ultimately it is necessary to overcome Western ambiguity in relations with the Muslim world and Africa in general. An ambiguity that is the real cause of these tragedies. Send the aircraft carrier “Charles de Gaulle” in the Middle East to fight the Islamic State will serve to worsen the situation. The warship will leave French ports on November 18 and they are serious doubts that it will not be used against DAESH terrorists but against the Assad regime, with serious risk for world peace since the Russian military presence in Syria.

A different approach towards the Western world is required as the war on terror can not be won by a simple and tragic reason: Islamic terrorism is still considered by some western powers as the best weapon to destabilize countries “enemies” that these are Syria or Nigeria, it does not matter. But this weapon is uncontrollable, as the atomic bomb. The terrorist kill the enemy but also their  friends. They agrees to do the dirty work for us, but they developed own political agenda that inevitably leads to rebel against their godparents. For two years several Western experts warn of the danger sendig mercenaries to swell the ranks of the ISIL against Assad. For two years these experts, branded by Cassandre cursed, they said: “attention than them formed on the battlefields of the Middle East, will come back to us to sow death” Governments laughed at them. Now they are forced to impose a state of emergency in their national territory ..

Unfortunately, this change cannot be seen in the short term. It can be glimpsed only a spiral of violence where every terrorist attack will be revenged by drone attacks and the criminalization of Islam. French victims will be avenged by killing other Arab victims. Both civilians, both innocents. Western governments push us to the intellectual and moral barbarism, until create a public outrage on the victims western and a terrifying and brutal indifference to the thousands of Arab and African victims of an imperial policy of Western governments that they smell little of democracy in this historical period.

Islam is the enemy number one for the West white propaganda machine is repeating to us. Yet this demonized religion never accepted or justified horrible acts such as those committed daily by ISIL DAESH, our creature (I repeat) that surpassed for savagery and barbarism even Al-Qaeda. Few remind us that 95% of the victims of Islamic terrorists “These victims are Muslims who oppose the terrorism madness often paying with their lives.” As noted in our sleeping consciences Soufiane Malouni Arab activist who lives in Rome.

By contrast, Western governments stop your eyes on the propaganda of racial and religious hatred that various media and associations of ultra right spread with the target to exacerbate the situation. A crude propaganda, zany, identical to that of Radio Mille Collines or the newspaper Kangura during the genocide in Rwanda in 1994. And what about the director of Italian news agency ANSA that appeals to Western values? But which values is talking about? Democracy, justice, human rights? Since long time ago these values are ignored because the dominant Western value is only one: the god of money. That God that leads us to consider Saudi Arabia as our best ally and to offer the annual presidency of the Commission for Human Rights of the United Nations. A country ruled by a brutal and medieval dynasty where women are stoned and gay beheaded in the public square. A state terrorist hotbed of the worst Islamist groups, including ISIL.

The director of ANSA perhaps believes that the West and the white man were invented. Our lineage descends from the human race has only one origin: Africa. Our culture is contaminated mostly by Islam that during the Middle Ages gave Europe the best existing civilization. Our own Catholic religion is not a European religion. We believed in gods: Zeus, Jupiter, Odin. The Catholic religion has the same Abrahamic origin of Islamic and Jewish. Three religions born in the Middle East, not in Europe.

The terrorist attack in Paris again showed our vile hypocrisy. An hour after the attack President Obama declared his solidarity and condemned the act. The same president who took eight months to condemn the genocidal plans in place in Burundi. Eight months in which thousands of civilians were massacred in Burundi brutally under the indifference of the international community. It took the clear intentions of genocide pronounced by the regime to understand the danger. When the ISIL has shot down the Russian aircraft in the Sinai Western media were quiet and Western governments perhaps complacent. Palestinian victims have become a nuisance to be avoided as Syrian ones. This is the Western culture to accept? A culture that creates racial differences even over the victims, ethnic hatred and promises of more violence? If this is the Western culture all this nus be abjured with clear determination.

Unfortunately there will be no change on the horizon. We will see more deaths in the West because we are not capable of understanding the evil we have generated and how to stop it. An inability that devours us from the inside along with our decadent society starts at sunset. While the 128 victims will be buried in the cemeteries of Paris is still alive insult paradox of their president in a photo taken last May to wield the scimitar of conquest in Saudi Arabia, the state par excellence sponsors of international terrorism. During his visit the French military industry concluded good business. Seems so…

Fulvio Beltrami
Freelance journalist
Kampala, Uganda

It is not terrorism. The war came to Europe

14 Nov

African Voices is on the side of the French people, but not the French government. We do not support the aggressive policy of this term of the French, but even of the previous one and neither of those before.

Let us briefly analyze what happened:
France uses force across the African strip from Senegal to Sudan, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania … and in North Africa as in Libya, that if today is a pile of rubble is mainly thanks to them.

In the Middle East, France is in Syria for a long time, unofficially. There, as in Iraq and Afghanistan have (with others including Italy) devastated countries, causing millions of civilian casualties, but this is called war, while the last night in Paris would be called terrorism. le’ts call it with the real name. thit is war on both sides plain and simple. The pain of today, of the French people and of the world is the same pain that millions of people continue to suffer… civilians that under the bombs of the planes that hit the barracks and military targets, but also schools, universities and hospitals…

Today many will put their on their facebook boards the French flag and iconic landmarks like the Eiffel Tower because the shape resembles the symbol of peace, good.

But if the civilian victims of France and of the coalition forces in the Middle East and Africa are millions, and the victims of their rapes and their pedophilia, are silenced, why we never see symbols of peace and compassion for these people ? No military or militia, but peoples.
Where is the “civil society” if there ever was one. May be out of context for us when the war hits our home or when it hits elsewhere, far away,this does not concern us?

I hope that Europe and the US in it’s very very large form may sit at a table with those who have always attacked and that a rise up from their seats sort out this kind of situation.. because only the peaceful solution for all parties..can allow a long lasting peace.
Otherwise, does no need to be a genius to understand that violence breeds violence in an escalation that began 30 years ago and that the vortex would be terrible for everyone, no ethnic groups and no race.

written by Editor
African Voices

translation by Giancarlo Sankara Calabria

Nigeria. Boko Haram terrorist emergency. Interview with Enza Guccione, an Italian nun leaving in Nigeria.

2 Lug

It was a change to do a detailed interview about Boko Haram terrorist emergency with Enza Guccione, an Italian nun who has been living in Southern Nigeria for 18 years.

Sister Enza moved to Nigeria in 1996 and is currently looking after the community of Igbedor, a river island between Kogi State and Anambra State.

In 2009, sister Enza contributed to the creation of the Emmanuel Childrenland Nursery/Primary School in Igbedor, where about 400 children attend lessons. In the same year she and the bishop of Onitsha, Southern Nigeria, founded the NGO Emmanuel Family, aimed at providing humanitarian assistance to the people of Igbedor.

Drawing on her years of experience in the country, Sister Enza thinks Boko Haram is the result of Nigeria’s internal instability, politicians’ lack of effort to promote the country’s development and international interferences mostly originated by U.S. and European Union.

Sister Enza, how long have you been living in Nigeria and what do you there?

I have been living in Nigeria for 18 years. I dedicate myself to the care of Igbedor, a Niger’s river island between Kogi State and Anambra State. This island has been forgotten by the local government, by religious institutions (we are the only nuns who live on this island). The mission I run aims at alleviating people’s sufferings by improving education and the water system.

Here, there are about 5000 children, aged 0 to 12, according a 2005 census. There are no schools, no hospitals, no electricity and no drinkable water. The closest city is 4-5 hours by boat.

What is you personal experience of the Boko Haram’s insurgence in Northern Nigeria?

I am very sad due to Boko Haram ’s attacks, which cause the death of many innocents. They also cause political destabilisation in a country which is so rich of natural resources that could be compared (from an economical standpoint) to some Western countries.

Boko Haram’s civil war aims at sparking a religious war – as we are witnessing in Central African Republic’s conflict – are they succeeding? What is the position of the Catholic Church and other christian churches?
I don’t think the insurgents are engaging in a religious war. There are no Muslims taking up arms against Christians or vice-versa. Christians live together with the Muslim minority in the south-west of the country…days go by serenely.

Christians and Muslims live in the same cities, go to the same markets. Their children go to the same schools. The Church has not perceived any imminent danger to Christians. We are very sad due to the terrorism which keeps claiming innocent lives and tries to take control of the country.

If there was a religious war, Boko Haram would have focuses their attacks in the south-west of Nigeria, instead of the north, so close to Ciad, Niger and Cameroon – where the inhabitants are mainly Muslims.

Does Boko Haram receive support from the Muslim population?

There are Muslims in Igbedor, they do not approve Boko Haram’s attacks. They define the insurgents as “paid assassins” without any political or religious agenda. This is also what many Christians from Anambra e Kogi believe.

How do you explain that Boko Haram’s main victims are Muslim from Northern Nigeria?

I think it is just a case that Boko Haram is targeting the Muslim population who lives in the north. If there were Christians there, it would be the same. I think the insurgents are targeting the north because it is a strategic area for them to carry out the attacks and then escape near the borders with Chad, Niger and Cameroon, where it is difficult to locate them.

It is surprising to note that the areas where they stay are highly circumscribed. A few years ago the insurgents tried to reach Bayelsa, in the south, but militias from the Delta stopped them. Since then, they have been staying in the north-west of Nigeria.

How is daily life in the north, where people fear Boko Haram’s attacks?

Living in the south, I can only imagine how people live in the north. Their life is constantly threatened by a possible explosion which could happen any minute, in every place, especially in schools, at local markets, on the streets and even in religious places. This situation creates panic, diffidence, tensions, rebellions and aggressive behaviours between people who will try to protect themselves and will stop trusting others.

What are the dangers of associating Boko haram to Islam?

I think that associating Boko Haram to Islam gives strength to extremists: this gives them more attention and helps them to emerge as a power that has to be feared.

Can you confirm there are foreign jihadists inside Boko Haram?

Yes, I believe Boko Haram are foreign jihadists who are recruited and paid together with other Nigerians, who are used as informers.

According to American journalist Glen Ford, Boko Haram is just “a brand” used by almost 100 Islamist terror groups. Ford also thinks Boko Haram are supported by the US, France, the UK and by the Arab monarchies, to interfere with Nigeria’s economic and political life. Do you agree?

Boko Haram was defeated many years ago. It is now just a brand, behind which terrorism (Islamic and non) hides and tries to destabilise the country. This brand is supported by big world powers which provide weapons to terrorist who, otherwise, could not afford.

I am more than sure that behind all the wars in Africa, as in Latin America, there are world superpowers and their interest in natural resources available in such continents.

It is convenient that Africans kill each other while the West keeps stealing oil, diamonds, cobalt from them.

What do you think about the fact that Nigeria’s President Goodluck Jonathan accepted the US’ help to find more than 200 missing girls and that, after more three motnhs, the girls have not yet been found and Boko Haram carried out another mass abduction of 91 people in some villages in Borno State between Thursday 19 June and Sunday 21 June?

I don’t know what led Jonathan to accept the US’ help to find the missing girls. In this situation of chaos, it is difficult for the president to understand the right thing to do, especially if he is alone.

I believe that the US, throughout history, have tried to dominate the whole world. If their strategic abilities and energies were used for good things – like to guarantee the world’s development – that would honour the US and would destroy any discrimination in favour of a more just world.

Unfortunately superpowers are like babies, they want to show up their skills and dominate the weak ones.

I think that only united Nigerians can free their nation from the current situation and from new forms of slavery.

I think the new attacks and kidnaps will end only if Jonathan is not re-elected and he is substituted by a president able to collaborate with the West, forgetting national interests.

This scenario, in my opinion, is “corruption” and innocent people will pay the price.

According to Glen Ford, the popular movement Bring Backs Our Girls – created by the missing girls’ parents – would have been just a local phenomenon, if American and French secret services had not helped raise awareness on the issue via social media. Do you agree with Ford’s view?

The popular movement of Bring Backs Our Girls is a phenomenon which led international media to focus on a case similar to other thousands which are left forgotten. I believe the movement was an excuse for the UN and France to go to Nigeria to follow their agenda, which will not benefit the kidnapped girls or Nigeria in general.

Their agenda will only safeguard the oil production which, at the moment, seems to be oriented towards China and India.

Western countries’ plans to counterfeit terrorism are opposed by Jonathan who showrf his will to collaborate, but has also stated that the cooperation with the West will terminate if national interests are undermined. What do you think about Jonathan’s stand?

I really admire President Jonathan Goodluck, who has been caught inside a crisis and has been left alone by other politicians who do not care about the development of Nigeria as a united group and not as many tribal groups with different religions.
I support the president’s decisions.

If the agreement with the UN and western countries such as France are not aimed at the wellness of the nation, they should be immediately ended.

Do you think the federal government is really incapable of defying Boko Haram and protecting its citizens?

The federal government can defy the rebels and terrorists – as in any other country in the world – only if there is a communal interest towards the development of Nigeria.

Unfortunately, one of the causes of terrorism is the widespread corruption of politicians that Western countries exploit for their own interests.

What do you think about the vigilantes groups, which include also female members, and which collaborate with the army? Are these groups formed by Christians or Muslims?

I think Muslims and Christian have nothing to do with this. The vigilante groups are formed by Nigerians who want peace and serenity in their villages, in their schools, in the whole nation.

The fact that they are Muslims or Christians does not make any difference.

There is a strange coincidence. Since Jonathan announced the government would put national interests before a possible cooperation with Western powers to defy terrorism, Boko Haram’s attacks have drastically increased throughout the country. How do you explain this?

Boko Haram’s leaders have only one aim: to take the lead of the country. If Jonathan shows his weakness, attacks will certainly increase to speed fear and confusion. Former president Obasanjo showed he was able to control Boko Haram, because his relationships with Western countries and the UN were going really well. It was during his post that Boko Haram’s former leader was killed and the terror group disintegrated.

What are the interactions between civil war, Boko Haram, Nigerian politic and oil production?

According to my opinion, Nigerian politics – famous for its great corruption – does not aim to promote the country’s development. Politicians’ only interest is to get rich by exploiting the country’s oil, in the south-west of Nigeria.

Thus, there is a continuous struggle to decide who owns this great natural resource. Terrorism and western countries are all part of this fight for the hegemony over oil production.

Do you think a majour collaboration between Goodluck Jonathan with Boko Haram ( for example the release of some Boko haram members who are currently in jail) will increase or decrease the attacks?

I think no. The negotiations based on the release of terrorists will not solve the case. It could lead to a temporary situation of calm during which further attacks will be planned.

I think that to defeat terrorism, leaders have to help build up a solid future for the nation, by aiming at providing education for everybody, creating jobs for the youths, using the country’s natural resources to help Nigerians without distinctions and guaranteeing the recognition of basic human rights to all the citizens.

Terrorism is usually generated when there are too many inequalities and forms of exploitation in a country. I think Boko Haram will stop only when politicians and authorities’ corruption will be dismantled.

Do you think there are concrete chances of a Western intervention against Boko Haram? Will this increase the risk of spreading the conflict further?

From past experiences (in Nigeria too), the Western military intervention will only bring confusion and will not solve anything. It seems a farce: like a dog who chases his tale.
Weapons call weapons and war, in any part of the world, has never brought progress and development.

What alternative solutions do you suggest?

I think the alternative solutions should start from the bottom: we must create different consciences which help defy tribal mentality. Tribalism creates divisions, we need people who feel as one population in one nation. This will help develop a sense of solidarity among people.

This is the way to defy political corruption and Nigerians will finally be able to enjoy honour, dignity and prestige….all things they deserve.


by Fulvio Beltrami & Ludovica Iaccino.

Abidjan: Mystère et disparition Michel Gbagbo

15 Feb


Michel Gbagbo, écrivain et professeur à l’Université de Abidjané et fils de l’ancien président Laurent Gbagbo déchu par un coup d’Etat militaire soutenu par l’armée française clan Ouattara, a été arrêté la nuit dernière à l’aéroport d’Abidjan, comme il a été d’aller à Paris. Michel Gbagbo lundi devra rencontrer le juge d’instruction du tribunal de Paris, Sabine Firoz, suite à des plaintes contre Guillaume Soro et ses hommes, la violence et les abus subis pendant plus de 2 ans de prison. Il a ensuite été conduit à la tristement célèbre siège de la DST (police secrète française).

Gahié Kuidé Bosow
Côte d’Ivoire
african Voices