Ergastolo per i gay: Cosa c’è dietro la legge omofoba ugandese firmata da Yoweri Museveni?

4 Mar

Recentemente l’Uganda ha indubbiamente attirato molte attenzioni internazionali e tutto grazie al giro di vite del presidente Yoweri Museveni sugli omosessuali.

In realtà Nigeria, Camerun e Arizona si sono distinti con la legislazione apertamente omofobica .

Dietro la firma del controverso disegno di legge anti-gay in Uganda si nascondono sotterfugio politico e vanità.

Museveni inizialmente aveva respinto la controversa proposta di legge che prevede l’ergastolo per i ‘reati di omosessualità’, dicendo che ci sono altri modi per “curare” gli omosessuali  e l’ergastolo non era la strada giusta.

Ma circa un mese dopo Museveni avrebbe consultato un gruppo di “esperti“… che hanno dichiarato “l’omosessualità non genetica “, ma un “comportamento sociale“. Soddisfatto e con la prova che l’orientamento sessuale è dipendente da scelte morali degli individui, Museveni ha firmato il disegno di legge tra gli applausi locale  e l’indignazione internazionale .

Rapido il cambiamento di cuore di Museveni che potrebbe avere qualcosa a che fare con l’intenzione di avviare la produzione di petrolio in Uganda nel 2016/2017 . Ciò ha sollevato pali politici enormi, concedendo  all’Uganda anche un certo grado di impunità sulla scena mondiale.

Dopo 28 anni di potere ininterrotto, Museveni sa di essere un vecchio pronto per essere sostituito con un altro leader politico alle prossime elezioni .

Sembra probabile che Museveni sia andato sotto pressione da una serie di imperativi politici e ha accettao al fine di preservare il suo potere. Sicuramente tra loro ci sarebbe l’influente oratore parlamentare Rebecca Kadaga, convinta sostenitrice della legge anti -gay del paese. Kadaga, in cambio per la firma del disegno di legge potrebbe benissimo aver promesso il suo sostegno al presidente in corsa alle prossime elezioni .

Kadaga ha più volte espresso la sua volontà di trasformare il controverso disegno di legge, in legge, contro le proteste dei leader attivisti dei diritti umani .

Secondo il giornalista indipendente Fulvio Beltrami, che scrive per giornali italiani l’Indro e, ‘importanti riserve di petrolio sono stati trovati nella zona settentrionale dell’Uganda, nel 2004’.

Le operazioni di perforazione sono assegnati a tre società : la britannica Tullow, la francese Total e la cinese Cnooc .

Una volta estratto, il petrolio viene raffinato in Uganda e poi venduto nei mercati locali e regionali, con una piccola percentuale destinata ai mercati europei e cinesi“, ha detto Beltrami.

Il Presidente degli Stati Uniti Barack Obama ha detto che “se l’Uganda ha approvato la proposta di legge omofoba ciò complicherebbe le relazioni con gli Stati Uniti” .

Museveni, probabilmente attratto dalla possibilità di mantenere il potere a qualunque costo, ha ignorato gli Stati Uniti. Ma lui se lo può permettere grazie al nuovo e più grande investitore di questi giorni in Africa : la Cina.

Articolo Originale di Ludovica Iaccino
Traduzione a cura di AFRICAN VOICES


Una Risposta to “Ergastolo per i gay: Cosa c’è dietro la legge omofoba ugandese firmata da Yoweri Museveni?”

  1. 11 marzo 2014 a 17:33 #

    It’s no longer a moral issue. Excessive porn viewing is threatening real-life relationships

    Last week, TOI sexpert Dr Mahinder Watsa received a query from a 30-year-old woman who had been
    married for two years. The couple enjoyed
    sex twice a week on an average, she wrote in her e-letter, but had
    noticed that her husband was secretly watching pornography on the Internet,
    and masturbating after. The timing of physical intimacy between the couple was linked to his
    new viewing habit. “We usually end up having sex after he watches porn,” she said.

    Over time, he began to avoid sex with her altogether, relying
    on porn entirely.

    This reader isn’t alone.

    Mumbai’s andrologists and relationship counsellors say the popularity of porn among
    men is beginning to change relationship dynamics in the real
    world, often leaving partners distressed. With this, Indian men join their global counterparts.
    An investigation by technology magazine Extreme Tech in 2012 revealed that almost 30
    per cent of Internet traffic in the world is linked to porn.
    The search volume index for ‘porn’ doubled between 2010 and 2012,
    is Google Trends’ estimate.
    The man-woman divide
    Sex is a primal human need, and has little to do with gender.
    Visual sexual stimuli, also finds takers in both, men and women.

    But researchers, like Heather Rupp, Ph.D, say the presumption is that men respond more strongly to it.
    Pornographic magazines and videos directed
    at men are a multi-billion dollar industry while similar products directed towards women are difficult
    to find. It is estimated that of the 40 million adults who visit pornography websites annually,
    72% are male while only 28% are female. “Men prefer novelty, while women are more interested in stable dynamics,” suggests Rupp.

    A recent University of Arkansas study showed that a third of men use porn to ease boredom or stress; a fifth reach out to it when they are lonely.

    The male neurological response to porn – faster heart
    rate, rising blood pressure, increased blood flow and an erection – is said to be stronger than
    the female’s. Some argue, it’s because the content
    ‘suits’ male sexual interests. Erotic clippings let them (visually) enjoy the
    casual sex several of them crave, without danger of
    infection or unwanted pregnancy. Clearly, porn solves a primal problem for men – it lets them enjoy commitment-free sex with multiple partners.

    Matter of the mind, too
    The trouble is, visual sexual stimuli is not associated with sexual health alone.

    It also has a bearing on mental well-being. Compulsive porn viewing can distort the viewer’s expectations of sex with real people, not to mention, control his life.

    A Cambridge University study revealed that compulsive porn watchers show brain activity similar to that of alcoholics or drug
    addicts. Researchers found greater activity in an area of the brain called the ventral striatum, a reward centre
    involved in processing motivation and pleasure. So, just like an alcoholic’s brain lights up when he spots an ad for liquor, porn addicts
    are stimulated when they get their hands on yet
    another clip.

    Interestingly, the activity, usually conducted in secrecy and all alone,
    can push a viewer towards loneliness. Excessive exposure
    heightens feelings of aloneness. Kevin B Skinner, author of Treating Pornography Addiction: The Essential Tools for
    Recovery, has, over 15 years, worked with hundreds of couples and individuals whose lives have been changed by
    pornography. His research links higher consumption with higher levels of depression.
    In Inside Porn Addiction, his blog, he says, “Regardless of relationship status, individuals who viewed porn daily were on the border of severe depression”.

    Dr Samir Parikh, Director of Department of Mental Health and Behavioural Sciences
    at Fortis Healthcare, agrees. “Sometimes, porn is used as a crutch by those with inadequate social lives. And it’s a cycle. The more they view it, the more they are pushed towards social isolation. And, the interactive nature of modern-day porn makes it worse.”

    Relationship risk
    Dr Hansal Bhachech’s experience as consultant psychiatrist has proven that porn
    addicts tend to display difficulty with concentrating, boredom, shame and guilt, and may grow aggressive towards women.
    “Over time, it could reduce his interest in the actual act. He may grow more interested in virtual intimacy between porn stars and himself, putting his real-life relationship under strain,”
    he says.

    The problem with porn, according to Bhachech, is simple:
    pornography is a lie. “It promotes falsehoods about men, women and human relationships. Camera techniques and digital manipulation create myths about our bodies, timing and vigour of the sexual act, and willingness to engage in sexual activity,” he says.
    Parikh is especially concerned about its effects on young minds.
    “Because the distinction between normal and perversion is blurred, it can influence belief systems,” he
    The good side
    What’s important, argue sex therapists, is to realize that like with any indulgence, porn adopts a dangerous avatar
    when it turns into an obsession. Not every man
    who views it is addicted, or hostile to his partner.

    In fact, there have been cases of couples having benefitted from it.
    Sex researcher Helen Fisher advises couples to treat it like a “hormone-booster” because it
    drives up dopamine levels, which drives up your testosterone.

    A Norwegian study that involved 400 couples backs
    Fisher’s claim. When both partners used porn, they
    were happiest in the bedroom, it revealed. They were open about their fantasies,
    and reported least sexual dysfunction.
    “It’s not always destructive,” says consultant psychiatrist
    Dr Deval Desai. “It can be a source of excitement and satisfaction, people wouldn’t otherwise experience.”

    Dr Rajan Bhonsle, Honorary Professor and HOD, Department of Sexual Medicine at KEM Hospital and GS Medical College, has been
    counselling couples for 30 years, and decries claims that pornography is “harmless”.

    “Pornography is often viewed in secret, which creates deception within marriage. I often hear experts suggest that to fire up libido in a dull marriage, turn to fantasy. This might be a temporary solution, but as you become dependent on outside stimulation, your natural ability to get turned on by your partner fades. It’s not uncommon for partners to opt for legal separation in some cases,”
    he says.

    Divorce lawyer Mrunalini Deshmukh says she has received cases
    where porn has led to the breakdown of marriages.
    Watching porn in the privacy of your home, isn’t illegal, she clarifies; production and distribution of pornographic
    material is. “In most cases, addiction to porn has only one result – a relationship that’s fractured.”
    The making of a porn addict
    Exposure: Introduction to porn
    Escalation: Sharp increase in viewing, more explicit and deviant exposure
    Desensitisation: Diminished emotional responsiveness
    Acting out: Desire to act out, either with partner
    or often elsewhere


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