Friday February 03, 2017 US President Donald Trump signed two Presidential directives in order to dismantle the Dood-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, commonly referred as Dood-Frank Act. The Federal Law was signed by President Barak Obama on July 21, 2010 in order to regulate the US financial market gone crazy thanks to a pirate worldwide financial speculation system and bad loans out of control. Dood-Frank Act is regulating US private banks national and worldwide operations. It’s regulating US mineral market too in order to avoid US Enterprises to buy mineral from war zones like Democratic Republic of Congo – DRC. The law has been fought back for long time by US financial institutes and Corporation like Morgan, HP, Compaq, and other IT Company linked to the New Economy. Under Dood-Frank Act implementation Coltan illegal exportation business from DRC war area dropped from 380 m. USD to 185 m. USD par year.
Coltan, gold and other rare minerals are present in huge quantities in East Provinces of DRC: North and South Kivu. These rare minerals are under control of President Kabila’s Family and several armed group, national ones (regrouped under the name Mai Mai) and foreign. DRC rare minerals exploitation has been possible thanks unofficial alliance between Kabila Family, armed group, US and EU enterprises interested to have the control over these minerals considered vital raw material for IT Industry. DRC rare minerals are utilized in several industry sector: from smart phones to advanced High Tech instruments utilized by NASA, EU, China and Russia Astronautic Industries. DRC host 75% of rare mineral’s world reserves.
The Mafia unwritten agreement is simple and functional. Kinshasa Government avoid any military operation against armed groups in East of DRC. They take care of extraction and illegal exportation of rare minerals. Profits are shared 60% to Kabila’ Family 40% to armed groups. The armed groups are called to defend East DRC territory against Uganda and Rwanda backed rebellions on the behalf of Kinshasa Gouvernment. A request done on 2002 by Kinshasa (during the Secondo Pan African war) in order to balance the piteous state of the National Army: “Forces Amees de la Republique Democratique du Congo – FARDC”, partially unpaid, not well equipped, under corrupt and criminal Generals and Colonels control.
From 2002 to 2009 Kabila Family have created a complicate and international Mafia networks over DRC war zone minerals. This network involve several actors in DRC, Great Lakes Region, US and Europe. The meanly armed group that benefits from this unusually alliance is “Force Democratique pour la Liberation du Rwanda – FDLR” an armed group created in East DRC by French on 2000. FDLR are formed by former President Habyarimana Army and genocide militias Interhamwe, responsible of 1 m of death in Rwanda 1994. FDLR objective since 2000 is to reconquer Rwanda and impose again the racial Nazis government HutuPower destroyed by Rwanda People Front led by Paul Kagame, present Rwanda’s President. FDLR still now are in favor of total genocide of Tutsi minority in order to reinforce “order and democracy” under exclusive control of HutuPower politicians.
East DRC illegal mineral market has permit to FDLR to survive for 17 years, control vast areas in North and South Kivu provinces and buy huge quantity of army. Rwandan terrorist forces are estimated on 12,000 men (1,200 men according U.N. 4,500 men according to Kigali government). Most of militiamen are recruited from east Congo young jobless without any kind of job alternative even in the informal sector. New recruits are coming now from Nazi Burundian militias Imbonerakure. From 2002 FDLR has try, without succeed, to invade Rwanda 8 times, the last on April 2014: Operation Umudendezo.
UN Peacekeepers mission in DRC: MONUSCO on 2012 has sign a secret military alliance with FDLR Rwandan terrorists in order to fight Banyarwanda Congolese rebellion movement M23 backed by Rwanda and Uganda. FDLR Military Command is located in Goma (North Kivu province capital) at 02 km far from MONUSCO headquarter. Despite the DRC Army 2015 military campaign against them, in the recent months FLDR leaders have been notice dinner in VIP restaurant and hotels in Goma with DRC Generals, French military advisors and UN Military High Command. It’s DRC Eastern population common behavior that 2015 FARDC offensive was just a simple fiction movie offered to Western Medias. MONUSCO has been recently accused by Lubero and Butembo Civil Society to have intentionally not stop the September 2016 ethnic cleaning in North Kivu province. Ufficially these crimes are committed by an Islamic Ugandan group “ADF” (destroyed two year ago). In reality the authors are Rwandan terrorists FDLR.
From July 2013 FDLR’s Militias are assisting and protecting Burundian HutuPower regime of former President Pierre Nkurunziza, illegally on power since July 2015. Burundian regime with FLDR active support is responsible of thousands of extra judiciary execution, mass murders, mass graves, illegal arrests mainly addressed to Tutsi minority. 300,000 Burundians are refugees in neighbor Countries and all opposition party and civil society leaders have been murder or forced to exile. On September 2016 UN Human Rights Department has affirmed that there is a real risk of genocide in Burundi if Nkurunziza regime will not be removed from power. At the contrary Burundian Civil Society affirm that a silent genocide is a Country reality since October 2015. According Burundian human rights activists and journalist this silent but efficacy genocide can be transformed in open genocide Rwanda 1994 style according to Nkurunziza political conveniences meantime Burundian population has fall dawn in an emotional fatalism.
Illegal mineral traffic has direct and dramatic impact on East DRC population. An estimated 75,000 peoples are in slavery, forced to work on illegal mines controlled by FDRC and other armed groups. 28,000 of them are suspected to be children from 06 up to 16 years old. Thousands of children are forced into the ranks of armed groups that control mining zones. The IDPs (Internal Displaced People) are around 2 millions. All runaway from death and violence spread by FDLR and several armed groups.
DRC Eastern Congo population has Zero hope to be liberated by National Army. At least 98% of FARDC Generals have strong economic interests in illegal mineral exportation and they are not crazy to attack and destroy precious business partners even if are considered internationally as terrorist organizations. The villagers are force in to slavery by guns and debt bondage: money borrow by Congolese businessmen linked to armed groups to pay school fees, medical cares or just to buy food for the family. Bogus accounting and abusive interest rates prevent the villagers from repaying the debts fall down in the slavery working free in illegal mines.
DRC illegal mine exploitation is the first case for sexual abuse too. Militias abduct women and girls from villages, transforming them in sexual slave. Rebels contract forced marriage with hundreds of underage girls. Congolese human rights activists affirm that Militias and DRC regular army are responsible of sexual rapes in East Province the highest in the world: 02 rapes every minute…
Dood-Frank Act has make very difficult the illegal mineral export from East DRC. In order to have sufficient mineral provision US Enterprises were forced to accept very expensive triangulations assured by China, Uganda and Rwanda. From 2011 up to 2015 East DRC armed group autonomy capacity to buy new army and munition dropped to 35% forcing them to receive army from Congo and French governments in exchange of military services against Banyarwanda population and neighbor Rwanda. Since 2015 FDLR are the real responsible of ethnic cleaning against Banande tribe in Beni, Butembo and Lubero district, North Kivu province. Ethnic cleaning that is very near to genocide, ordered by President Kabila in order to destroy the strong economic Banande community in East of the Country.
President Donald Trump has now eliminate this international legal barrier with evident risks to boom regional conflicts, ethnic cleaning and genocide. Mr. Trump affirm that Dood-Frank Act has never worked. At the contrary has condemned US Corporation to be less competitive on international markets. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, institution created by Dood-Frank Act to oversee consumer products origins and regulate import activities done by US Corporation, will be shut-down.
According Mr. Trump Dood-Frank Act abrogation is a due act in favor of American people, low and middle-income investors. In reality the President directives to dismantled the law will profit big US Corporation and Wall Street. Dood-Frank Act is not regulating war zone minerals only. It’s regulating US Mad Financial System too.
Despite the electoral campaign promise to be against Wall Street, Donald Trump has filled his administration with billionaires and bankers. Now he’s focus to make more easily and out of control Wall Street business. Trump decision against Dood-Frank act include a systematic dislmantling of Gouverment control over private banks. Justice Department Office will have no more rights to question about bankruptcy or illegal financial speculation very harmful for US common citizen live and economy.
Banks, financial firms and Corporations are exulting about President Trump decision. Dood-Frank Act has been “responsible” for 18 billion profit losses from 2011 to 2016. US Bank and Corporation lobbyists have several times pushed Obama Administration to revise the law without succeed. Now the man who want make America great again has listen their prays and act as consequence for the good and prosperity of America people…
Dood –Frank Act dismantle will be now discuss by Congress. Republican Representative Jeb Hesarling, chairman of House Financial Services Committee has declared that will support Trump proposing to Congress his own Dood-Frank Act abrogation project. Tea Party leaders have assured their votes. Only Democrats wowed to fight Trump’s plans. Anyway American human rights activists alarm that US Corporations and private Banks are already pressing over several Democratic Congressmen in order to support Trump initiative.
Dramatic consequences are forecast for DRC, Burundi, Rwanda and Great Lakes Region in general. Dood-Fank Act abrogation will free war zone minerals international market allowing 41 armed groups and the manly terrorist organization in the region (FDLR) to increase their power over East DRC natural resources causing more human suffering to many innocent, women and children in Congo and surrounding Countries. Very soon illicit mining of tin, tantalum, tugsten and cobalt, (key raw material for the production of smart phones and other high tech devises), will be free of any international control and regulation. According to an ENOUGH PROJECT recent report insurgents forces in collaboration of DRC national army and Kinshasa regime have in their hand 65% of rare minerals market in East Provinces.
President Trump decision to dismantle Dood-Frank Act is a clear sign that the controversy US Head of State want build strong alliances with Wall Street and US Corporation in order to counter balance the strong popular opposition that is growing to political levels never see since President Nixon time. The decision is anyway contradictory and counterproductive to regional US ally. If Dood-Frank Act will be abrogated Uganda and Rwanda will loose the present position of international mediators for gold and coltan originated in East DRC.
Uganda is controlling the majority of DRC gold smuggler and Rwanda DRC coltan smuggler. Both governments have overestimated the production of gold mine in Karamoja and mineral mines Rwanda DRC border in order to legally wash illegal gold and coltan coming from Congo. Ugandan and Rwandan overestimated actions has started on 2011 with full consensus of US and EU Corporations and silent complicity of Washington and Bruxelles.
Without the Dood-Frank Act the dictatorial regime of Kinshasa and Rwandan terrorist group FLDR will be free to sell rare minerals to US Corporations, establishing legal export mine enterprises owned by Congolese businessmen under full control of Kabila Family and Rwandan terrorists. Regional economic experts forecast an huge increment of Bujumbura (Burundi) illegal gold market’ affair under control of Indians and Israelis businessman associated to the HutuPower dictator Pierre Nkurunziza. This will allow the World Lord Nkurunziza to have precious and vital forex currency income to counterbalance the huge financial loss due by US and EU economic bans and restriction over humanitarian aid. Same negative effects will be registered on favor of Kabila regime that has annulled presidential election on November 2016 and is plaining to transform Kabila mandate in a Live Precedency against the popular willing.
If Dood-Frank Act abrogation decided by Mr. Trump will increase US Banks and Corporations support will make fragile US geostrategic plans in Great Lakes Region. Trump as make clear his opposition to President Joseph Kabila and former Burundian president. According to him both are cruel dictators to be overthrow away. US foreign diplomacy is very active since the last two year of Obama Administration in order to create a regime change both in Burundi and DRC. US is on front line against the two regime, promoting international financial bans in order to avoid Kinshasa and Bujumbura dictatorial regimes to have forex currency reserves to help them to remain on power. With an indirect gift of 400 m. USD par year Congo and Burundi forex currency reserves will be easily recreated. Good business for International Army Industry, a nightmare for Great Lakes Region population.
Trump decision over Dood-Frank Act will make more fragile Uganda and Rwanda regional control. It will make higher the risk of military invasion and second genocide in Rwanda, complicating the Liberation war to overthrow Nkurunziza regime and avoid the first genocide in Burundi history. Ugandan military experts under anonymity protection thinks that Dood-Frank Act dismantle will not be a problem for US geostrategic goals in Great Lakes Regions. Most of them are convinced that Trump Administration will opt for a regional war with the consensus of French, Belgium, Canada, UN and UE to overthrow Kabila and Nkurunziza regimes.
A regional war done to avoid genocide risks but in reality to preserve Western exploitation rights over natural resources. Some indicators are already present. Congolese Tutsi rebel movement M23 (Mouvement du 23 Mars) militias protected in Uganda has disappears from the UPDF (Ugandan Army) military bases where was host. M23 General Sultani Makenga has disappear too. Popular rumors tell that M23 forces have entered in East DRC in military standby.
Rare Minerals and Human Blood is a tragically binomial destined to be repeat again in the Great Lake Region? It’s too early to do forecast on this direction but two fact are already sure. East DRC and Burundi populations will continue to suffer thank to economic international conveniences. Any international experimentation of Fair Trade (like FairPhone) will be definitely destroy. Why to buy IT devices and smart phones very expensive because made with coltan under strict mine regulation that avoid slavery and child exploitation instead to have easy good price smart phone made with coltan directly coming from area under terrorists and armed groups control? Under Trump Administration this Big Corporation dream has become true.
Free Journalist @FulvioBeltrami
African Voices reached the sixth year of life and I am happy with the development, and successful although slow, which has had and is continuing to get See this page is followed by every corner of the world and from many Africans, makes me proud.
I never wanted to invest on the development of the page, but I think that in 2017 will be an expense that I will face, for what are my ideas for sharing the news.
Well, at least six months that I’m getting ready, knowing, getting relationships to give more information on the active black people, not only in Africa but around the world, searching for old African communities living in the world and the diaspora, also passing through the human rights and the oppression of peoples and minorities.
So, much more work waiting me and the staff that are working directly without receiving anything in exchange, people and activists as Huno Djibouti, Djibouti and the Horn of Africa; Henry Mworia for Kenya; Adrian Arena for Afro Mexicans, Fulvio Beltrami for Burundi and the Great Lakes area and Cornelia Toelgyes for sub-Saharan Africa and human rights, has always been friendly and administrator of the group for the Per la Liberazione dei Prigionieri del Sinai. But also many others that revolve around African Voices that are a source of inspiration on the most difficult areas of Africa.
A main goal of African Voices for 2017 is to help small and medium NGO in Africa, those who can not enjoy the support of European governments or the EU, but with great sacrifice on the field and thanks to the good will of volunteers, seek funds and charities increasingly rare and hard to find.
To get this goal, I started a few months working with a multinational leader in the Cashback system called Lyoness and is present in 48 countries worldwide with its seat in Austria, Graz.
Lyoness is an interesting formula and useful to all those who shop in the hundreds of thousands of companies of all kinds, affiliates. The user who uses this shopping system, earn an average percentage directly and immediately its current account and African Voices, in this case, cashes 0.5% for each of your spending. Percentage that, African Voices, donates to non-profit organization without asking for donations that can often become heavy for the user that instead, doing shopping, gains and carries a minimum cash of 0.5% to African Voices that devolve to non-profit organization in Africa.I find this a nice system, useful, brilliant, that will satisfy everyone. If you are interested in attending, you can write to African Voices admin email email@example.com
Another goal we set ourselves is to find jobs for Africans in Africa who need to work, and on this, I need your help.
I will not take the place of job search enterprises, they do a different job from what we can do ourselves to African Voices.
We can turn to small companies, private individuals seeking workers in all sectors, seriously. Receiving requests on firstname.lastname@example.org with the subject: Work, indicating the country and the state, we can publish, and in this way, help the recruitment since many are the people who are following African Voices especially through Facebook, but the our publications are also seen on other social as Twitter, Linkedin, Tumblr, through our blog, followed by tens of thousands of readers, and will activate, in 2017, our YouTube channel with the weekly press and the section dedicated to the job search.
That’s all, African voices in the world, sure to make a beautiful journey together in 2017.
Good luck to all of you and Happy New Year.
Admin, African Voices.
African Voices è arrivato al suo sesto anno di vita ed io sono contento dello sviluppo e del successo, seppure lento, che ha avuto e sta continuando ad ottenere. Vedere che questa pagina è seguita da ogni angolo del mondo e da molti africani, mi rende orgoglioso.
Io non ho mai voluto investire sullo sviluppo della pagina, ma credo che nel 2017 sarà una spesa che dovrò affrontare, per quello che sono le mie idee di condivisione delle notizie.
Infatti, sono almeno 6 mesi che mi sto preparando, conoscendo, ottenendo rapporti interpersonali per dare un’informazione più attiva sul popolo nero, non solo in Africa, ma in tutto il mondo, ricercando vecchie comunità Afro che vivono nel mondo e della diaspora, passando anche attraverso i diritti umani e le oppressioni dei popoli e delle minoranze.
Insomma, molto altro lavoro attende me e i collaboratori che direttamente stanno lavorando senza percepire nulla in cambio, persone e attivisti come Huno Djibouti per Djibouti e il Corno d’Africa; Henry Mworia per i Kenya; Adrian Arena per gli Afro Messicani, Fulvio Beltrami per il Burundi e l’area dei Grandi Laghi e Cornelia Toelgyes per l’Africa sub sahariana e i diritti umani, amica da sempre e amministratrice del gruppo Per la Liberazione dei Prigionieri del Sinai. Ma anche molti altri che girano attorno ad African Voices che sono fonte di ispirazione sulle aree più difficili dell’Africa.
Uno degli obiettivi principali di African Voices per il 2017 è quello di aiutare le piccole e medie ONLUS in Africa, quelle che non possono godere degli aiuti dei governi europei o della UE, ma con grandi sacrifici sul campo e grazie alla buona volontà di volontari, ricercano fondi e beneficenza sempre più rari e difficili da reperire.
Per ottenere questo obiettivo, ho cominciato da alcuni mesi a collaborare con una multinazionale leader nel sistema del Cashback che si chiama Lyoness ed è presente in 48 Paesi nel mondo con la sua sede in Austria, a Graz.
Lyoness è una formula interessante e utile a tutti coloro che fanno shopping nelle centinaia di migliaia di aziende di ogni genere, affiliate. L’utente che usa questo sistema di shopping, guadagna una percentuale media e immediata direttamente sul suo conto corrente e African Voices, in questo caso, incassa lo 0,5 % ad ogni vostro acquisto. Percentuale che, African Voices, devolve alle onlus chiedere donazioni che spesso possono diventare pesanti per l’utente che invece, facendo shopping, guadagna e porta un incasso minimo dello 0,5% a African Voices che devolve alle onlus in Africa. Trovo in questo, un sistema bello, utile, geniale, che accontenta tutti. Se sei interessato a partecipare, puoi scrivere ad African Voices admin alla email email@example.com
Altro obiettivo che ci poniamo è quello di trovare lavoro agli africani in Africa che hanno necessità di lavorare e su questo, io ho bisogno del vostro aiuto.
Non voglio prendere il posto delle aziende di ricerca lavoro, loro fanno un lavoro diverso da quello che possiamo fare noi di African Voices.
Noi possiamo rivolgerci a piccole aziende, privati che cercano lavoratori in ogni settore, serio. Ricevendo le richieste su firstname.lastname@example.org con oggetto Lavoro indicando il paese e lo Stato, noi possiamo pubblicare e in questo modo, aiutare la ricerca di personale visto che molte sono le persone che stanno seguendo African Voices sopratutto attraverso Ffacebook, ma le nostre pubblicazioni sono viste anche su altri social come Twitter, Linkedin, Tumblr, attraverso il nostro blog seguito da decine di migliaia di lettori e attiveremo, nel 2017, il nostro canale YouTube con la rassegna stampa settimanale e la rubrica dedicata alla ricerca di lavoro.
Questo è tutto, african voices nel mondo, sicuri di fare un bel cammino insieme, nel 2017.
Buona fortuna a tutti voi e buon anno.
Amministratore African Voices.
Tuesday, November 15 President Francois Hollande and Chinese Vice-Prime Minister Francois Hollande signed financial agreements to turn into reality the Franco-Chinese Partnership in Third Markets Declaration signed during the visit to Paris of People’s Republic of China Prime Minister State of Affairs: Li Keqiuang on July 2, 2015. The Partnership will promote co-financing and implementation of joint projects carried out through by French and Chinese transnational companies joint ventures. Projects focus on Asian countries but especially on African continent. The investment will be concentrated in various sectors from the high finance to infrastructures.
Mr. Kai has come to Paris with a strong delegation from China Communist Party Central Committee to sign the contract to create the financing structure of this unprecedented partnership between two historical enemies that for over a decade have severely clashed for the monopoly of African markets. 3,000 m euro have been deposited by the respective central banks in to the CDC International Capital saves, a French financial institution controlled by bank group Caisse des Depots. This is an initial capital destined to reach the two billion euro by 2020. To achieve this goal the governments in Paris and Beijing intend to involve in the initiative of private financial institutions in their respective countries
The economic partnership agreements for the Asian and African markets is based on three principles.
1. The dominant role of private enterprises with the support of public authorities. Companies will be the main players in commercial and industrial partnerships in third countries. They will be subject to the respect of international law, international practices and relevant commercial principles, as well as the laws and regulations of France, China and third countries. Governments will support their private companies providing guidance and coordination to create an enabling environment and conditions for business partnerships.
2. Equal partnership and win-win cooperation. France and China want to contribute to structuring projects for local economies, strengthening their “connectivity” and supporting regional integration. This targets are vital in order to create a win-win situation where benefits will be shared with third Countries in order to avoid popular unrests and develop national economies to create more and better market opportunities for France and China enterprises.
3. Complementarity, mutual benefits, openness and inclusiveness. France and China will engage in partnerships based on their productive, technical and / or financial complementarities. They will encourage their companies to go beyond the traditional subcontracting schemes to give way to new formulas for co-production, co-production and co-financing. In addition to the private sectors, projects in third markets may be carried out by public and semi-public financial institutions and companies. Open to other countries and international and regional organizations, these partnerships could be sought potentially in all regions of the world. Nevertheless, priority will be given to Asia and Africa.
IV. France and China partnership intend to cooperate in the following areas:
1. In the fields of infrastructure and energy, promote environmentally friendly industrial partnerships between Chinese and French companies in third markets. French and Chinese companies will be encouraged to support the development of regional interconnections and the strengthening of the private sector in Europe, Africa and Asia. With regard to cooperation in the field of civil nuclear energy, these fall within the scope of the joint declaration on nuclear energy adopted on 30 June 2015.
2. Support the entry into third country markets of civil aircraft manufactured jointly by France and China.
3. In the field of transport, make the most of the respective strengths in order to strengthen co-operation in the field of high-rail and urban railway, study and discuss regions and potential co-operation. China has already lunch a serial of railway projects that will link several African Countries, increasing the regional economic integration. The railway Ethiopia – Djibouti will permit to Addis Ababa to have an access to the sea, lost after Eritrea secession. This will boom Ethiopian economy and will reduce the present border conflict dangerous situation with Eritrea that has create a war and several minor border military confrontation in the recent past. Another inter regional railways project is focus to link several East African Countries: Uganda, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania. The main objective is to assure a rapid and cheapest transport of goods linked to East Africa Community economic integration project that will support the political and social regional integration. Chinese East Africa railway network may have positive impact on regional peace. Through the market link increment several regional underground conflict may be mitigate by common economic interests between East Africa Countries. At the moment is not clear if French companies will joint these mega railways projects or will limit to participate only to new railways project in the Continent.
4. In the agricultural sector, France and China desire to make full use of the respective industrial and technical strengths to intensify bilateral cooperation in favor of food security, food safety and agricultural training with a sustainable integrating economic development approach. They hope to increase third Countries environmental performance and common wealth. Specific sectors such as animal husbandry, crop production, and issues such as agro-ecology, agricultural mechanization, rural energy can be the subject of enhanced cooperation. Paris and Beijing are intentioned to straight knowledge cooperation in agricultural with training and scientific research in order to assist developing Countries in raising the level of agricultural production and achieving the sustainable development of agriculture and agri-food industry.
In this sector the two international partners have at the moment different approach. France utilize agricultural investment in Africa to improve French companies expansion on international markets exporting African products with the advantage of free trade agreements between Africa and Europe. These agreements are mainly facilitate French companies that can export in European markets agricultural raw products or agro alimentary products without pay custom taxes. This is artificially increasing French companies competitive advantage respect European agriculture companies that are concentrate their business in Europe. China is more focus to create a strong agricultural market in Africa with the hope to monopolize it for further huge profits. The integration between these two fundamental different business approach will be the mainly problem to resolve in order to assure win-win opportunities in the sector.
5. In the health field, France and China will fight together against emerging infectious diseases and major epidemics. French and Chinese pharmaceutical industry will actively participate in the analysis of epidemics and the sharing of information. Strengthening collaboration in these areas will have a positive impact on the third Countries only if inclusive and efficient public health systems will be assured to the population by African governments. If not French and Chinese health investments will be profit to private hospital industries in East Africa monopolized by Indian corporations.
6. In the area of combating climate change, France and China wish to explore the possibility of establishing several projects in third Countries, in particular in developing countries, in the field of renewable energies. Energy efficiency, prevention, alert and disaster reduction will be the core of the intervention. France and China welcome and support efforts to accelerate the development of renewable energy in Africa and developing countries in the run-up to COP21 and COP22.
7. The finance and insurance sectors may facilitate the establishment of partnerships between French and Chinese companies in third countries, in particular: encouraging partnerships between Chinese and French financial institutions in accordance with market principles and multilateral practices; establish mechanisms for regular dialogue and information sharing among these institutions; actively develop cooperation modalities such as co-financing, parallel loans, equity investments, risk-sharing and technical assistance; develop the use of innovative financing instruments involving public and private funds in the framework of cooperation projects. The common objective is to foster the creation of a fair and open governance framework and business climate for the investment projects concerned. France and China intend to straight financial cooperation with third-party institutions in order to diversify sources of financing and provide necessary financing facilities for common industrial projects. Financial and insurance cooperation may stop the development of finance and insurance African companies now days mainly controlled by Islamic institution in North Africa, Nigeria financing holding in West Africa and Kenyan and South African bank system in East and South Africa. African financial holding lobbies may force African governments to impose nationalistic measures to protect local finance environment under menace by French and Chinese financial holdings.
Both international partner underline the importance of the Franco-Chinese High-Level Economic and Financial Dialogue and other mechanisms of dialogue and cooperation between France and China at the multilateral and bilateral level. Their interactions and coordination with international organizations, including the UN, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the regional multilateral development banks, in particular the new Asian Investment Bank (AIIB), should be enhanced and enhanced. in order to associate them with cooperation projects in third markets. French and Chinese companies will be encouraged to actively discuss opportunities to jointly response to international calls for tenders.
The Franco Chinese economic alliance if will be consolidated, is destinate to become one of the key players for productive investments in Africa. An alliance that will force Paris and Beijing to review their foreign policies on the Continent. They will be discussed all the antagonistic or unclear positions regarding relations with African countries. The two world powers will have to find compromises and common policies towards issues such Zimbabwe and Burundi. Two Countries where France and China foreign policies are currently deep different.
For France, the Franco Chinese Partnership in Third Markets implementation is a way out of the political and military logic of confrontation with the Red Dragon. A logic which is gradually moving away from trade wars and military conflicts virtually unsustainable for Parsi. For China, this alliance represents a rare opportunity to break the western front against the Chinese expansion in Africa. It’s an unexpected opportunity to access to advanced technologies. This economic agreement will permit China to slow down its very expensive military engagement in Africa. Military efforts already evident with the military cooperation agreements with Djibouti that will permit China to open its first military base in Africa. Chinese military engagement in Africa is underlined too by the first Chinese military adventure in South Sudan (2014) that is turning into a resounding failure inserted into the failure of the peacekeeping operation of the United Nations.
The Paris Beijing Financial economic axis represents a break on the policy of secret wars promoted in the last twenty years by the Bush, Clinton, Obama administrations to contain China’s advanced in Africa. Policy that will likely be maintained by the newly elected president Donald Trump. At the moment, no official reaction from the White House has been reported. The American Berlusconi is engaged in the creation of the presidential team.
The Paris Beijing axis is also a France obvious lack of confidence on European Union foreign policy of the. A foreign policy that has never managed to become common but always entrusted to guide European Power interests: Great Britain, France, Germany. With BREXIT earthquake (very favorable for Africa) and the end of the axis Berlin – Paris, France is forced to support alone the necessity to continue French African colonies domination. Colonies increasingly rebellious.
Africa is vital to prevent the French economic collapse. In face of the European Union economic treaties – Africa failure Paris seem determinate to straight the alliance with Red Dragon in order to don’t lose Africa natural resources forever. An alliance that will bring to France concrete benefits in the medium term but will increase China’s power in the world. A long-term alliance that could benefit the Asian power only.
The Paris Beijing axis can represent certain advantages for African countries. First of all the reduction of instability and conflicts created by Western powers for geopolitical domination reasons, the downsizing of the French colonial role in Africa and the possibility of access to alternative investment fonts to World Bank and IMF. These benefits will only last a few decades if the African Union will not be able to exploit foreign partners to start their own industrial revolution, strengthen the continental union process and stood on international arena as the fourth independent political and economic center. Failure to reach these target will put Africa at risk to be crushed by the imperialist logic of old and new colonial powers.
Indigenous communities, through their representatives, put forth their case, during the ongoing climate negotiations (COP22), on why they should be given direct access to the Green Climate Fund (GCF).
Among other demands such as recognition of and respect for their rights, the indigenous groups said that access to the climate finance will enable them to play a significant role in management of natural resources and mitigation and adaptation of climate change.
Grace Balawang of Tebtebba, an indigenous peoples’ organization based in Philippines said “indigenous people have been in direct contact with forests for a long time, have built indigenous knowledge system over the period and should therefore be supported to continue applying indigenous knowledge to protect the forests.”
Tarcila Rivera Zea of CHIRAPAQ, Peru added that despite the indigenous peoples’ wealth of knowledge, they have been hard hit by the impacts of climate change.
“We are the ones that suffer the consequences of climate change when droughts, floods, landslides and typhoons occur.” Ms. Tarcila said. Through slides, she showed images of indigenous communities hit by drought and landslides.
“Some medicinal plant resources useful to the indigenous communities have been lost and there have been limited efforts to recover them.” She continued.
Ms. Tarcila believes that if indigenous people get the necessary support, they will use their indigenous knowledge to create crops that are resistant to droughts, recover species that are facing extinction especially medicinal plant species important in their culture, improve and produce more environmentally friendly technology like the energy saving stoves that emit less smoke that has been part of their culture for a while.
However, the challenge standing between the communities and the necessary climate action is lack of financial muscle.
Stanley Ole Kimaren, Executive Director of Indigenous Livelihoods Partnerships, Kenya (ILEPA), said that though pastoralist groups like the Maasai have proven that there is an indigenous science behind the enhanced livelihood systems, there has not been sufficient support towards their initiatives.
“What we need is funding and capacity building support to engage more robustly in climate action and livelihood enhancement.” He said.
One of the funding sources eyed by the indigenous communities is the Green Climate Fund. However, a number of hurdles hinder their access to the fund meant for adaptation and building of climate resilience among vulnerable communities.
“The GCF instruments at the moment do not recognize indigenous people who are often most affected by climate change as a special constituency. We have also been excluded and marginalized from the decision making processes.” Mr. Kimaren said.
“The Green Climate Fund should recognize the rights of indigenous people and address the issue of direct access or a dedicated financial arrangement for the indigenous people,” He continued.
The Global Climate Fund was established in 2010 by 194 countries party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to assist developing countries to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions as well as to adapt to the impacts of climate change.
“We ask the 22nd Conference of Parties (COP22) to provide a direct observer seat to the indigenous people to participate in the GCF discussions.”
There are approximately 370 million indigenous people in the world, belonging to 5,000 different groups, in 90 countries worldwide. They are often seen as the primary stewards of the planet’s natural resources. Their ways of life have contributed to the protection of the natural environment on which they depend on.
Article by Jonathan Odongo
Founder and Executive Director,
Kenya Environmental Education Network
Panelists: Indigenous Peoples and Green Climate Fund. Photo/COURTESY Jonathan Odongo
It’s not a bad dream anymore. It’s a reality. Donald Trump has won the US election to become the most powerful person in the world.
This, however, is not good news for the victims of one of the major problems facing the world today: climate change.
Donald Trump has not only made it plain umpteen times that he does not believe in climate change but also threatened to undo President Obama’s climate agenda including the Paris Agreement if he wins.
“The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.” He said in one of his tweets.
Now that he has won, his victory has sent cold shivers down the spines of victims of climate change and those hard at work in the fight against the catastrophe.
To make matters worse, a precedence had been set by George W. Bush, also a US Republican president.
In 2001, after assuming office as the President of the United States, Bush trashed the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement meant to reduce current greenhouse gas emissions by putting obligation on developed countries on the basis that they are historically responsible for the current levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, soon after it was signed by Bill Clinton.
It is this action that has been bedeviling the Protocol.
Donald Trump, going by his comments, may as well pull a George Bush on Paris Agreement.
If – or when – this happens, the Paris Agreement – an agreement that US under Obama administration was instrumental in seeing through – may face the same challenges as Kyoto Protocol.
This spells doom for the developing countries. Why?
Prior to COP 21, countries submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) outlining the post-2020 climate actions they intended to take to cut greenhouse gas emissions, limit temperature rise and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
A good number of developing countries outlined how they will adapt to climate change impacts and the kind of support they need to adopt low-carbon pathways and to build climate resilience.
To put in place the adaptation measures, the countries, for example Kenya, stated that implementing their INDCs is ‘subject to international support in the form of finance, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity building’.
This international support often comes from governments and agencies like USAID (United States Agency for International Development). This literally means that under Trump presidency, no funds or support of any kind will be channelled to poor, vulnerable and developing countries to support climate action.
“Donald Trump stance on climate change is a disaster for Africa.” Lina Yassen, Climate Tracker from Sudan.
“Africa is already burning. The election of Trump is a disaster for our continent. The United States, if it follows through on its new President’s rash words about withdrawing from the international climate regime, will become a pariah state in global efforts for climate action. This is a moment where the rest of the world must not waver and must redouble commitments to tackle dangerous climate change,” said Geoffrey Kamese from Friends of the Earth Africa.
However, not all hope is lost. It might take up to four years before US thinks of pulling out of the agreement.
“Paris in now international law and has entered into force and requires four years to pull out, making it very difficult to walk away from the table.” said Tina Johnson, US Climate Action Network Policy Director .
But who knows? President Trump might have a change of heart. But if he even thinks of going that direction, a number of activists have vowed to lead him back on the right track in so far as climate action is concerned.
“Whilst the election of a climate denier into the White House sends the wrong signal globally. We, the grassroots movements for climate justice, will redouble our efforts, grow stronger and remain committed to stand with those on the frontline of climate injustice at home and abroad.. In the absence of leadership from our government, the international community must come together redouble their effort to prevent climate disaster,” said Jesse Bragg, from Corporate Accountability International.
Donald Trump. Photo/COURTESY Slate Magazine
Article by Jonathan Odongo
Founder and Executive Director,
Kenya Environmental Education Network
The Arab Spring in Tunisia and Egypt affected Libya internal stability. Protest against Colonel Muammar Gaddafi regime erupted on February 2011, brutally crushed by the army. The force used by Gaddafi and Western interferences will soon create a dramatic civil war ended on October 20, 2011 when Libyan leader was caught and shot dead by Libyan National Transitional Council militia with the active support of French Intelligence services.
Nowadays Libya, former developed African Country and leader of Pan African Movement, is a country torn apart and divided, with to governments fighting between them and claiming the control of the Nation. The real Libya’s owner are local militias (ISIL DAESH included) that have power of live and death over the population of the areas they control. Economy is collapsed. GDP shrank by 10.2% in 2015 adding to the 24% collapse in 2014. Production of crude oil fell to the lowest level on record since the 1970s: around 0,4 million barrels par day. Western Power (Italy included) are nowadays engaged with air bombardment and military interferences in order to support Libyan factions. A Somali scenario repeated with incredible stupidity wisped the dramatic western mistakes that transformed Somali civil war erupted on 1991 in an eternal conflict with terrorist international complications.
As we assist in Somalia on 1993, Libyan local militias strategies and objectives are became oppose to the ones promoted by Western powers, transforming Libya in an African Syria. A battlefield between different imperialist and regional powers. A war without end that has full involved US. Libya should be added to disastrous adventure in Iraq and Afghanistan. In all these countries the Pax Americans has not established and the masses pay the heavy bill of American failure. Libyan situation is so negative for US foreign policy that President Barak Obama has considered 2011 Western intervention the worst mistake ever made by his Administration. U.S., France and Britain destroyed the old state apparatus in Libya creating a dangerous empty space fulfilled by Al-Qaeda and DAESH militias. What Obama did not take into account was the situation impossible to manage created by the role plaid by tribal rivalries that were temporally balance during Gaddafi’s rule.
Different actors are inside to Libyan drama. U.S., France, Britain, Italy, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Qatar, Turkey. All attracted by the strategic position of this North African country with its shores on the Mediterranean Sea very close to Europe. A North African country really reach: 38% of African continent’s oli and 11% of European consumption. The government of Tripoli is supported by Qatar and Turkey. The Tobruk government, recognized by U.N and E.U, is supported by Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Arab Emirates. DAESH forces still control Derna and Sierte surrounding areas. International alarms grown after the serious influence of Islamic State in Libya. In order to resolve the problem U.N. and Western Powers pushed for a national unity government against terrorism treat. The Government of National Agreement (GNA) under Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj control was created on March 30 of this year. A really weak government that has increase the conflict in the country. GNA was immediately boycotted by several former ministers, tribes and clans. Al-Serraj has been transformed in the most weak African Prime minister from the very first day of his election. Living condition of Libyan population dropped dramatically fulfill the ranges of local militias and terrorists groups. Al-Serraj’s government is still alive only thank to West support. In reality Al-Serraj has no real power but a virtual surrogate of it.
On August 2016 a new chapter in Libyan civil war has opened with US involvement. Bombing Sirte was an American decision that has make worst the situation. 330 US Air-Forces strike have not facilitated Sirte fall. Al-Baghdadi militia are still able to offer a fierce resistance. Sirte was Gaddagi’s hometown very well protected. To assure the conquer of Sirte there are need of ground troops. There is no national army in Libya so the ground troops must come from African countries or Western Powers. African Union, Arab Liguea, U.N. Europe and U.S. are showing the total absence of direct military intervention willing. They prefer to support the different Libyans militias in a never ending proxy war. The eternal battle for Sirte has weakest Al-Serraj government meantime other players are taking advantage of the situation.
Tobruk strongman General Khalifa Haftar, control Sidra and Ras lanuf oil terminals recently conquer. Haftar General is supported ny Egypt and France. French special forces are military active in Cyrenaica, regione lagerly controlled by Haftar General. Several Africans analysts consider unlikely that in the current situation Haftar will be able to restart oil production. Anyway Sidra and Ras Ianuf oil terminals and refineries are powerful weapons in his and that increase his influence over future negations about power division in Libya. GNA government has just miraculously survive to Khalifa al-Ghwell militias coupt attempt in Tripoli. Al-Ghwell strike was so determinate to force Prime Minister Al-Serray to hiding to a secret location in Tunisia. Western power have take for granted that Al-Serray is at the end of his days. Now are forced to increase their military presence in the region under usual justification of fighting Islamic terrorism.
“France is one of the most active powers in this scenario. Last July, the GNA issued a protest where considering the French presence in Libya’s eastern region as a breach of international norms and sovereignty. France ignored that protest and increased its presence, a fact exposed by the crash of an airplane in Malta last Monday. At least three passengers were members of French intelligence heading for Libya.”, explain Roberto Sarti, a marxist Italian activist and expert over Libya issues.
“Italy, the former colonial power, is trying not to be excluded from the division of the booty. In September they sent 300 soldiers to Libya, with “humanitarian” intentions, of course. The Italians are planning to build a military hospital in Misrata, and the official task of the troops will be “to protect the premises.” In reality they are going to protect their local proxies in Misrata and in the siege of Sirte. Not everybody is happy with the Italian initiative. The Zintani Brigade (a militia that, when it changed sides, was crucial in the fall of Gaddafi) declared that it would “not stand idly by and will face any invader with all our might,” and “we call on all Libyans to stay united and prepare to fight the new Italian invasion of our land.”
As Mr. Sarti describes the situation in Libya is assuming the character of a long a protracted civil war. An Western crime make possible by the passivity of African Union to resolve Continental issues alone, imposing democracy and human rights respect in autonomy way even with the use of African military force. The only A.U. attempt to resolve African crisis is in Somalia, where African troops AMISOM are fighting Al-Shabaab and DAESH militias, under Uganda command. A fight weakened by the withdraw of Ethipian troops decided by Addis Abeba government in order to face Oromo rebellion.
I walked into the Westgate Mall that Saturday morning as a happily married woman; with my loving husband by my side, shopping for my family. Ijaba Amaya at home and Alisha Idman in my womb. But Alas! I walked out of the Mall a widow, physically and emotionally traumatized and with a big question in my head: “WHY”?
A year down the line, I have struggled and accepted what happened and I live my life with gratitude and trust in Allah. No matter how many questions I may have asked, and continue asking, there can never be any satisfactory answers to them.
My heart does not have space for any hatred whatsoever; and I have forgiven those who inflicted the great loss and pain that I have gone through. Yes, I live it all to God, for vengeance is not mine.
Before this day comes to an end; I would like to sincerely thank God for the bad and the good, my family for being my backbone, my friends who stood by my side and people from all over the World for the words of encouragement and kind message of condolences….
Last but not least, I would wish to extend my sincere gratitude to the brevity of the men who courageously, armed with faith and good will came and rescued us. Wherever you are, whoever you are, remember that I will be forever grateful to you for the rest of my life.
In this painful odyssey over the year; there are people who touched my heart in very special ways and whom I would wish to dedicate special words to in the coming days.
Before this day ends, I beseech all of you to remember what happened in the Westgate Mall on that fateful Saturday. Let us not have hatred in our hurts, but instead learn to forgive and move on in our lives knowing truly that our dignity and pride shall never be destroyed under whatever circumstances.
Let us join hands and work towards peace and tolerance, for a better life in this world; for it is the only way forward.
I thank God for the good and the bad experiences in my life.
Mariam Yassin HY @
September 21, 2014 ·
Pregnant woman from the Karo tribal area with scarification, Omo Valley, southern Ethiopia.