Tag Archives: China

Franco-Chinese common investments in Africa come true.

27 Nov

Tuesday, November 15 President Francois Hollande and Chinese Vice-Prime Minister Francois Hollande signed financial agreements to turn into reality the Franco-Chinese Partnership in Third Markets Declaration signed during the visit to Paris of People’s Republic of China Prime Minister State of Affairs: Li Keqiuang on July 2, 2015. The Partnership will promote co-financing and implementation of joint projects carried out through by French and Chinese transnational companies joint ventures. Projects focus on Asian countries but especially on African continent. The investment will be concentrated in various sectors from the high finance to infrastructures.

Mr. Kai has come to Paris with a strong delegation from China Communist Party Central Committee to sign the contract to create the financing structure of this unprecedented partnership between two historical enemies that for over a decade have severely clashed for the monopoly of African markets. 3,000 m euro have been deposited by the respective central banks in to the CDC International Capital saves, a French financial institution controlled by bank group Caisse des Depots. This is an initial capital destined to reach the two billion euro by 2020. To achieve this goal the governments in Paris and Beijing intend to involve in the initiative of private financial institutions in their respective countries

The economic partnership agreements for the Asian and African markets is based on three principles.

1. The dominant role of private enterprises with the support of public authorities. Companies will be the main players in commercial and industrial partnerships in third countries. They will be subject to the respect of international law, international practices and relevant commercial principles, as well as the laws and regulations of France, China and third countries. Governments will support their private companies providing guidance and coordination to create an enabling environment and conditions for business partnerships.

2. Equal partnership and win-win cooperation. France and China want to contribute to structuring projects for local economies, strengthening their “connectivity” and supporting regional integration. This targets are vital in order to create a win-win situation where benefits will be shared with third Countries in order to avoid popular unrests and develop national economies to create more and better market opportunities for France and China enterprises.

3. Complementarity, mutual benefits, openness and inclusiveness. France and China will engage in partnerships based on their productive, technical and / or financial complementarities. They will encourage their companies to go beyond the traditional subcontracting schemes to give way to new formulas for co-production, co-production and co-financing. In addition to the private sectors, projects in third markets may be carried out by public and semi-public financial institutions and companies. Open to other countries and international and regional organizations, these partnerships could be sought potentially in all regions of the world. Nevertheless, priority will be given to Asia and Africa.

IV. France and China partnership intend to cooperate in the following areas:

1. In the fields of infrastructure and energy, promote environmentally friendly industrial partnerships between Chinese and French companies in third markets. French and Chinese companies will be encouraged to support the development of regional interconnections and the strengthening of the private sector in Europe, Africa and Asia. With regard to cooperation in the field of civil nuclear energy, these fall within the scope of the joint declaration on nuclear energy adopted on 30 June 2015.

2. Support the entry into third country markets of civil aircraft manufactured jointly by France and China.

3. In the field of transport, make the most of the respective strengths in order to strengthen co-operation in the field of high-rail and urban railway, study and discuss regions and potential co-operation. China has already lunch a serial of railway projects that will link several African Countries, increasing the regional economic integration. The railway Ethiopia – Djibouti will permit to Addis Ababa to have an access to the sea, lost after Eritrea secession. This will boom Ethiopian economy and will reduce the present border conflict dangerous situation with Eritrea that has create a war and several minor border military confrontation in the recent past. Another inter regional railways project is focus to link several East African Countries: Uganda, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania. The main objective is to assure a rapid and cheapest transport of goods linked to East Africa Community economic integration project that will support the political and social regional integration. Chinese East Africa railway network may have positive impact on regional peace. Through the market link increment several regional underground conflict may be mitigate by common economic interests between East Africa Countries. At the moment is not clear if French companies will joint these mega railways projects or will limit to participate only to new railways project in the Continent.

4. In the agricultural sector, France and China desire to make full use of the respective industrial and technical strengths to intensify bilateral cooperation in favor of food security, food safety and agricultural training with a sustainable integrating economic development approach. They hope to increase third Countries environmental performance and common wealth. Specific sectors such as animal husbandry, crop production, and issues such as agro-ecology, agricultural mechanization, rural energy can be the subject of enhanced cooperation. Paris and Beijing are intentioned to straight knowledge cooperation in agricultural with training and scientific research in order to assist developing Countries in raising the level of agricultural production and achieving the sustainable development of agriculture and agri-food industry.

In this sector the two international partners have at the moment different approach. France utilize agricultural investment in Africa to improve French companies expansion on international markets exporting African products with the advantage of free trade agreements between Africa and Europe. These agreements are mainly facilitate French companies that can export in European markets agricultural raw products or agro alimentary products without pay custom taxes. This is artificially increasing French companies competitive advantage respect European agriculture companies that are concentrate their business in Europe. China is more focus to create a strong agricultural market in Africa with the hope to monopolize it for further huge profits. The integration between these two fundamental different business approach will be the mainly problem to resolve in order to assure win-win opportunities in the sector.

5. In the health field, France and China will fight together against emerging infectious diseases and major epidemics. French and Chinese pharmaceutical industry will actively participate in the analysis of epidemics and the sharing of information. Strengthening collaboration in these areas will have a positive impact on the third Countries only if inclusive and efficient public health systems will be assured to the population by African governments. If not French and Chinese health investments will be profit to private hospital industries in East Africa monopolized by Indian corporations.

6. In the area of combating climate change, France and China wish to explore the possibility of establishing several projects in third Countries, in particular in developing countries, in the field of renewable energies. Energy efficiency, prevention, alert and disaster reduction will be the core of the intervention. France and China welcome and support efforts to accelerate the development of renewable energy in Africa and developing countries in the run-up to COP21 and COP22.

7. The finance and insurance sectors may facilitate the establishment of partnerships between French and Chinese companies in third countries, in particular: encouraging partnerships between Chinese and French financial institutions in accordance with market principles and multilateral practices; establish mechanisms for regular dialogue and information sharing among these institutions; actively develop cooperation modalities such as co-financing, parallel loans, equity investments, risk-sharing and technical assistance; develop the use of innovative financing instruments involving public and private funds in the framework of cooperation projects. The common objective is to foster the creation of a fair and open governance framework and business climate for the investment projects concerned. France and China intend to straight financial cooperation with third-party institutions in order to diversify sources of financing and provide necessary financing facilities for common industrial projects. Financial and insurance cooperation may stop the development of finance and insurance African companies now days mainly controlled by Islamic institution in North Africa, Nigeria financing holding in West Africa and Kenyan and South African bank system in East and South Africa. African financial holding lobbies may force African governments to impose nationalistic measures to protect local finance environment under menace by French and Chinese financial holdings.

Both international partner underline the importance of the Franco-Chinese High-Level Economic and Financial Dialogue and other mechanisms of dialogue and cooperation between France and China at the multilateral and bilateral level. Their interactions and coordination with international organizations, including the UN, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the regional multilateral development banks, in particular the new Asian Investment Bank (AIIB), should be enhanced and enhanced. in order to associate them with cooperation projects in third markets. French and Chinese companies will be encouraged to actively discuss opportunities to jointly response to international calls for tenders.

The Franco Chinese economic alliance if will be consolidated, is destinate to become one of the key players for productive investments in Africa. An alliance that will force Paris and Beijing to review their foreign policies on the Continent. They will be discussed all the antagonistic or unclear positions regarding relations with African countries. The two world powers will have to find compromises and common policies towards issues such Zimbabwe and Burundi. Two Countries where France and China foreign policies are currently deep different.

For France, the Franco Chinese Partnership in Third Markets implementation is a way out of the political and military logic of confrontation with the Red Dragon. A logic which is gradually moving away from trade wars and military conflicts virtually unsustainable for Parsi. For China, this alliance represents a rare opportunity to break the western front against the Chinese expansion in Africa. It’s an unexpected opportunity to access to advanced technologies. This economic agreement will permit China to slow down its very expensive military engagement in Africa. Military efforts already evident with the military cooperation agreements with Djibouti that will permit China to open its first military base in Africa. Chinese military engagement in Africa is underlined too by the first Chinese military adventure in South Sudan (2014) that is turning into a resounding failure inserted into the failure of the peacekeeping operation of the United Nations.

The Paris Beijing Financial economic axis represents a break on the policy of secret wars promoted in the last twenty years by the Bush, Clinton, Obama administrations to contain China’s advanced in Africa. Policy that will likely be maintained by the newly elected president Donald Trump. At the moment, no official reaction from the White House has been reported. The American Berlusconi is engaged in the creation of the presidential team.

The Paris Beijing axis is also a France obvious lack of confidence on European Union foreign policy of the. A foreign policy that has never managed to become common but always entrusted to guide European Power interests: Great Britain, France, Germany. With BREXIT earthquake (very favorable for Africa) and the end of the axis Berlin – Paris, France is forced to support alone the necessity to continue French African colonies domination. Colonies increasingly rebellious.

Africa is vital to prevent the French economic collapse. In face of the European Union economic treaties – Africa failure Paris seem determinate to straight the alliance with Red Dragon in order to don’t lose Africa natural resources forever. An alliance that will bring to France concrete benefits in the medium term but will increase China’s power in the world. A long-term alliance that could benefit the Asian power only.

The Paris Beijing axis can represent certain advantages for African countries. First of all the reduction of instability and conflicts created by Western powers for geopolitical domination reasons, the downsizing of the French colonial role in Africa and the possibility of access to alternative investment fonts to World Bank and IMF. These benefits will only last a few decades if the African Union will not be able to exploit foreign partners to start their own industrial revolution, strengthen the continental union process and stood on international arena as the fourth independent political and economic center. Failure to reach these target will put Africa at risk to be crushed by the imperialist logic of old and new colonial powers.

Fulvio Beltrami
Journalist, Uganda
@Fulviobeltrami

Annunci

Attacking Chinese Construction Workers to Get Jobs? Right End, Wrong Means

5 Ago

 

Some thoughts on the recent Clash of Kenyan Youngsters with Chinese Workers

Being an ethnic Chinese (i.e. not definitely a national Chinese, I hope you could understand the difference) and a political science student, I have been interested in the discourse of China’s New Imperialism and colonialism over the African continent. Though I have not paid much effort in reading the relevant materials, I often listen to stories shared by my friends in Africa. Last year, I got a chance to do an internship in Kenya and decided to suspend my degree to explore, and I have talked with numerous people from all walks of life since then. I hope my experience and view can contribute to the discussion and thoughts on the recent clash – Kenyan Youngsters’ attacking Chinese Construction Workers, accusing the Chinese of taking their jobs. Please understand that I haven’t done a lot of statistical research on this topic, so this article will be greatly referring to my daily conversation or cooperation with people from different nationalities, classes, genders and sectors in East Africa.

This article will be divided into 3 parts. In (1) Right End, Wrong Means, I would briefly explain my basic views. In (2) Who is the one to blame?, I would refer to some conversations I had with the Mzungu in East Africa, which is about the difficulties we faced when cooperating with Africans. I do not intend to stereotype all Africans, but I do want to share some critical opinions to provoke discussion. (3) Blame or Boost? I would share, in my view, what’s the right means to the angry Kenyan youngsters’ end.

      • Right End, Wrong Means

The title of this article has summarized my view. Suppose the intention of the young Kenyans involved is to get jobs and earn money, the intention is right, or at least not wrong. (if they’re not earning money for doing bad, and I’m not going to go into details about the creation, transformation and internalization of work ethnics in recent centuries, and if you’re interested, you may refer to Bauman’s writing.)

Suppose the Chinese have really dominated the local job market, the means of attacking Chinese construction workers, however, is wrong. Firstly, these workers are innocent. They are in the lower levels in the power pyramid, who usually don’t have many choices in life, but to travel from China to Kenya to make a living for their families. There will be few, if not no benefit from attacking them – Not only will the situation remain unchanged, but the workers are also literally suffering! What’s the point of attacking them? Even if you say they’re helping with this evil and unfair process of Chinese dominating local job market, depriving the locals of their opportunities, has any other means been tried before attacking them? Personally I’m not a fan of non-violence principle but I believe violence should be opted for when there’s no better option. Have the people who’re concerned about the situation ever organized themselves to do some more research first? Have they contacted the local politician, or the Chinese companies to negotiate? If other means have not been tried and the first means to voice out for concern is by attacking the Chinese construction workers, it is just ridiculous.

      • Who is the one to blame?

Blaming is easy, but who is the one to blame for the situation? (Suppose the Chinese have really dominated the local job market – as said above I’m not going deep into the statistics) The Chinese who are imposing New Imperialism on Africa? The Europeans who colonized and robbed the African continent? The World Police Americans who turn a blind eye to the New Imperialism? Or, the Africans themselves?

No offence. Or if I’m offending, sorry I have to continue. As the Chinese saying goes, “苦口良药﹑忠言逆耳” (Good medicine always tastes bitter and Good advice always sounds unbearable.) The reason I’m saying (some) Africans may be the ones to blame is – before blaming the others, have these people reflected on themselves? Most of the time there’s a reason behind. If one’s having a lot of personal problems, but would never reflect on oneself, and just sitting there shouting for concern and blaming the others, finally getting illness – who is the one to blame?

Again, I’m not saying the Chinese, the Americans or the Europeans have no responsibility to the problems Africa facing today. Instead, I’m focusing on – have the (some) Africans, who are always blaming the other nations, spent some time to reflect on themselves?

Difficulties when cooperating with Africans

Several months ago I had a dinner with a group of friends, mostly Mzungu, who’re working in East Africa and we talked about the difficulties we faced when cooperating with the Africans – we first talked about punctuality as the local friend had been late for an hour and a half but were still on the way. Then we took turn to talk about our experience, of which the funniest was – Ms.Z, a Chinese journalist, had to do an interview with a person and the local photographer was late for an hour. One guy asked what if it was a urgent issue but not an interview, British businessman Mr.D humorously explained “breaking news which IS NOT BREAKING!” which made all of us burst out laughing. Mr.Y, a Chinese businessman, shared that he got a colleague who has been waiting someone else to sign a contract FOR A MONTH, and SHE IS STILL WAITING FOR THAT SIGN, but then everyone else around the table took it for granted. Mr.Y continued to share: Two of his Chinese friends were parking a car in a shopping mall parking lot. When asked by local guard how long they would park, they answered 15 minutes, and the local guard followed: “so is it Chinese 15 minutes or African 15 minutes?” “What’s the difference” the Chinese asked. “Chinese 15 minutes is around 15-20 minutes, while African 15 minutes is 30 minutes or more.”

I personally got some experience too: Several months ago, my local friend Ms.C who’s responsible for our company’s billboard advertisement was first late for half an hour when we were to walk around in town to pick the suitable billboard spot, making us embarrassed to keep waiting in Java House and we instead waited her outside it. I thought she would be better later, but I was wrong. We agreed to sign the contract and she promised the contract would arrive at our company on Monday. I called her on Monday and she told me she got something else to do and couldn’t make it. Okay then Tuesday. I called her on Tuesday morning and confirmed the contract would arrive at our company at 1pm, and called her again at 12nn being told that she forgot that she would be having a meeting and couldn’t come again, and SHE HAD NO INTENTION TO TELL ME THIS NOT UNTIL I CALLED HER. If that’s something personal I could just let it go and wait, but it’s my job – My boss Ms.J understood that I could hardly demand Ms.C fiercely, therefore she took my phone and spoke to her directly that the contract must arrive at our office on Wednesday. She then reminded me if I was too benign I would just be ignored – and the contract eventually arrived at our hand on Wed. Frankly speaking, I do not understand Ms.C.

Ms.C seems to represent the common image of Africans. Later I realized not only the Mzungu think in this way, but also the local people. I was told by my local friend the concept of “Mzungu time” is very common among local Africans, meaning it is understood that the Mzungu are having different conceptions of time compared with the locals. I really don’t know if it is a cultural difference or institutional problem, but I know this is one of the important causes why sometimes the locals are not welcome in business deal.

Apart from being late, there are other difficulties, for example knowing nothing about their responsibilities, or the endless demand for direct monetary assist which makes the ones being asked uncomfortable. My friend Mr.J once held a ceremony in Nairobi inviting government officials from other African countries, and the officials are endlessly asking for monetary allowance even though we already paid him flights, accommodation and food, and those officials were just coming for one day. I’m not going into details here as these are just too common. However, I think the aforementioned experience tells something – even if the discourse of Chinese dominating the local job market is valid and substantial, there are understandable reasons behind.

      • Blame or Boost?

This afternoon I was walking with friend who’s a local teacher, and we talked a bit about this issue. When asked if he liked Chinese coming to Kenya, he said yes, and the reason is the Chinese helped build a lot of roads and buildings, “If we ask a local company to build, they will distribute the money and cannot build anything!” He literally told me this. I wonder what would the angry Kenyan youngsters have thought, or would they still have attacked the Chinese worker had they heard of this saying.

I’m not sure what’s your answer to my question in part 2 “Who is the one to blame?”. Yet, apart from blaming, there’s another option – boosting oneself. Easier said than done. It’s just too easy to blame the others and push away any personal responsibility. But when one starts to identify his or her own (country / nation) problems, and to boost himself or herself by working hard to tackle the problems, the situation will change, as the Confucius said: “君子求诸己,小人求诸人” (What the superior man seeks, is in himself. What the mean man seeks, is in others.”)

For example, if I were one of the angry youngsters, I might start to think: Even the evil Chinese who’s always trying to take away our opportunities and resources, do I myself have any room for improvement? Am I lacking the skills needed? Why do I not have the skills? Am I lazy to learn? Do I lack the money to pay for tuition? Why is the government not paying the basic tuition? Where are the taxation spent? Do I fulfil my civic responsibility to maintain the checks & balance of the government? Have my fellow countrymen done anything wrong and made others feel hard to cooperate with? Have the local companies delayed work schedule all the time to make the others lose confidence in them? If I have to attack somebody to change the situation, am I going to attack the Chinese construction workers? Or, is there anything I can do before attacking someone?……

I hope this article will add some light to the discussion.
Thanks “African voices” for accepting non-African voice like me!

 

Write by Emil Yeoh

 

Burundi. Breaking News. China sent 300 special forces soldiers to help President Nkurunziza.

29 Set

Three hundred special forces soldiers from China People Liberation Army have arrived in the late afternoon of 28th September 2015 at the international airport in Bujumbura, Burundi. They have offensive military equipment for full combat operation. According the information China has no UN mandate to intervene in Burundi conflict started last May with the failed golpe. Sources close to the Ugandan intelligence claim that the Chinese special forces have been sent fby Beijing in defense of the racist regime of Nkurunziza, illegally in power after his second presidential term expired on August 25, 2015. According to Ugandan sources Beijing have decided to send a first contingent of rapid military response to contrast the wave of attacks that have been registered against Nkurunziza Regime since 24th September 2015..

During the night of September 24 a fire storm never recorded since the beginning of Burundian liberation war last May has hit the quarters of Cibitoke and Kamenge in Bujumbura sweeping away military positions held by the police and Rwandan terrorists FDLR. On the same night unknown rebel forces have targeted the presidential residence with shots of shells from the hills of Bujumbura Rural forcing Pierre Nkurunziza to flee with 1,000 soldiers of the presidential guard in a secret location of Gitega.

Although the rebel forces authors of these attacks remain shrouded in mystery, their firepower and their military preparedness would seem to rule out the possibility that these military offensives are implemented by the Burundian armed rebellion weak and poorly armed. It is thought rather that these attacks are ruled out by foreign intervention of professional army even if all neighbor countries do not comment about it.

Since yesterday are being recorded mass desertions within the FDN (National Defense Forces), the Burundian army. Most of the deserters are Hutu soldiers that may be aggregating with Burundian resistance. They deserted with heavy weapons and ammunutions. On September 27, Major Ndayikenza, second in command of the military camp of Muha collocated in the capital Bujumbura defected along with a substantial number of soldiers taking away various weapons and ammunition.
Muha is a sensitive military camp in the country’s history. From there was born the attempt to liberate the country through a coup last May and the military rebellion against President Ndadaye killed on 21st October 1993. A rebellion aimed at overthrowing Ndadaye and the extremist Hutu party: FRODEBU who were establishing a racial Nazi regime and starting the genocide of Tutsis.

According to the latest news received from Burundi a few minutes ago, the Chinese contingent of elite would take control of the civil airport, the Presidency and the president’s residence and assist the police, the genocidal militias Imbonerakure and Rwandan terrorists FDLR in order to stop the military offensive of the rebels. Washington and the European Union’s diplomatic missions are in maximum state of alert although all comments are careffully avoided. China People Liberation Army are start to be involve inside Burundi conflict, after its direct engagement in Southern Sudan. China military intervention in these two African countries opening a new and disturbing chapter of the relations of Beijing in Africa against West until now maintained exclusively on the political and economic sectors.

Burundian sources indicate that the rebellion may preparea major attack in the coming hours to bring down the regime. The forces of this mysterious rebel group jointed with other groups of armed resistance strengthened by the thousands of Burundian Hutu soldiers deserters may also engage the fighting against the Chinese contingent in order to don’t allow them to take position and strengthen their military presence in the country. Some sources speak of a stampede of Pierre Nkurunziza who would leave his secret location in Gitega to flee the country. News currently unconfirmed by the Burundian government even if Burundian authorities remain silence about the exact location of Pierre Nkurunziza totally absent from the capital since September 25.

On the political front Madame Vital Mshimirimana, representative of the Civil Society in Burundi and representative of the Committee “Stop the third term of Pierre Nkurunziza” reiterated in a statement (reproduced below) Burundian Civil Society intention to continue the democratic struggle against the illegitimate president. The statement clarifies that the Civil Society recognizes Pierre Nkurunziza as the legitimate President of the Republic until 25 August 2015 when it expired on his second presidential term. Therefore invites Nkurunziza to sit at the negotiating table under the guidance of the Arusha accords signed on 2000 in order to prepare for his resignation and the creation of a transitional government that will organize new elections and democratic restoration of the state law in Burundi. In the statement the Civil Society appeals to the defense forces to not participate in war crimes and to suspend any enforcement action against the population.

Fulvio Beltrami
Uganda Kampala
@Fulviobeltrami

U.S. Is the world biggest market for illegal ivory.

24 Mag

Ivory trade is one of the worst plagues in Africa that kills an estimated 35,000 of Africa’s elephants annually, about one-tenth the remaining population. The Continent is losing its wildlife heritage. Elephants and rhinos are on the verge of extinction because the killing is faster than their capacity of reproduce. Ivory illegal trade is often linked to terrorist groups like the Somali Al-Shabaab, the Nigerian Boko Haram and the Rwandan FDLR. They already have access to cross borders to smuggle people, drugs, minerals and guns. So, ivory is just another elicit substance that they can get cash from. Thank to these activities done by African terrorist groups much of the money from the ivory trade goes on to fund global terrorism and criminal networks. It’s always hard to get a handle on any black market, but, worldwide, the ivory trade is thought to be worth about $19 billion.

The first responsible of international ivory illegal trade is China with 42 tones purchased every year. Most of illegal ivory is smuggled raw and China has a significant domestic processing industry. Several western organizations are tring to inform the international opinion and fight against this crime. The majority of Western countries have banned ivory trade since 1991 and they are pushing to reinforce international ivory ban laws. In first position we find US. Last July President Barak Obama issued a Executive Orders committing the United States to step up its efforts to combat wildlife traffickers that reduces the economic, social, tourist and environmental benefits for many African countries.

Obama fight against illegal trade is something not new on White House. Since 1989 US has been one of the first countries to ban ivory trade. At that time Congress approved the African Elephants Conservation Act that limit ivory trade except antique handcraft. Twenty years ago U.S. has signed an international CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) treaty that partially banned ivory imports. On February 2014 the Presidential Direct Order 210 enforce the ivory ban except all antiques that has been imported and sold in US before February 26, 1976. As normal in a Unilateral World for Ivory issue Western Medias give to us an easy story. From one side the Bad Guys: China and other Asian countries like Thailand and Vietnam that they are the major illegal ivory buyers and the first responsible of African elephants and rhinos extinction risks. From the other side we have the Good Guys: European countries and U.S. that have banned the ivory trade and they promote the fight against international trafficking.

As usually Propaganda crushes against the Reality. U.S. is one of the worldwide major illegal ivory markets country. The Ivory traded in US is more to the one traded in China. Between the two countries there is a strong economic relation. China is processing the ivory and U.S. import final objects “Made in China”. If China is on the top of ivory buyers U.S. is among the world’s biggest markets. The most famous U.S. classified advertisements website Craigslist is selling yearly $15 millions of ivory objects according a report redacted by International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). The two animal defense organizations have spent a week on Craigslist in 28 cities, surveying and find ivory products to buy. Just in five-day period (between March 16 and 20, 2015) 456 ivory products and 75 related wildlife products (such as elephant skin) has been sold on Craigslist for a combinated list price of at least $1.4 million. 6,600 ivory items are being sold on Craigslist each year. San Francisco and Los Angeles have the highest number of ivory products sold of any other geographic area in U.S. The majority of ivory products sold on Craigslist are made in China or in other Asian countries.

Peter LaFontaine, campaign officer for IFAW accuse Craigslist to don’t do enough to stop ivory and wildlife products trade online. Craigslist is just the head of the iceberg. Despite governmental propaganda Obama Administration pay little attention on domestic illegal ivory trade, which experts say is the first world largest market for Asian ivory products. The illegal trade in U.S. is largely unmonitored and the laws regulating the ivory trade are often antiquated and confusing. In addition ivory monitoring agencies are underfunded and chronically short-staffed. There are only 200 agents across the U.S. and a single ivory or rhino horn investigation can occupy up to 30 agents and take 18 months. The Ivory Trade Monitoring Agency has the same number of agents as it did in the late 1970s even though the illegal ivory trade has dramatically increased in U.S. between ‘90s and 2000s.

Raw material price in Africa is estimate to $750 per kilo. China processed ivory items are sold to U.S. and other international markets for $1,500 per kilo. U.S. traders are selling these items at $2,500 per kilo. An elephant tusk weighs 14 kilo on average. This means that for any elephant killed African traffickers earn $147,000, Chinese processor industries $249,000 and U.S. sellers $490,000. According to recent IFAW inquires more than 24,740 ivory carvings and 3,209 elephant trophies with two tusks a piece are illegally imported in U.S. between 2009 and 2012. This data have dramatically increased starting on 2013. Every month an average of $2.5 million is available for sale via online auctions. The illegal ivory coming in U.S. is normally claimed as legal ivory thanks to custom agents corruption and the poor ivory legislation. U.S. government has banned ivory coming from African elephants but not the one coming from Asian elephants. 100 years old ivory antiquities trade is permit as the ivory objects imported in U.S. before February 1976. For illegal ivory traders is very easy to declare Asian origin of African ivory or declare the ivory object imported before 1976 or an antique handcraft.

Generally U.S. government permit ivory sell without certification from authorities except for the antiquities. The seller is granted to certificate the products origin under its own legal responsibility. This presents a serious problem for law enforcement. During inquires of suspect illegal ivory even high-tech tools are not adequate to understand if the product is pre-ban or post-ban dated. Authorities can find almost impossible to identify an African elephant ivory from an Asian elephant one. The only possibility to determinate pre-ban and African elephant origin of ivory product is via expensive destructive lab test that are out of Government budget. The majority of ivory products are declared antiquities with false certificates offer by U.S. public authorities under corruption. A market that produce annually nearly $2 millions of illegal revenue for public agents.

In the majority of U.S. ports the custom authorities doesn’t inspect suspect ship ivory containers even under official information by U.S. citizen. Wildlife trafficking is not considered a serious crimes and the legal consequences are limited to fines till $100,000 and the product confiscation. Confiscated ivory products are not burn but sell on illegal market by corrupt governmental agents. Even the Government often authorize unnoticed confiscated ivory sells in order to have the necessary cash to finance illegal actions abroad against country considered U.S. enemies. Just has it’s done by confiscated narcotics. If China is the first supply of ivory for the American market the second are U.S. hunters that are sport-hunting elephants in some African countries. U.S. law forecast that if you shoot an elephant yourself on a game reserve that you have paid for, it’s a legal kill. You can bring tusks into the U.S. Ones the tusks are inside of the country the hunters can easily sell them on black market. These juridical protection is grant because in most of the case U.S. hunters are coming from the High Society, the famous 1% that rules the first and most important West “democracy”.

In Uganda the sport-hunting is managed by an Italian citizen former soldier and mercenary with the collusion of UPDF Generals. The part of high sport-hunting fee (around $8,000 per person) go on the Generals pockets in order to assure a easy and smoothly exportation without be
The illegal ivory trade is a major U.S. internal problem even if historically U.S. Governments accuse others countries to be responsible and the show them at first place on the battle for species conservation” accuse Elizabeth Bennett, vice president for species conservation at the Wildlife Conservation Society. Pending implementation of measures proposed by Obama Administration last months one again doesn’t require for an item considered pre-ban ivory to be officially certified or documented and its sale does not need to be recorded. CITES certificate for antique ivory imported or exported from the U.S. is not obligatory. It’s sufficient an auto certification.

Ivory certification origin is easy to elude as the war mineral certification. This transform all law that not forecast a total ban in a pure governmental propaganda as the recent soft law on war mineral voted by E.U. Parliament and sold to public opinion as an historical conquer by bad faith politicians in order to increase their prestige and maintain their unjustified E.U. M.P. salaries.
All law on ivory, human trafficking and war minerals that are not touch the core of the problem: the Company and Government interests are designated to fail as the U.S. Frank-Dodd Act. Even the one-year ban on imports of ivory imposed by Beijing on February 2015 is more symbolic than effective. “In any case representing an important recognition by China of its role in the illegal ivory trade. China has been denying for a long time that the demand of ivory has been the cause of the killing of elephants”, observes Sammi Li, wildlife trade monitoring network TRAFFIC spokeswoman.

International organization monitoring and free lance journalist reports are pushing the public opinion to pressing their governments to reinforce the ban laws and the consumer to become more responsible. Fearing the bad publicity many international online marketplaces like eBay or Etsy are willing cooperating with law enforcement to reduce wildlife trafficking on their platforms. Craingslist too has promise to cooperate. Unlucky these promises are originated by the same tricks of mineral Western Company that assure to buy only no war minerals from Africa. A mere propaganda because the 68% of African precious minerals are coming from Sudan, DRCongo, RCA, all famous war areas. In the case of ivory the online marketplace platforms know very well how it is hard to regulate the ivory market, because if you are a seller of ivory products it is just sufficient to take the word ivory out of your product’s description. The online marketplace platform will never investigate on your product and no one is ever going to know what really you are selling a part the interested buyers. According to Sammi Li the only solution is a straight international and domestic total ban. Any kind of commercial transaction of ivory object must become a crime for the sellers as for the consumers.

African head of state and international stakeholders recently gathered in Congo Brazzaville for a four-day conference of fighting wildlife crime in Africa. The event focused on developing an African-led strategy and action plan to combat the illegal trade of the continental natural resources. “African head of state are really intentioned to fight ivory illegal trade. The fact that so many African country are coming together to address this issue and to put it in their agenda is a clear demonstration of their goodwill. I think that this may be a turning point for wildlife in Africa. In several countries like Kenya an Ethiopia we can see a real improvement on ivory illegal market fight.”, declare Charly Facheux vice president of Conservation for the African Wildlife Foundation.

The first African country leader on Ivory trade is Botswana that has imposed an almost complete ban on hunting wildlife in January 2014. This decision was the consequence of the bad publicity that Botswana suffered on 2012 when the elephant hunting for pleasure hit global headlines when it come to light that Spain’s King Juan Carlos had been on a hunt in Botswana during his country’s economic crisis. A photograph of him posing with a rifle next to a dead elephant propped against a tree caused outrage event if safari companies say that hunting can be part of a wider conservation plan. Botswana police and army are really fighting the illegal ivory trade and traffickers. Botswana in two years only has become a sanctuary for elephants that are essentially political refugees, fleeing persecution in neighboring countries. After flying over the country for 100 hours, Mike Chase co-founder of Elephant Without Borders, calculate that 130,000 elephants live now in Botswana – of a total population in Africa of 470,000. “These animals are highly intelligent. When they are being disturbed in another area, they will move to where they know they are going to be save and protect”, Chase said. Environmental Minister Tshekedi Khama is determined to preserve Botswana’s record on protecting its elephants. “The elephants will find refuge in this country and we will continue to assist them because if we don’t look after our species who’s going to?” he said.

FulvioBeltrami
Kampala, Uganda
@Fulviobeltrami

BRICS against Dollar.

26 Mar

Life is for the Brave. Wak-up!

Bana Mayélé. They understood that the independence policy begins with the Monetary independence.

Brazil-Russia-India-China-the South Africa. Have made a covenant to say No to Dollard as currency Reserve. No to IMF as Investment Bank.
They created the BRICS but it is a project that is done. These countries are said emmergeants. You understand ?

World Wide moves for the Mint but Africa is moving in the presidential elections.
Pity. Who we injected Valium ? We sleep, we’re heavy.

We can just cheat on them to assert our sovereignty. Stop your political quarrels.
Keep your pride, your hatred and lust for power. Raise us above the men of this world.
Courage arm ourselves and say enough is enough. No to Colonialism, No to Françe, No to the CFA Franc. Let’s build our pride dice now. We are at the cross-roads.

Time is heavy outside, staying with family.

Sassou wants Dialogue, Me too. But we sort of the CFA franc. He is of age to take risks as an Arab old takes risks of transporting Drugs to enrich her children.

by Mireille Silande

Yoweri Museveni’s ‘Jail the Gays’ Bill: What’s Behind Ugandan Homophobia?

4 Mar

Uganda has undoubtedly attracted lots of international attention lately all thanks to President Yoweri Museveni’s crackdown on homosexuals.

In fact Nigeria, Cameroon and Arizona have all distinguished themselves with overtly homophobic  legislation.

Behind the signing of Uganda’s controversial anti-gay bill lurks political subterfuge and vanity.

Museveni originally rejected the controversial bill, which sees life imprisonment for homosexual offences, saying that there were other ways to “cure” homosexuals, and life imprisonment was not the right one.

But about a month later Museveni had consulted a team of “experts” who declared homosexuality “not genetic” but a “social behaviour”. Satisfied with proof that sexual orientation was dependent on moral choices made by individuals, Museveni signed the bill amid local applause and international outrage.

Continue to read HERE

La Cina pronta a investire 20 miliardi di dollari in Africa

19 Lug

La Cina investirà 20 miliardi di dollari in Africa nei prossimi tre anni. Lo ha detto Hu Jintao durante un incontro con i leader di 50 nazioni africane. Il presidente cinese ha precisato che i prestiti serviranno a sostenere e promuovere le infrastrutture, l’agricoltura e la crescita delle piccole imprese. Dal 2009 la Cina è il maggior partner commerciale dell’Africa: nel 2011, secondo le stime rese note dal ministro del Commercio cinese Chen Deming, gli scambi hanno raggiunto il valore di 166 miliardi di dollari.

 

fonte: Devoloping Report